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former IAEA Director-General

International Support for the Iran Nuclear Deal
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Arms Control NOW

Authored by Samantha Pitz and Ryan Fedasiuk on May 9, 2018


International support for the 2015 nuclear deal between the P5+1 (China, France, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States) and Iran remains strong, despite comments by U.S. President Donald Trump threatening the future of the agreement.

The Arms Control Association will be adding international statements in support of the nuclear deal, known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), on this page as they are released.

May 2018: General

Australia

 

Australia is disappointed that the United States has announced its withdrawal from the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) that places restrictions and limits on Iran’s nuclear program. In particular, the JCPOA requires “that under no circumstances will Iran ever seek, develop or acquire any nuclear weapons”. The Australian Government has consistently said that the JCPOA should remain in force until such time that an alternative agreement can be negotiated. While the US decision creates uncertainty for the future of the JCPOA, we strongly encourage Iran to continue to abide by its provisions.
— Julie Bishop, Australian Minister for Foreign Affairs, May 9, 2018

Canada

 

Canada supports an effective rules-based international order, and believes that the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) is essential to prevent Iran from developing a nuclear weapons capability and to ensure greater regional and global security....The JCPOA, agreed to with Iran in 2015 and endorsed by the UN Security Council, is not perfect. It has, however, helped to curb a real threat to international peace and security. Canada regrets that the United States has decided to withdraw from the JCPOA, particularly given that, according to the IAEA, Iran continues to implement its JCPOA commitments.
— Chrystia Freeland, Canadian Minister for Foreign Affairs, May 9, 2018

China

The JCPOA is a multilateral agreement reached by the P5+1, the European Union and Iran through negotiations and endorsed by the UN Security Council Resolution 2231. Under the current circumstances, ensuring the integrity and sanctity of the JCPOA is conducive to upholding the international non-proliferation regime and promoting the peace and stability in the Middle East. All relevant parties should step up dialogue and coordination, properly handle differences and continue fulfilling their obligations in a faithful manner. China will remain in close communication with all relevant parties and stay committed to upholding and implementing the JCPOA with an objective, impartial and responsible attitude.
—Geng Shuang, Chinese Foreign Ministry Spokesperson, May 8, 2018

The European Union

The European Union regrets today's statement by the President of the United States on the nuclear deal with Iran [Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, JCPOA]. Should the US reconsider this position, we would welcome it. The United States remain our closest partner and friend, and we will continue to work together on many other issues. As we have always said, the nuclear deal is not a bilateral agreement and it is not in the hands of any single country to terminate it unilaterally. It has been unanimously endorsed by UN Security Council Resolution 2231. It is a key element of the global nuclear non-proliferation architecture, it is relevant in itself, but even more so in these times of encouraging signals on the perspective of the denuclearisation of the Korean Peninsula. The nuclear deal with Iran is crucial for the security of the region, of Europe and of the entire world.
—Federica Mogherini, High Representative of the EU for Foreign Policy and Security Policy, May 8, 2018

France

France, Germany, and the UK regret the U.S. decision to leave the JCPOA. The nuclear non-proliferation regime is at stake.
—Emmanuel Macron, French President, May 8, 2018

We are determined to save this deal because this accord safeguards against nuclear proliferation and is the right way to stop Iran getting a nuclear weapon.
—Jean-Yves Le Drian, French Foreign Minister, May 7, 2018

The pertinence of the deal is reinforced by the details presented by Israel: all activity linked to the development of a nuclear weapon is permanently forbidden by the deal…The inspection regime put in place by the (UN nuclear watchdog) IAEA thanks to the deal is one of the most exhaustive and the most robust in the history of nuclear non-proliferation.

—Jean-Yves Le Drian, French Foreign Minister, May 1, 2018

 

France, Germany, and the United Kingdom

It is with regret and concern that we, the Leaders of France, Germany and the United Kingdom take note of President Trump’s decision to withdraw the United States of America from the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action. Together, we emphasise our continuing commitment to the JCPoA. This agreement remains important for our shared security. We recall that the JCPoA was unanimously endorsed by the UN Security Council in resolution 2231. This resolution remains the binding international legal framework for the resolution of the dispute about the Iranian nuclear programme. We urge all sides to remain committed to its full implementation and to act in a spirit of responsibility.
— British Prime Minister May, German Chancellor Merkel and French President Macron, May 8, 2018

Germany

We will continue with our argumentation, namely keeping the JCPOA plus expansion of the negotiating framework.

—Angela Merkel, German Chancellor, May 2, 201

 

We continue to believe that this agreement makes the world safer and without this agreement the world would be less safe…We fear a failure [to abide by the deal] would result in an escalation. We don’t think there is any justifiable reason to pull out of this agreement and we continue to make the case for it to our American friends...We’ll deal with the (U.S.) decision but...we want to adhere to this agreement.

—Heiko Maas, German Foreign Minister, May 7, 2018

 

Ireland

 

I am greatly disappointed by the US announcement that it is withdrawing from the nuclear agreement with Iran (the JCPOA). Ireland and our EU partners, and a very broad spectrum of international opinion have made clear that we believe the JCPOA was a significant diplomatic achievement, and that all parties to it should implement it in full... I hope that all other parties to the agreement, including Iran but also the EU and others, will continue to implement the agreement. The Middle East, and the world, are safer and more stable with this agreement in operation."
—Simon Coveney, Irish Minister for Foreign Affairs and Trade, May 8, 2018

Japan

Japan, however, continues to support the JCPOA which contributes to the strengthening of the international non-proliferation regime and stability of the Middle East, and hopes for constructive actions by relevant parties. Japan will remain in close communication with relevant parties to maintain the JCPOA.
—Taro Kono, Japanese Minister for Foreign Affairs, May 9, 2018

The Netherlands

 

The Iran agreement ensures that Iran will not develop nuclear weapons. It contributes to stability in the region and to the security of the whole of Europe. It is still the best way of preventing Iran from gaining nuclear weapons, based on rigorous inspections by the International Atomic Energy Agency. The agreement is not perfect, and we must continue to address concerns about Iran’s ballistic missile programme and its role in the region. But it was necessary, and the result of 12 years of negotiations. The US decision is a step backwards. The Netherlands will work with our partners to find a solution that safeguards our own security and that of the entire European Union.
—Stef Blok, Dutch Foreign Minister, May 9, 2018

Norway

Our position on the nuclear agreement with Iran is clear: The Iran Nuclear Deal has helped to promote regional stability and has contributed to our own security. It has been effective in achieving its objective – to prevent Iran from developing nuclear weapons. We have full confidence in the International Atomic Energy Agency's verification and monitoring work and their assessment that Iran is fulfilling its obligations. Mr Trump's decision does not mean that the deal cannot be salvaged. We urge Iran in the strongest terms to keep the deal alive, and we welcome the signals that Iran is willing to do so. We support the EU's unambiguous statements indicating its commitment to ensuring continued implementation of the Iran nuclear deal.
—Ine Eriksen Søreide, Norwegian Minister of Foreign Affairs, May 9, 2018

Russia

 

We are deeply disappointed by US President Donald Trump’s decision to unilaterally give up commitments to implement the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action on Iran’s nuclear programme (JCPOA) and to reinstate the US sanctions on Iran. The JCPOA is a key multilateral agreement approved by the 2015 UNSC Resolution 2231. The Action Plan does not belong to the United States alone but is a domain of the entire international community, which has repeatedly reaffirmed its interest in the preservation and long-term sustainable implementation of the JCPOA for the sake of strengthening international and regional peace and security as well as the nuclear non-proliferation regime... It efficiently tackles all the challenges it is designed to address. Iran is abiding strictly with the obligations it has undertaken, which is regularly confirmed by the IAEA....Russia is open to further cooperation with the other JCPOA participants and will continue to actively develop bilateral collaboration and political dialogue with the Islamic Republic of Iran.
—Russian Foreign Ministry statement, May 8, 2018

Russia and China

 

The Russian Federation and the People’s Republic of China…Confirm  their  unwavering  support  for  the  comprehensive  and  effective implementation  of  the  Joint  Comprehensive  Plan  of  Action  (JCPOA)  as endorsed by the UNSC Resolution 2231 (2015); Recognize that the sustainable implementation of the JCPOA proved to be a significant  contribution  in  strengthening  global  nuclear  non-proliferation architecture as well as international security as a whole; [and] Emphasize the urgent necessity for all parties to the JCPOA to rigorously adhere to and fully implement their commitments under it, and for all NPT State-Parties to  support  the  implementation  of  the  JCPOA,  including  by  refraining  from actions that undermine implementation of commitments under the JCPOA.

—Joint Statement by Russia and China, May 5, 2018

 

South Africa

 

It is with deep concern that the South African Government has noted the decision of the United States Government to withdraw from the Iran nuclear deal, the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) between the P5 +1 and the Islamic Republic of Iran. As a matter of principle, and deeply rooted in its foreign policy, South Africa supports multilateral diplomacy and the peaceful resolution of conflict. The JCPOA is a significant achievement in this regard...It is important that the progress made over many years of negotiation should not be lost. Since its adoption, the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action has contributed significantly to the reduction of tensions over Iran’s nuclear programme and still has an important role to play in promoting peace, stability and the normalisation of relations.
—Cyril Ramaphosa, South African President, May 9, 2018

Sweden

 

It is now clear that President Trump has decided that the United States will withdraw from the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), commonly known as the Iran nuclear deal. President Trump’s decision is deeply regrettable...We continue to stand united with the EU in our full support for the deal and its implementation. Sweden and the EU will work to preserve the JCPOA. It is now important that the deal continues to be respected and that Iran continues to fulfil its commitments... The 2015 nuclear deal was negotiated over a period of 10 years and is one of the greatest successes of our time for diplomacy, peaceful conflict resolution, prevention of armed conflict, disarmament and non-proliferation of nuclear weapons. 

—Margot Wallstrom, Swedish Minister for Foreign Affairs, May 9, 2018

 

Turkey

 

The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPoA), which was adopted in 2015, is a significant step taken in the area of non-proliferation. The Plan demonstrated that even the toughest challenges could be resolved through negotiations. All periodic reports of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), mandated to monitor the implementation of the deal in accordance with the United Nations Security Council Resolution 2231, confirm Iran’s compliance with the deal. We thus consider the decision of the US to withdraw from the JCPoA as an unfortunate step... The JCPoA should be preserved and implemented fully and without interruption, in a transparent manner and under the monitoring of the IAEA.
—Ministry of Foreign Affairs statement, May 8, 2018

The United Kingdom

What has been gained from the nuclear deal? Imagine all the mutually contaminating civil wars and internecine conflicts that rage across the Middle East today. Then turn the dial and add the possibility of a regional nuclear arms race triggered by Iran dashing for a bomb. That is the scenario which the agreement has helped to prevent.
—Boris Johnson, UK Foreign Minister, May 6, 2018

The [JCPOA] contributed to peace in the region…Iran has reduced its uranium stockpile by 95%, its centrifuges by two-thirds and as recently as February has been judged by the International Atomic Energy Authority to be in compliance with the JCPOA.

—Alistair Burt, UK Minister for the Middle East, May 8, 2018

 

April - May 2018: NPT Preparatory Committee:

Argentina

 

The agreement reached through the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) between the EU 3 and 3 and the Islamic Republic of Iran regarding nuclear development for peaceful uses implies a remarkable step forward in the process of dialogue towards non-proliferation and international   security. This is a   highly sensible matter which has concluded more than 10 years of work. The concrete progress achieved are a step forward in the search for a comprehensive solution on Iran ́s nuclear programmer and a concrete and positive contribution to non-proliferation and international security. This Agreement preserves the principle that any violation of the NPT will not be accepted by the international community. In this regard, we reaffirm the intrinsic value of the peaceful settlement of controversies through dialogue and diplomacy as tools to reach an enduring solution. To this end, the active cooperation among all parties is essential to ensure the effective implementation of this comprehensive and complex agreement.

April 27, 2018

 

Australia

 

In relation to Iran, in our view it is in the interests of the international community for all parties to adhere to their commitments under the Joint Comprehensive Program of Action(JCPOA).  The JCPOA remains the best available mechanism to assure the international community of Iran’s commitment to conducting an entirely peaceful nuclear program.

April 23, 2018

 

Austria

 

The example of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action of 2015 regarding the Iranian nuclear programme demonstrates that a negotiating approach actually bears fruit. Now it is imperative that all parties to the JCPOA continue to implement what has been the most significant achievement in the area of nuclear non-proliferation for many years. The JCPOA can provide inspiration for a future settlement of the Korean situation, when the recent encouraging signals will have brought about real negotiations.

April 23, 2018 

 

Brazil

 

In this sense, we are particularly worried with signs that there is a possibility of reneging the commitments under the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action on the Iranian nuclear dossier. The JCPOA was approved by the UN Security Council and its implementation has been consistently certified by   the IAEA. Its unravelling would in our view directly affect the credibility of the multilateral system and instill doubts on its effectivity. Such a haphazard attitude towards these crucial issues could bode ill for the non-proliferation regime moving forward, as it defies the fundamental notion of a rules-based system.

Brazil, April 24, 2018

 

Bulgaria

 

The full implementation of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) by all parties is needed as a contribution to the regional peace and security and a way to assure the international community in the exclusively peaceful nature of Iran’s nuclear programme. We appeal to Iran to refrain from ballistic missile launches, inconsistent with the UNSCR 2231.

April 23, 2018

 

Canada

 

The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action agreed between the E3/EU+3 and Iran in 2015 constitutes an important element of the non-proliferation regime which, as long as it is fully implemented by Iran and verified by the IAEA helps to build the confidence of the international community that Iran’s nuclear program is exclusively peaceful in nature.

April 30, 2018

 

China

 

During the JCPOA implementation in the past two years, China has made in-depth participation, led the political direction and promoted implementation process. Under the current situation, we would continue our objective, impartial and responsible attitude and preserve the JCPOA together with all relevant sides.

Fu Cong, Chinese Ambassador for Disarmament Affairs, April 23, 2018

 

Czech Republic

 

The Czech Republic therefore welcomed conclusion of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) and supported its implementation by a voluntary contribution. According to our standpoint, the JCPOA together with UNSC resolution 2231 represents a well-suited product of effective multilateral diplomacy and a unique asset in the area of non-proliferation. Indeed, it can also serve as a precedent worth repeating should a window of opportunity to resolve a long-standing proliferation crisis appear.

April 30, 2018

 

Estonia

 

The continued full and effective implementation of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) between the E3/EU+3 and Iran is of utmost importance and a key element of the nuclear non-proliferation global architecture and crucial for the security of the region and beyond. This is a multilateral, successful endeavor, concluded in full conformity with the principles of the NPT. My country remains committed to supporting the JCPOA and its full implementation, as verified by the IAEA. 

Andre Pung, Estonian Permanent Representative to the United Nations and Other International Organizations, April 24, 2018

 

Finland

 

The JCPOA, agreement between the international community and Iran, is an important contribution to nuclear non-proliferation. Moreover, it is proof that there are ways to work together, despite our different standpoints. We urge all parties to live up to their commitments and to continue to implement the JCPOA fully.

Jarmo Viinanen, Finnish Head of Delegation to the NPT Preparatory Committee, April 23, 2018

 

France

 

The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) concluded with Iran is a robust non-proliferation agreement and an asset for international peace and security. It needs to be preserved and continue to be strictly implemented by all parties, under rigorous IAEA supervision. However, France is deeply concerned by the rapid development, both in number and in quality, of the Iranian ballistic programme, and by the transfer of missiles towards other countries and non-State actors in the region. Iran must cease such activities and comply with all relevant UN Security Council resolutions … Concerning  the JCPOA, we call upon all parties to preserve this essential instrument and implement it as rigorously and transparently as possible, under strict IAEA supervision.

Alice Guitton, French Permanent Representative to the Conference on Disarmament, April 23, 2018

 

Germany

 

The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action agreed between the E3/EU+3 and Iran shows that it is possible to arrive at comprehensive diplomatic solutions for major nuclear proliferation crises. The JCPoA ensures that Iran’s nuclear programme can only serve peaceful purposes based on tight restrictions of Iran’s nuclear programme as well as the strictest IAEA monitoring and verification regime in the world. Germany stands firmly committed to the preservation and continued full and effective implementation of the JCPoA by all participants.

Susanne Baumann, German Deputy Government Commissioner for Disarmament and Arms Control, April 23, 2018

 

Hungary

 

In our view the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action aimed at ensuring the exclusively peaceful nature of Ian’s [sic] nuclear program is in full conformity with the principles of the NPT and creates a positive example for resolving controversial questions within the broader framework of the Treaty. Therefore we support the preservation of the JCPOA and its continued and full implementation of the [sic] by all sides.

György Molnár, Hungarian Special Representative for Arms Control, Disarmament and Non-Proliferation, April 24, 2018

 

Ireland

 

Ireland believes the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) agreed by the E3+3 and Iran is a hugely significant non-proliferation agreement. It demonstrated what can be achieved through effective multilateral diplomacy and we call on all parties to implement all parts of the deal fully and effectively, for we all have a stake in supporting its success. In this regard we are pleased to announce that Ireland will contribute another €20,000 towards the IAEA’s monitoring and verification activities in Iran.

—Jenny Quinn, Irish Disarmament and Non-Proliferation Head, April 27, 2018

 

Italy

 

In the context of the international efforts aimed at enhancing mutual confidence and strengthening the overall non-proliferation architecture, the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPoA) between the E3/EU+3 and Iran is an historic diplomatic success. Italy highly values it and welcomes the successive confirmation by IAEA of Iran’s continued compliance with its provisions. We believe that the international community should continue to take every action to ensure that the JCPoA continues to provide benefits for all and remains a success story. The full implementation of the JCPoA and of all provisions of UN Security Council Resolution 2231 can foster international and regional security.  

Gianfranco Incarnato, Italian Director-General for Political Affairs, April 23, 2018

 

Japan

 

The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) contributes to strengthening the international non-proliferation regime centered on the NPT. Its continued and full implementation is important. We expect that the issue of ballistic missiles of Iran will be solved through the consultations among related countries.

Taro Kono, Japanese Foreign Minister, April 24, 2018

 

Kazakhstan

 

Hence, we should bring political trust and a systemic dialogue back to the international affairs. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) may serve as a good example. The Iran nuclear deal has demonstrated a possibility for successful multilateral diplomacy in the sphere of non-proliferation.

April 24, 2018

 

Latvia

 

In recent years international efforts in the field of non-proliferation have brought some tangible results. We have to acknowledge the continued relevance of the JCPOA. It is crucial that all parties maintain a constructive and balanced approach to fully implement the deal, while addressing concerns raised outside the JCPOA.

April 24, 2018

 

Lithuania

 

On an affirmative note, the implementation of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) on Iran is testament to the determination of the international community to ensure NPT commitments are respected and upheld. Lithuania continues to view the JCPOA as a long-term comprehensive solution to the Iranian nuclear program.

April 24, 2018

 

Malaysia

 

To date, the ongoing implementation of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) between Iran and the P5+1 on Iran's nuclear programme is an example of the successful implementation of safeguards and verification. The JCPOA highlights the importance of IAEA safeguards as a fundamental component to nuclear non-proliferation as well as its indispensable role in the implementation of the NPT. Malaysia believes that such mechanisms should be retained or further improved to ensure States remain in full compliance with their safeguards obligations, thus boosting confidence among the international community.

—Amir Hamzah Mohd Nasir, Malaysian First Secretary of the Mission to the UN, April 30, 2018

 

Namibia

 

Namibia further wishes to reiterate its support for the Joint Plan of Action (JCPOA), between the Islamic Republic of Iran and the E3/EU+3. We call upon the parties to this agreement to honour their responsibility by abiding to the latter and spirit of the JCPOA.

Sabine Bohlke-Moller, Namibian Permanent Representative to the UN, April 24, 2018

 

The Netherlands

 

A clear example of the importance of strong nuclear verification is the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action. With the JCPOA Iran is – in the words of the IAEA – subject to the world’s most robust verification regime. In its ten reports since Implementation Day, the IAEA has confirmed that it has been able to verify Iran’s nuclear-related obligations under the JCPOA. The Netherlands firmly believes the JCPOA represents a significant gain for nuclear verification in Iran and urges all parties to continue to fully implement the JCPOA’s provisions. 

—Robbert Gabriëlse, Dutch Permanent Representative to the Conference on Disarmament, April 27, 2018

 

New Zealand

 

New Zealand views the JCPOA as a truly critical agreement that has made and continues to make a vital contribution to regional peace and security. We all have a stake in the faithful implementation, and success, of the JCPOA and so we are pleased to announce that New Zealand will contribute another NZD 115,000 towards the IAEA’s monitoring and verification activities in Iran.

—Tharron McIvor, New Zealand Deputy Permanent Representative to the UN, April 30, 2018

 

Non-Proliferation and Disarmament Initiative

 

The NPDI is committed to the further successful implementation of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) with Iran, which demonstrates concretely that diplomacy can successfully advance NPT objectives when supported by a broad international consensus. Continued strict implementation of the JCPOA by all sides, based on full respect for the NPT, will ensure the exclusively peaceful nature of Iran's nuclear program. We welcome the International Atomic Energy Agency's (IAEA) continued activities to monitor and verify Iran's implementation of its JCPOA commitment.

April 23, 2018

 

Nordic Countries

 

The JCPOA shows that it is possible to achieve consensus, even when the point of departure is difficult. The Nordic countries fully support the JCPOA and encourage all parties to live up to their commitments and obligations. We highly value the IAEA’s role in monitoring and verifying the implementation of the JCPOA, and have provided also financial support for these activities. Sustained implementation of the agreement is necessary to maintain and strengthen the global non-proliferation regime.

April 23, 2018

 

Norway

 

A world without nuclear weapons cannot be achieved without a credible and robust non-proliferation regime. We must resolve the current threat to the regime posed by the DPRK and preserve the JCPOA.

April 24, 2018

 

Philippines

 

The Philippines believes that any effort to undermine the JCPOA will have serious repercussions on   the 2020 Revcon. The Philippines commends the P5+1 and Iran for their efforts, and hopes that the process will continue to serve as a model of how multilateralism can shape solutions that work. We also commend the IAEA for its role in this regard.

Maria Cleofe Natividad, Filipino Resident Representative to the IAEA, April 24, 2018

 

Poland

 

The full implementation of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) by all parties is necessary as a contribution to regional peace and security. In our view the JCPOA remains the best available mechanism to assure international community the civilian nature of the Iran's nuclear program. In this regard we welcome the IAEA efforts to strictly monitor and verify Iran’s commitments.

April 30, 2018

 

Romania

 

Romania welcomes the work done by the IAEA in monitoring the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) based on a robust technical mechanism. The continuation of the full and rigorous implementation of the Plan of Action, based on the letter and spirit of the UN Security Council Resolution 2231 will foster the regional and international security and will build trust among parties.

Adrian Vierița, Romanian Permanent Representative at the Preparatory Committee for the 2020 Review Conference of the Parties to the NPT, April 24, 2018

 

Russia

 

The IAEA on a regular basis confirms Iran’s full compliance with its relevant obligations. The JCPOA is quite a fragile compromise. Any deviation from its general philosophy or breach of non-compliance with its provisions as well as any attempts to amend its text for someone’s benefit will inevitably affect the global non-proliferation regime and have a powerful negative consequences [sic] for regional and global stability and security.

Vladimir Yermakov, Russian deputy head of the Department for Non-proliferation, April 24, 2018

 

Singapore

 

The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) has been implemented for more than two years. The IAEA has verified that Iran has been implementing its nuclear-related commitments. We also welcome Iran’s continued provisional application of the Additional Protocol to its Safeguards Agreement, pending its entry into force. The unravelling of the JCPOA will undermine the nuclear non-proliferation regime and multilateralism more broadly. We urge all relevant parties to remain committed to the JCPOA, and to continue honouring their undertakings under the JCPOA.

Foo Kok Jwee, Singaporean Permanent Representative to the United Nations and Other International Organizations, April 24, 2018

 

Slovakia

 

Slovakia supports the continued implementation of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), endorsed by UN Security Council Resolution 2231, and welcomes progress achieved so far. We underline the need to continue ensuring full and effective implementation throughout the entire lifetime of the deal. 

Juraj Podhorský, Slovakian Permanent Representative to the United Nations Office and Other International Organisations, April 24, 2018

 

Slovenia

 

We commend the role of the IAEA in ensuring Iran's on-going implementation of its commitments under the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action. The JCPoA clearly shows that even the most difficult issues can be resolved by diplomatic and peaceful means. Slovenia therefore counts on continued compliance with the nuclear deal by all sides. This is essential to ensure international confidence in the exclusively peaceful nature of the Iranian nuclear programme.

April 23, 2018

 

South Africa

 

South Africa welcomes the progress made towards the implementation of the JCPOA with Iran. In this regard, we call on all the parties involved to continue fulfilling their obligations under the agreement.

April 24, 2018

 

Sweden

 

Meanwhile, the JCPOA faces profound challenges. Sweden, together with the EU, remains firm in its support to the agreement and expects all parties to continue to fully implement it. A failure in this regard would be seriously detrimental in many ways, including for the global disarmament and non-proliferation regime. As the IAEA confirms by applying its most intrusive safeguards ever, Iran continues to fulfill its nuclear obligations under the agreement. As long as that is the case, the JCPOA effectively curtails Iran’s ability to develop nuclear weapons. Iran’s role in the region and missile activities are clearly a matter of concern, the latter indeed inconsistent with the UNSCR 2231. They should be addressed separately and not at the expense of the JCPOA.

Carl Magnus Eriksson, Swedish deputy head of the Department for Disarmament and Non-Proliferation, April 24, 2018

 

Switzerland

 

With the implementation of the agreement on Iran’s nuclear programme (JCPOA), the IAEA has undertaken thorough and intense verification, demonstrating that the nuclear-related provisions of the agreement are being fulfilled. Despite this, the agreement has come under stress. Switzerland encourages all parties involved to continue to fully honour their obligations under the JCPOA and to refrain from any actions that would run counter to this agreement. 

—Sabrina Dallafior, Swiss Permanent Representative to the Conference on Disarmament, April 25, 2018

 

Thailand

 

The JCPOA is one good example of commitment under non-proliferation obligations which could be achieved through political and diplomatic efforts. The implementation of the JCPOA provides assurance to the global community and contributes to strengthening of non-proliferation architecture. Thailand fully supports the JCPOA and the world of the IAEA in this regard and urges all parties concerned to continue its implementation in good faith.

—Morakot Sriswasdi, Thai Deputy Director-General of the Department of International Organizations, April 30, 2018

 

Turkey

 

The agreement on the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action is a significant diplomatic achievement for peace and stability not only for the region but also on a global scale. It testifies to the continued relevance not only of the NPT, but also of the practice of solving disagreements through diplomatic means. It is noteworthy that all reports of the International Atomic Energy Agency confirm Iran’s compliance.  The Plan has been successful and it should be preserved. We are concerned about the ongoing uncertainty regarding the future of the JCPoA.

April 23, 2018

 

The United Kingdom

 

The NPT enables strong action to prevent proliferation, as demonstrated by the negotiation of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action. Since Implementation Day on16 January 2016, the UK has worked with our partners in the Joint Commission to ensure the plan’s success and we expect all parties to continue to implement the deal in full.

April 24, 2018

 

 

Zimbabwe

 

My delegation wishes to point out that the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action between the Islamic Republic of Iran and the EU plus 3 has demonstrated the enormous potential and possibilities that international cooperation, dialogue and patient diplomacy can bring about, in the peaceful conduct of relations between and among states.
April 30, 2018

 

April 2018: General

France, Germany and the United Kingdom

It is the US’s and Europe’s interest to prevent nuclear proliferation in a volatile region and to maintain the transatlantic partnership as a reliable and credible driving force of world politics. We are open to dialogue on the best ways to tackle these challenges together. But let us be clear: if the deal breaks down, it will well-nigh be impossible to assemble another grand coalition built around sanctions against Iran. We must preserve what took us a decade to achieve and has proven to be effective.
—500 French, British and German Members of Parliament, April 19, 2018

March 2018: General

China

As for whether the nuclear deal with Iran will be impacted, we believe that the Iranian nuclear deal is an important one reached by the P5+1 and Iran, accompanied by the strenuous efforts of the international community. It stands as a model of the international community working together to resolve the non-proliferation issue through political dialogues. We hope that all relevant parties could continue to implement this deal strictly and faithfully, since it meets the international non-proliferation endeavor and the common interests of the international community.
Lu Kang, Chinese Foreign Ministry Spokesperson, March 14, 2018

European Union

All parties recommitted to the full implementation of the agreement...It’s, for us, a matter of security for Europe and for the rest of the world…I think the main message today would be this: keep the course on the full implementation of the nuclear deal, and separately, address regional issues, including issues related to the ballistic missiles on which the European Union has always had a very clear position.
Federica Mogherini, High Representative of the EU for Foreign Policy and Security Policy, March 19, 2018

France

Today they're complying with it; they must carry on complying with it. I think I heard commitments from President Rouhani in this respect. He's very committed to the agreement, which he regarded as a historic agreement. It's important for the sake of the world's security for it to be maintained.
Jean-Yves Le Drian, French Foreign Minister, March 9, 2018

I had the opportunity to convey France's pressing concerns about these two issues [Iran’s involvement in regional conflicts and its ballistic missile program]. There again, there's a lot of work to do. On the other hand, we fully concur on the Vienna agreement nuclear treaty, and we've also shown this, because we've abolished our sanctions and allowed trade relations between France and Iran to resume. So we must do everything to ensure that the agreement, which is historic, can hold.
Jean-Yves Le Drian, French Foreign Minister, March 6, 2018

The French President reaffirmed to President Rouhani France's commitment to the Vienna agreement of 14 July 2015 on the nuclear programme, and to its strict implementation. He reiterated France's demands about problems which are not covered under the agreement but demand clear responses from Iran, in particular concerns linked to Iran's ballistic programme and regional security issues, particularly in Lebanon.
Emmanuel Macron, French President, March 4, 2018

February 2018: General

Austria

Austria is fully committed not only to the letter but also to the spirit of the agreement and is doing its very best to make sure that the lifting of nuclear related sanctions has a positive impact on trade and economic relations with Iran, including benefits for the Iranian people through inclusive growth…We are painfully aware that the JCPOA has reached a critical juncture. So far the JCPOA has fulfilled its non-proliferation objective and this exclusive non-proliferation focus of the agreement should not be diluted.
Stefan Scholz, Austrian Ambassador to Iran, February 28, 2018

European Union

So for us, the first thing to do is to make sure this country doesn’t have nuclear weapons. That’s what the deal did and does in our view, and it is working…because you’re our friend and ally and we want to work with you. But we will not do anything which jeopardizes the deal, which is absolutely fundamental to Europe’s national security…We will not renegotiate the deal, and we will not do anything which in our view puts the deal in jeopardy.
David O’Sullivan, EU Ambassador to the United States, February 26, 2018

China

China fully supports the JCPOA on the Iranian nuclear program and believes that all interested countries should cooperate to ensure the implementation of the agreements reached.
Wang Yi, Chinese Foreign Minister, February 8, 2018

Germany

We have achieved a lot by signing an agreement with Iran. We acted together on a single frontier, and we advise our American friends not to leave the joint plan, but to cooperate in order to prevent Iran’s growing influence in the region.
Sigmar Gabriel, German Foreign Minister, February 17, 2018

Netherlands

[The JCPOA] is a case of countries taking responsibility. This is a case of verification instruments doing their vital work. Results like these aren’t achieved overnight. They require perseverance. The Netherlands is one of the countries that continues to press for multilateral agreements on disarmament and non-proliferation. In the case of both weapons of mass destruction and conventional weapons. Even in difficult situations, when a successful outcome seems a long way off. Again, failure is truly not an option.
Sigrid Kaag, Dutch Foreign Minister, February 26, 2018

Russia

The parties [Russia and Iran] are committed to the consistent implementation of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) for Iran’s nuclear program, which is important for maintaining global peace and stability.
Vladimir Putin, Russian President, February 6, 2018

Spain

Cementing relations with Iran is very important for Spain and the European Union member states, and we can strengthen our relations through continuation of the JCPOA. [. . .] We believe that all countries should work hard to establish peace, security and stability in the region, and in this regard, any arms race must be prevented.
Alfonso Dastis, Spanish Foreign Minister, February 21, 2018

January 2018: General

China

China believes that the JCPOA is an important outcome of multilateralism and a model of resolving international hot-spot issues through political and diplomatic efforts. Ensuring the thorough implementation of the JCPOA is of great significance and relevance to upholding the peace and stability of the Middle East and the international non-proliferation regime and serves the fundamental interests of all relevant parties. In light of the latest development, we hope that all parties could cherish the deal even more, bear in mind the larger and long-term picture, steady their political will, properly manage differences, and continue with their comprehensive and effective implementation of the deal.

Lu Kang, Chinese Foreign Ministry Spokesperson, January 15, 2018

The European Union

The deal is working; it is delivering on its main goal, which means keeping the Iranian nuclear programme in check and under close surveillance.... The agreement has allowed for deeper cooperation and continuous dialogue with Iran on all issues. While we have expressed concerns related to other issues, such as development of ballistic missiles and increasing tensions in the region, these issues are outside the scope of the nuclear agreement and are and will be addressed in the relevant formats and fora.... [T]he unity of the international community is essential to preserve a deal that is working, that is making the world safer and that is preventing a potential nuclear arms race in the region.
—Federica Mogherini, High Representative of the EU for Foreign Policy and Security Policy, January 11, 2018

France

All parties should uphold the deal. It is also necessary that our US allies do the same and should be seen doing the same.
—Jean-Yves Le Drian, French Foreign Minister, January 11, 2018

[The] JCPoA ... remains the biggest diplomatic achievement of the last decade and a cornerstone of regional and international stability. The full implementation of this agreement is absolutely vital while we are facing many security and non-proliferation challenges in the region and beyond.
—Francois Delattre, Permanent Representative of France to the United Nations, January 5, 2018

Germany

[Pulling out of the JCPOA] would send a very dangerous signal to the rest of the world if the only agreement which prevents us from the proliferation of nuclear weapons would be negatively affected.
—Sigmar Gabriel, German Foreign Minister, January 11, 2018

It is absolutely necessary to have this [agreement] to prevent the development of nuclear weapons at a time when other parts of the world are discussing how to get them.
—Sigmar Gabriel, German Foreign Minister, January 11, 2018

Russia

We are confident that the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) for the Iranian nuclear programme is among the international community’s most important achievements toward stabilising the situation in the Middle East, confirming the unacceptability of undermining the WMD non-proliferation arrangement.... Ever since the first doubts were raised in Washington about the desirability of preserving the JCPOA, we have repeatedly, together with the Chinese and European signatories, conveyed to Washington our convictions about the detrimental nature of this step and its unpredictable consequences.
—Sergey Lavrov, Russian Foreign Minister, January 15, 2018

Sweden

Sweden and the European Union are very clear on our full support for the agreement. Its continued implementation is of crucial importance. The agreement is ensuring the exclusively peaceful nature of the Iranian nuclear programme, which contributes to stability in the region and beyond. It significantly contributes to strengthening the global non-proliferation architecture.
—Irina Schoulgin Nyoni, Deputy Permanent Representative of Sweden to the United Nations, January 5, 2018

The United Kingdom

The government in London fully supports the British firms which interact with Iran, and Britain is fully committed to the success of the nuclear deal and this position has not changed…We are witnessing a steady growth in trade and contacts between the Iranian and British banks and we expect more progress too.
Nicholos Hopton, British Ambassador to Iran, January 30, 2018

I don’t think anybody has so far produced a better alternative to the JCPoA as a way of preventing the Iranians from going ahead with their acquisition of a nuclear capability.... [I]t is also clearly important to build worldwide support for this deal and that Iran should be able to show, as my colleagues have said, that it is a good neighbour in the region. That’s why it’s legitimate and right that we should, in parallel [to the JCPoA], focus on what Iran can do to resolve the appalling crisis in Yemen, to help push forward a peace in Syria and to help resolve other questions in the region.
—Boris Johnson, UK Foreign Minister, January 11, 2018

The United Kingdom remains fully committed to the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action. It is one of the international community’s greatest successes in recent memory. We welcome Iran’s compliance with its nuclear commitments. We encourage all Member States to uphold their commitments so the Iranian people see the tangible benefits of this deal.
—Matthew Rycroft, Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom to the United Nations, January 5, 2018

December 2017: General

The European Union

The deal with Iran is ensuring the peaceful nature of Iran's nuclear programme. This is vital for our collective security – in the European Union, in the region and beyond.... Dismantling a nuclear agreement that is working would not put us in a better position to discuss [our other concerns with Iran's behavior] – the contrary would happen.
—Federica Mogherini, High Representative of the EU for Foreign Policy and Security Policy, December, 12, 2017

I have reaffirmed the European Union view that continued implementation of the Iran nuclear deal is a key strategic priority for European security but also for regional and global security.
—Federica Mogherini, High Representative of the EU for Foreign Policy and Security Policy, December 5, 2017 

France

[The JCPOA's] adoption, endorsed by the Security Council in resolution 2231 (2015), has enabled us to respond robustly to a major proliferation crisis. It ensures that the Iranian nuclear programme will not be used for military purposes for more than 10 years. It is a key step both for our international non-proliferation efforts and for international peace and security.... All the parties to the agreement must abide by it in the interests of the international community, which has other proliferation crises to deal with, and because respect for commitments voluntarily entered into is a fundamental element of international relations.... The Council deals regularly with the North Korean and Syrian dossiers and the immense and serious challenges of the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. The case of Iran represents confirmation that the will of the international community, expressed through pragmatic and realistic multilateralism, can lead to solutions.
—Francois Delattre, Permanent Representative of France to the United Nations, December 19, 2017

November 2017: General

The European Union

The European Union will make sure [the JCPOA] will continue to be fully implemented by all, in all its parts.
—Federica Mogherini, High Representative of the EU for Foreign Policy and Security Policy, November 10, 2017

For us, it is very important to keep the nuclear agreement as it is -renegotiation is not possible in our view and you do not change an agreement that is delivering.
—Federica Mogherini, High Representative of the EU for Foreign Policy and Security Policy, November 8, 2017

The nuclear agreement with Iran is working: it has ensured that Iran’s nuclear program is and will remain exclusively peaceful. Everyone who cares about our common security — Europe, the U.S., and friends and partners in the Middle East — should work to preserve the nuclear deal with Iran.
—Federica Mogherini, High Representative of the EU for Foreign Policy and Security Policy, November 7, 2017

France

I do believe that the [nuclear] deal, the JCPOA, [negotiated by the E.U., U.S., and the U.N.] concluded in July 2015 is the best possible deal regarding Iran. And once again, I just said [to President Trump], ‘What’s your other option? What do you propose? If you want to stop any relation with Iran regarding nuclear activity, you will create a new North Korea.'"
—Emmanuel Macron, French President, November 9, 2017

The United Kingdom

The Iran nuclear deal makes the world safer, that’s why it is vital that the international community sticks to the deal.
—Boris Johnson, UK Foreign Minister, November 8, 2017

October 2017: General

The European Union

1. The JCPOA, the culmination of 12 years of diplomacy facilitated by the EU, unanimously endorsed by UN Security Council Resolution 2231, is a key element of the nuclear non-proliferation global architecture and crucial for the security of the region. Its successful implementation continues to ensure that Iran's nuclear programme remains exclusively peaceful. The EU underlines that the International Atomic Energy Agency has verified 8 times that Iran is implementing all its nuclear related commitments following a comprehensive and strict monitoring system.
2. The EU is committed to the continued full and effective implementation of all parts of the JCPOA. The EU underlines that the lifting of nuclear related sanctions has a positive impact on trade and economic relations with Iran including benefits for the Iranian people. It strengthens cooperation and allows for continuous dialogue with Iran.
3. The European Union considers President Trump's decision not to certify Iran's compliance with the Joint Comprehensive plan of action (JCPOA) as being in the context of an internal US process. The EU encourages the US to maintain its commitment to the JCPOA and to consider the implications for the security of the US, its partners and the region before taking further steps.
4. While the EU expresses its concerns related to ballistic missiles and increasing tensions in the region, it reiterates the need to address them outside the JCPOA, in the relevant formats and fora . The EU stands ready to actively promote and support initiatives to ensure a more stable, peaceful and secure regional environment.
5. At a time of acute nuclear threat the EU is determined to preserve the JCPOA as a key pillar of the international non-proliferation architecture.
—28 Foreign Ministers of EU states, October 16, 2017

We cannot afford as the international community to dismantle a nuclear agreement that is working....This deal is not a bilateral agreement ... The international community, and the European Union with it, has clearly indicated that the deal is, and will, continue to be in place.
—Federica Mogherini, High Representative of the EU for Foreign Policy and Security Policy, October 13, 2017

France, Germany and the United Kingdom

We stand committed to the JCPOA and its full implementation by all sides. Preserving the JCPOA is in our shared national security interest. The nuclear deal was the culmination of 13 years of diplomacy and was a major step towards ensuring that Iran’s nuclear programme is not diverted for military purposes. The JCPOA was unanimously endorsed by the UN Security Council in Resolution 2231. The International Atomic Energy Agency has repeatedly confirmed Iran’s compliance with the JCPOA through its long-term verification and monitoring programme. Therefore, we encourage the US Administration and Congress to consider the implications to the security of the US and its allies before taking any steps that might undermine the JCPOA, such as re-imposing sanctions on Iran lifted under the agreement. At the same time as we work to preserve the JCPOA, we share concerns about Iran’s ballistic missile programme and regional activities that also affect our European security interests. We stand ready to take further appropriate measures to address these issues in close cooperation with the US and all relevant partners. We look to Iran to engage in constructive dialogue to stop de-stabilising actions and work towards negotiated solutions. Our governments are committed to ensuring the JCPOA is maintained. Independent of the JCPOA, we need to make sure that our collective wider concerns are being addressed.
— Theresa May, UK Prime Minister; Angela Merkel, German Chancellor; Emmanuel Macron, French President, October 13, 2017

Germany

We believe this agreement is an important instrument to prevent a nuclear-armed Iran... If ... an important country like the United States comes to a different conclusion as appears to be the case, we will work even harder with other partners to maintain this cohesion.
— Steffen Seibert, German government spokesman, October 13, 2017

It’s imperative that Europe sticks together on this issue.... We also have to tell the Americans that their behavior on the Iran issue will drive us Europeans into a common position with Russia and China against the USA.
—Sigmar Gabriel, German Foreign Minister, October 12, 2017

Ireland

I believe that diplomacy, coupled with determination, has proved effective in addressing what often seem to be the most intractable of challenges. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), which was negotiated with the aim of addressing the Iranian nuclear programme, shows us that this is possible. Ireland fully supports this agreement and urges all parties to demonstrate their support for its full implementation. I join with the EU’s High Representative Federica Mogherini in calling on the US Congress to maintain its commitment to the agreement as a key pillar of the non-proliferation architecture. We also call on Iran to demonstrate its commitment to the JCPOA by ceasing all activities related to ballistic missiles which are not in keeping with the spirit of the agreement.
—Simon Conveney, Irish Minster for Foreign Affairs and Trade, October 18, 2017

Pakistan

It will not really serve anyone to sever [the deal with Iran]... You settle disputes by talking and communicating your differences. This is more constructive than just abandoning the agreement.
—Khawaja Asif, Pakistan's Foreign Minister, October 5, 2017

Russia

We hear signals from the White House regarding President Trump's intentions to take a final decision on whether to continue to participate in the agreement on the settlement of the Iranian nuclear program. We believe that this program is one of the most important achievements of the international community. This program makes its implementation a real contribution to strengthening the nuclear non-proliferation regime and it would be very important to keep it.
—Sergey Lavrov, Russian Foreign Minister, October 6, 2017

The United Kingdom

The nuclear deal was a crucial agreement that neutralised Iran’s nuclear threat. The UK supports the deal and stresses the importance of all parties continuing to uphold their commitments. We have made no bones about our deep concern at Iran’s destabilising regional activity, including its ballistic missile programme, but I remain steadfast in my view that the nuclear deal was an historic achievement that has undoubtedly made the world a safer place. It was the culmination of 13 years of painstaking diplomacy and has increased security, both in the region and in the UK. It is these security implications that we continue to encourage the US to consider.
—Boris Johnson, UK Foreign Secretary, October 11, 2017

September-October 2017: UN General Assembly

Afghanistan

Nuclear weapons proliferation is a pressing issue the world faces, and we must unite multilaterally to act against the threat of nuclearization to global peace and security. In this regard, Afghanistan maintains its position regarding the P5+1 and Iran's Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, and believes that the commitment of all parties to the agreement and its implementation is crucial.
—Mahmoud Saikal, Permanent Representative of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan to the United Nations, October 10, 2017

Albania

For multilateralism to be effective, we should engage to keep working on the peaceful solutions already achieved and comprehensively in place. Historic achievements of the diplomacy at work, as it is the case of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) endorsed by the UN Security Council, require the engagement of all parties in achieving its full implementation.
—Arben Idrizi, Deputy Permanent Representative of the Permanent Mission of the Republic of Albania to the United Nations, October 10, 2017

Australia

The JCPOA is an historic agreement that Australia supports. We would be concerned at any breakdown of the mechanism, especially in the absence of any viable alternative. Australia continues to encourage Iran and all parties to the JCPOA to carry on implementing and abiding by its terms.
—Gillian Bird, Permanent Representative of Australia to the United Nations, October 3, 2017

Austria

The JCPOA on the Iranian nuclear programme offers itself as a source of inspiration for a settlement of the Korean problem. The agreement with Tehran shows that untiring diplomacy still brings the best achievable results, even when dealing with the seemingly most untractable problems.
—Robert Gerschner, Director of the Disarmament Department in the Austrian Ministry for Europe, Integration and Foreign Affairs, October 3, 2017

In this regard, we welcomed the Vienna Agreement that placed Iran's nuclear activities under international observation. Undermining this agreement would weaken efforts to achieve negotiated solutions for nuclear disputes.
—Sebastian Kurz, Federal Minister for Europe, Integration, and Foreign Affairs of Austria, September 19, 2017

Bangladesh

Bangladesh recognizes the continued critical importance of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action concluded between the Islamic Republic of Iran and five permanent members of the Security Council plus Germany in 2015.
October 13, 2017

Belgium

When faced with current challenges in non-proliferation, it is worth recalling that the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action with Iran demonstrates how seemingly irreconcilable differences can be overcome by the strength of multilateral diplomacy, when it is guided by a shared vision and underpinned by collective action. We wish to underline the importance of the continued implementation of this nuclear agreement by all sides.
—Jeroen Cooreman, Deputy Permanent Representative to the United Nations, October 4, 2017

Brazil

Brazil had always stressed that there was no alternative to a diplomatic, negotiated solution to the issues related to Iran's nuclear program. The successful implementation of the "Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action" is a vindication for diplomacy.
— Mauro Vieira, Permanent Representative of Brazil to the United Nations, October 3, 2017

Bulgaria

[N]uclear disarmament is only possible with the engagement of all states and it should be based on mutual trust. In this regard, we are convinced that the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) remains of historic significance and no efforts should be spared so that it be preserved. We encourage all parties to the JCPOA to continue to strictly abide by its terms.
—Lachezara Stoeva, Deputy Permanent Representative of Bulgaria to the United Nations, October 16, 2017

The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action on Iran's nuclear program concluded in July 2015 remains of historic significance. Its full implementation is of great importance for regional and global stability. My country reiterates its full support for Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action.
—Rumen Radev, President of Bulgaria, September 20, 2017

China

On the Iranian nuclear issue, China has firmly supported the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) and participated in its comprehensive and in-depth implementation....China will continue to take an objective, fair and responsible approach in working with other parties to uphold and implement JCPOA.
—Wang Quo, Director-General of the Arms Control Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of China, October 6, 2017

The European Union

The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), negotiated with regard to the Iranian nuclear programme, demonstrates that effective multilateralism and diplomacy in good faith can work and bring about results even to the most pressing proliferation crises. The EU reaffirms its longstanding support to the JCPOA, a robust agreement endorsed by UNSCR 2231, which must be rigorously implemented by all parties.
—Jacek Bylica, Special Envoy for Disarmament and Nonproliferation, October 2, 2017

[W]e also call on all concerned to uphold the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action with Iran as a multilateral deal that is delivering more security for us all.
—Donald Tusk, President of the European Council, September 20, 2017

Finland

The agreement between the international community and Iran, the JCPOA, is a major multilateral achievement in nuclear non-proliferation. We call on all parties to the JCPOA to continue implementing it in full.
— Jarmo Viinanen, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, October 13, 2017

We welcome the ongoing implementation of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action and call on all parties to the JCPOA to implement it in full.
— Ilkka Rentola, Deputy Director for Arms Control, Disarmament and Non-Proliferation Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland, October 5, 2017

France

It is also in this context that the agreement concluded with Iran on 16 January 2016 must continue to be strictly applied. France will continue to ensure that it is scrupulously implemented. The JCPOA is proof that a proliferation crisis can be managed by a robust, diplomatic, negotiated solution.
—Alice Guitton, Ambassador and Permanent Representative of France to the Conference on Disarmament, October 16, 2017

We put together a solid, robust and verifiable agreement with Iran that will ensure that Iran does not obtain nuclear weapons. Renouncing it would be a grave error. Not respecting the Iran Deal would be irresponsible because this is a good agreement that is essential to peace.... We must not cast aside the achievements we have made with previous agreements....Dialouge and multilateralism are the only ways forward.
—Emmanuel Macron, French President, September 19, 2017

Germany

It took us more than 10 years to find and negotiate a diplomatic solution fully addressing the many concerns about the exclusively peaceful nature of Iran’s nuclear program. The JCPOA finally agreed between the E3/EU+3 and Iran in 2015 has put an end to an imminent nuclear proliferation crisis and further strengthened the NPT. At this delicate moment we emphasize that strict implementation of the JCPOA by all sides remains key and that all decision makers should refrain from any action that might potentially jeopardize the JCPOA. Let us not put at risk the important progress for non-proliferation generated by the JCPOA.
—Michael Biontino, Permanent Representative of Germany to the Conference on Disarmament, October 12, 2017

The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action concluded between the E3+3 and Iran in 2015 shows that an imminent nuclear proliferation crisis can be settled by diplomatic means - on the basis of the NPT - provided there is political will. Today, Iran is subject to the most robust verification and monitoring regime in the world. We are satisfied that IAEA reports confirm that Iran is acting in compliance with the JCPOA. We should refrain from any action that might potentially jeopardize the progress made so far. Rather, we need to invest our efforts in ensuring the full and strict implementation of the JCPOA. Also, if we want to continue to settle other crises by diplomatic means, we need to do everything to honor our obligations arising from agreements that we have joined. In that sense, ensuring the continued success is a very high priority for Germany. We call upon all states to comply with all stipulations laid out in the JCPOA.
—Susanne Baumann, Deputy Commissioner for Disarmament and Arms Control, October 2, 2017

It is therefore more important than ever that the international architecture for arms control and disarmament does not crumble. Existing treaties and agreements must not be called into question. That applies in particular to the agreement on Iran's nuclear program. The agreement is a way out of the impasse of a nuclear confrontation which would jeopardize regional security and have an impact far beyond the region. But only if all obligations are rigorously adhered to and the agreed transparency is created, can the urgently needed confidence grow.... Germany will work within the E3+3 framework to ensure that the agreement is strictly implemented and upheld. This is not only about Iran. This is about the credibility of the international community. For which state would refrain from developing its own nuclear program if it turns out that negotiated agreements do not endure and confidence in agreements with the international community are not worth the paper they are written on?
—Sigmar Gabriel, German Foreign Minister, September 21, 2017

Hungary

In our view the JCPOA, also endorsed by the UN Security Council needs to be preserved because it is in full conformity with the principles of the NPT and creates a positive example for resolving controversial questions within the broader framework of the Treaty and the international non-proliferation machinery.
—Gyorgy Molnar, Special Representative of the Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade for Arms Control, Disarmament and Non-Proliferation, October 13, 2017

Indonesia

Indonesia encourages all parties to faithfully implement the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), and urges the international community to ensure a positive atmosphere for the implementation of the JCPOA.
—Dian Triansyah Djani, Permanent Representative of Indonesia to the United Nations, October 4, 2017

Ireland

Ireland also regards the nuclear deal with Iran as a key achievement for nonproliferation and an example of what can be achieved through painstaking diplomacy and negotiation. We have been pleased to support implementation of the JCPOA and welcome the IAEA's findings regarding ongoing implementation. We also call on Iran to implement strictly all provisions of UNSC resolution 2231 and refrain from any activity related to ballistic missiles designed to be capable of carrying nuclear weapons.
—Jackie O'Halloran, Director of Disarmament and Non-Proliferation, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, October 12, 2017

Italy

[W]e highly value the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) and we believe that the international community should continue to take every action to ensure that it remains a success story. We welcome the confirmation by the IAEA of Iran's continued compliance with the provisions of the JCPOA and we are committed to continuing to support the IAEA in its monitoring tasks.
— Vinicio Mati, Permanent Representative of Italy to the Conference on Disarmament, October 13, 2017

With reference to the Iranian nuclear file, we believe that the international community should assure that the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) remains a success story in the framework of global efforts to counter the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction.
—Paolo Gentiloni, Prime Minister of Italy, September 20, 2017

Kazakhstan

My country fully supports and strictly implements UNSC Resolution 2231, as it is crucial to ensure the proper implementation of the JCPOA (Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action). Kazakhstan attaches great importance to this historic agreement, which is reckoned at the momentous achievement of multilateral diplomacy in recent decades....Implementing the JCPOA has had a significant impact on normalizing the situation in the region and beyond. The Programme of Action will also have a positive effect on the revitalization of economic activities in the region. JCPOA was achieved as a result of intense prolonged negotiations. It is necessary to acknowledge that this agreement has put Iran on a nuclear-free path, with the IAEA confirming that Iran is fulfilling all its obligations.
—Yerbolat Sembayev, Ambassador-at-Large at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan, October 9, 2017

Luxembourg

We must do everything we can to calm the region [of the Middle East]. This also goes for maintaining and rigorously implementing the nuclear agreement with Iran, which helps reduce the risk of proliferation.... To achieve a real de-escalation [with North Korea], we must not close the door to diplomacy and dialogue. The agreement with Iran can serve as an inspiration in this regard. It demonstrates that an adequate policy, combining pressure and dialogue, can lead to results.
—Jean Asselborn, Minister for Foreign Affairs, September 21, 2017

The Netherlands

The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action reinforces the viability of the rules-based nonproliferation regime created by the NPT. It underlines the value of multilateral nuclear diplomacy. The Netherlands welcomes the ongoing implementation of the agreement and calls upon all parties to continue to adhere to their commitments under the JCPOA.
—Robbert Jan Gabriëlse, Permanent Representative of the Netherlands to the Conference on Disarmament, October 3, 2017

Norway

The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) shows that it is possible to achieve important results through diplomacy, even when the point of departure is difficult. It is essential that all parties live up to their commitments and obligations, and refrain from any action that undermines the integrity of the JCPOA.
—Atle Midttun, Director General of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, October 3, 2017

Poland

Let me mention... The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action(JCPOA), which seems to be the best deal we can have under the challenging circumstances. In our opinion it should remain in force despite the fact it is not perfect. It allows for robust verification measures as well as for decreasing the number of centrifuges and possibility to ship out of the country excessive stocks of low-enriched uranium (LEU). Hence, the JCPOA is contributing to de-escalation and stability.
—Marcin Wroblewski, Deputy Director of the Security Policy Department, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, October 16, 2017

Portugal

We believe that following today's announcement by the US President, our collective responsibility to preserve the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) on Iran's nuclear program must be particularly stressed. In 2015 Portugal welcomed the accomplishment of JCPOA, which resolved with political will and in good faith, a highly complex issue. No violations of any of the commitments contained in the Agreement have ever been reported, meaning that the deal has been serving its purposes. Therefore Portugal reaffirms its support to this historic Agreement and continues to strongly encourage its strict implementation by all parties, and the need to create conditions for monitoring Iran 's nuclear program after 2025.
—Cristina Pucarinho, Deputy Permanent Representative of Portugal to the United Nations, October 13, 2017

Portugal reaffirms its support to the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) on Iran’s nuclear program. It proved that highly complex issues can be resolved in good faith, through diplomacy, provided there is political will from all parties to do so. It should be ensured that this historic Agreement is strictly implemented by all parties and that conditions are met to continue monitoring Iran´s nuclear programme after 2025.
—Cristina Pucarinho, Deputy Permanent Representative of Portugal to the United Nations, October 9, 2017

Russia

The US President’s decision not to certify the implementation in good faith by Tehran of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action on the Iranian Nuclear Program is regretful. Instead of questioning the results of the JCPOA implementation all the effort should be exerted to realize fully its entire potential. This is our common interest. (unofficial translation)
—Mikhail Ulyanov, Ambassador and Head of the Russian Delegation, Director of Non-Proliferation and Arms Control, October 16, 2017

Today, the world is watching with alarm as the U.S. imposes yet a new set of restrictions against Iran which, on top of all, are exterritorial in nature and threaten the realization of Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action that became one of the key factors of international and regional stability.
—Sergey Lavrov, Russian Minister of Foreign Affairs, September 21, 2017

Spain

Spain welcomes the implementation of the nuclear agreement between the EU3+3 and Iran, which ensures the peaceful nature of the Iranian nuclear program. This agreement, endorsed through Resolution 2231, shows the ability of the international community to resolve a serious controversy through diplomatic means. We call on all parties to maintain it and implement it in full and in good faith. (unofficial translation)
October 12, 2017

We trust that rigorous compliance with the agreement with Iran will contribute to nuclear non-proliferation and peace in the region.
—Alfonso María Dastis Quecedo, Spanish Minister for Foreign Affairs, September 21, 2017

Sweden

In stark contrast to the DPRK situation, the JCPOA demonstrates the potential of multilateral diplomacy. Its full implementation is essential, as is the avoidance of any action undermining mutual trust.
—Eva Walder, Ambassador for Disarmament, October 3, 2017

Switzerland

While we note with satisfaction the implementation of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, the continued full and faithful adherence by all Parties is of primordial importance not only for regional stability but also for the credibility of the non-proliferation architecture. We urge all parties to abide by the agreement and carefully measure their actions to preserve this historic achievement.
—Sabrina Dallafior, Swiss Permanent Representative to the Conference on Disarmament, October 12, 2017

Turkey

Turkey appreciates the virtue of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA). The JCPOA stands before us as an example for the effectiveness and success of multilateral diplomacy in advancing the NPT's objectives.
—Rauf Alp Denktas, First Counselor at the Turkish Mission to the United Nations, October 9, 2017

The United Kingdom

The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action with Iran represents a major step forward in preventing Iran from developing a nuclear weapons capability. The UK is committed to the full and long-term implementation of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action by all parties.
—Matthew Rowland, UK Permanent Representative to the Conference on Disarmament, October 6, 2017

September 2017: IAEA General Conference

Australia

Meanwhile, Australia welcomes the Director General’s advice that Iran continues provisionally to apply its Additional Protocol and that it is cooperating with the Agency in implementing the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action.
— Ambassador Brendon Hammer, Governor and Permanent Representative to the IAEA, September 19, 2017

Austria

Austria attaches utmost importance to the ongoing implementation of the JCPOA and particularly to the crucial role of IAEA in verifying and monitoring the process.
— Michael Linhart, Deputy Foreign Minister, September 18, 2017

Canada

Canada thanks the EU and the P5+1 for their leadership in addressing unresolved questions and concerns regarding Iran's nuclear programme. Their efforts at dialogue with Iran led to the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action which has been implemented successfully since January 2016. Canada hopes that this will continue for the duration of the Agreement, and calls on Iran to allow the IAEA all of the access it requires to be able to provide assurances of the non-diversion of nuclear material and the absence of undeclared activities. Iran's ratification of its Additional Protocol, along with assiduous verification and detailed reporting by the Director General, will help establish confidence that Iran's nuclear activities are exclusively peaceful in nature.
— Kim Rudd, Parliamentary Secretary for Natural Resources, September 19, 2017

France

The Vienna agreement on Iran's nuclear programme is an essential element of the current non-proliferation regime, which France is determined to preserve. There is indeed no alternative to this agreement. This has to be clear. All the Iranian nuclear commitments must be implemented in a rigorous and transparent manner, on a sustained basis. The parties to the negotiations have a special responsibility in this regard. The role of the IAEA is also essential. France commends and reiterates its support for the work done by the Agency for its precise monitoring of all JCPOA sections, supported by a resolution of the U.N. Security Council. 
— Daniel Verwaerde, Chairman of the French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission, September 19, 2017

Germany

The Vienna Agreement between the E3+3 and Iran of July 2015, the JCPoA, is a great achievement for nuclear nonproliferation built on the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty. It has proven that diplomacy can solve political and security challenges of highest complexity. I commend the IAEA for its professional work in conducting comprehensive verification and monitoring of Iran's nuclear related commitments. This is the basis for ensuring that Iran's nuclear program can only serve peaceful purposes now and in the future, which is essential for building mutual trust and confidence. Iran needs to strictly abide by all its commitments under the Nuclear Agreement, and all parties should fulfill theirs in good faith. Germany is committed to the full and sustained implementation of the JCPoA. We have substantially contributed to the IAEA's activities under the JCPoA and the JPA, with more than 4 Mio. Euro of extra-budgetary funding, so far. And we are prepared to continue making substantial contributions in the future. We likewise encourage all Member States to ensure that the IAEA is able to conduct its long-term verification and monitoring mission.
— Thorsten Herdan, Director General of the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy, September 19 2017

Hungary

We believe that the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action between the E3/EU+3 and Iran creates a positive example for resolving controversial questions in accordance with the principles of the NPT. Hungary welcomes that the obligations are fulfilled so far, and considers the verification activities of the IAEA crucial throughout the implementation of the JCPOA.
— András Aradszki, Minister of State for Energy Affairs, Ministry of National Development, September 19, 2017

Japan

Japan supports the JCPOA and strongly hopes for its continued implementation, in which the IAEA plays a crucial monitoring and verification role. This month, Japan, in cooperation with the IAEA, will be providing safeguards training for Iran to facilitate the implementation of the JCPOA.
— Masaji Matsuyama, Minister of State, September 18, 2017

Russia

We support the Agency's Safeguards activities, including in the context of fulfilling obligations stipulated by the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA). Russia proceeds from the understanding that the JCPOA represents a honed balance of interests of the Parties involved in the process and must be strictly adhered to in its entirety.
— Alexey Likhachev, Director General of State Atomic Energy Corporation (Rosatom), September 18, 2017

The United Kingdom

We welcome the Director General’s reporting that confirms that Iran is adhering to its nuclear-related commitments as outlined in the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action. It is important for all parties to the Plan of Action to implement the agreement fully. Iran’s continued co-operation with the Agency is required, and Member States should assist with continued financial support for the Agency’s monitoring and verification activities.
— John Loughhead, Chief Scientific Adviser at the Department for Business, Energy, and Industrial Strategy, September 18, 2017

Turkey

Turkey is pleased to see that, the Director General’s reports on the JCPOA indicate Iran’s continued adherence to its nuclear commitments under the deal. Turkey expects uninterrupted and full implementation of the JCPOA, on the basis of transparency.
— Ambassador Birnur Fertekligil, September 19, 2017

September 2017: General

The European Union

This agreement is delivering on a very, very important objective, which is to ensure that Iran does not possess nuclear weapons. The view of the European Union is that this agreement is a success.... I can think of no regional issue that we have with Iran that would not be even more difficult to handle if Iran possessed nuclear weapons... the global community expects all parties that have signed up to the agreement to implement it and to do so fully.
—David O'Sullivan, EU Ambassador to the United States, September 25, 2017

The scope of the JCPOA [Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action], the scope of the nuclear deal is related to the nuclear program of Iran. There are other issues that are out of the scope of the agreement... and we are sticking to the point that the nuclear agreement is working, is delivering, it's functioning. I can share with you that the general sense that we shared tonight with the ministers, is that with the difficult times we are living in in the world of today - with quite a good number of conflicts, crises and a nuclear threat coming from a different part of the world - the international community cannot afford dismantling an agreement that is working and delivering.
—Federica Mogherini, High Representative of the EU for Foreign Policy and Security Policy, September 20, 2017

The Iran deal is a good and robust agreement that serves the interests of all parties. It is not an agreement between two countries — it is a commitment undertaken by the entire international community on one side and Iran on the other, supported by a resolution of the U.N. Security Council.
— Federica Mogherini, High Representative of the EU for Foreign Policy and Security Policy, September 16, 2017

France

There won’t be any reopening of the agreement. The agreement is working as it is.
— Gerard Araud, French Ambassador to the United States, September 25, 2017

I think that the outcome of this deal is that now we have the monitoring process with the international agency following the situation, and I think it is better than nothing. Why? Because if we stop with this deal ... if we just stop with the nuclear agreement, we will enter into a situation very similar to the North Korean situation.... We need this framework -- if we stop with this agreement, what do you propose, nothing?
— Emmanuel Macron, French President, September 19, 2017

It’s essential to maintain it [the JCPOA] to prevent a spiral of proliferation that would encourage hardliners in Iran to pursue nuclear weapons.
— Jean Yves Le Drian, French Foreign Minister, September 18, 2017

France doesn't support the reopening of the deal. It should be rigorously implemented as it is now. How many times should we repeat it? 
— Gerard Araud, French Ambassador to the United States, September 12, 2017 

Germany

What matters to us is that in the end, the Iran deal is not called into question, that it is being preserved. And we believe it is a deal worth preserving. It's robust, comprehensive and verifiable. And it's based on the strongest monitoring and verification regime in the world. It basically prevents Iran from getting a nuclear bomb in the foreseeable future. And it's a really - it's a plus for regional and global security. So we believe to walk away from that deal would be a mistake while Iran is complying. And the International Atomic Agency, as you know, has on seven occasions said that Iran is complying. So we will lose our credibility if we walk away from a deal where the agency says Iran is sticking to it.... And if the U.S. would decide to walk away, we believe it would unravel. Iran would probably be encouraged to resume its efforts for a nuclear bomb. It would increase the risk of nuclear arms race in the region....It would also weaken the global nonproliferation efforts. And let's not forget, there is sort of a link to North Korea here. It would send a message to countries like North Korea that diplomatic and political agreements are not reliable and cannot be trusted. And we would lose that tool to negotiate agreements with other countries like North Korea. So it would be, as we believe, a mistake to walk away from that agreement while Iran is still complying.... The whole of the European Union says that we should stick to the deal while Iran is complying. But at the same time, you know, the chancellor also made clear that we share concerns of the U.S. about the nefarious role of Iran in the region, about the missile testing, about, you know, human rights violations, et cetera. And we can discuss that. And I think we should tackle those challenges from Iran together but on the basis of honoring that deal.
—Peter Wittig, German Ambassador to the United States, September 29, 2017

We don’t think it will be possible to renegotiate it and we believe there is no practical, peaceful alternative to this deal... It is a plus for regional security, it is a plus for global security. It can’t be said enough...If the US will walk away from this agreement it would lose tools to monitor and inspect… and that would be a tremendous loss...That would affect our credibility in the West when we are not honoring an agreement that Iran has not violated.
—Peter Wittig, German Ambassador to the United States, September 25, 2017

I think it is important to put this discussion on the merits of the Iran deal in global context as I mentioned briefly in my introductory remarks....Whatever we do with Iran will have repercussions and we should not lose sight of the relationship to North Korea and what kind of message this sends to North Korea and our efforts to come to an arrangement on the North Korean nuclear threat...If we re-nege on the Iran deal, everything will be more complicated. I think that is the global context and current security threat context that we should never lose sight of.
—Peter Wittig, German Ambassador to the United States, September 25, 2017

Now we will all try to convince the Americans in the remaining weeks ... that calling the agreement into question will not increase security... What should motivate countries like North Korea or others to enter into negotiations in the future when the one example of such a deal is being destroyed?
—Sigmar Gabriel, German Foreign Minister, September 21, 2017

Russia

The situation regarding execution of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action on Iran’s nuclear program has been studied. The Russian side stated full execution by Iran of all its obligations, as well as IAEA [International Atomic Energy Agency] Director General who made this conclusion numerous times already.
—Sergey Lavrov, Russian Foreign Minister, September 13, 2017

The United Kingdom

We think we are more secure because of this deal and that’s why, as long as the Iranians continue to comply with it in the view of the [International Atomic Energy Agency], we will continue to support it....It is succeeding. We would say, let’s intensify the discussions [on Iran’s other actions], but let’s keep the JCPOA...These problems are on our doorstep. These issues matter to us and to our national security more than you could imagine.
—Kim Darroch, British Ambassador to the United States, September 25, 2017

[W]e in the UK feel that Iran – a country of 80 million people, many of them young and potentially liberal – could be won over. I think it is important they see there are benefits from the JCPOA, so we in the UK want that alive.
—Boris Johnson, British Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, September 14, 2017

August 2017

The European Union 

This was not an agreement between the two countries, I have repeated it time and again and I have the impression that we will need to repeat it time and again in the months to come... It was a commitment undertaken by the entire international community on one side and Iran on the other, supported by a resolution of the UN Security Council, and certified regularly by the International Atomic Energy Agency ... Two years on, compliance with the deal is certified by the IAEA and by the Joint Commission I chair with the strong support of Helga [Schmid, Mogherini's deputy], not by one single individual country. And we will have to repeat it time and again in these months to come everywhere we are, because again this is a matter of international security, international safety and also a matter of credibility of international agreements.
—Federica Mogherini, High Representative of the EU for Foreign Policy and Security Policy, August 28, 2017

France

There is no alternative to the regime on nuclear non-proliferation. In the context of what we are living through, the 2015 agreement is what allows us to establish a constructive and demanding dialogue with Iran.
—Emmanuel Macron, French President, August 30, 2017

Russia

Russia is currently working on persuading the US leadership to keep the … Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action... We are focusing our efforts … on convincing our partners in the US government that they need to fulfill their duties under Iran’s nuclear deal. 
—Sergey Ryabkov, Russian Deputy Foreign Minister, August 29, 2017

The United Kingdom

The British government... is fully committed to the JCPOA and to its successful implementation. We are working hard with all our partners and with Iran to make a success of JCPOA and we will continue to engage all our partners to that end.
—Nicholas Hopton, British Ambassador to Tehran, August 29, 2017

June 2017

Germany

We stand behind this agreement [the Iran Deal] and want to support all the parties in their efforts to fulfill it. As the Federal Republic of Germany and as Europeans we would oppose any attempts to call it into question. 
—Sigmar Gabriel, German Foreign Minister, June 27, 2017

May 2017: NPT Preparatory Committee Statements

At the 2017 Preparatory Committee meeting for the 2020 Review Conference of the nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) in May, more than 50 states expressed support for the continued implementation of the Iran Deal in their opening statements. The P5+1 members are listed first, followed by the remaining states in alphabetical order. 

The European Union (which led the P5+1 negotiations) and 10 additional European countries, Turkey, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Ukraine, Republic of Moldova, Georgia, and Andorra.

The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) between the E3/EU+3 and Iran demonstrates that it is possible to find peaceful and diplomatic solutions even to the most pressing proliferation challenges. This is a multilateral, successful endeavour, concluded in full conformity with the principles of the NPT and endorsed by the UN Security Council Resolution 2231. The EU remains committed to the JCPOA and this Resolution, welcomes progress made so far in its implementation, and underlines the need to continue ensuring full and effective implementation throughout the entire lifetime of the deal, as verified by the IAEA. We call on Iran to promptly ratify the Additional Protocol and refrain from activities such as ballistic missile tests, which are inconsistent with UN Security Council Resolution 2231.

France 

France welcomes the entry into force of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) on 16 January 2016. This agreement shows that the determination of the international community can contribute to finding appropriate diplomatic and peaceful solutions to proliferation crises.

Germany

Turning to the accomplishments of the non-proliferation pillar, substantial progress was achieved regarding the Iranian nuclear issue during the last NPT Review Cycle: The diplomatic agreement reached between the E3/EU+3 and Iran in July 2015, the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPoA), put an end to a decade-long nuclear dispute with Iran within the logic of the NPT. The JCPoA presents a rare success of diplomacy in a very volatile region: All possible paths to a nuclear bomb for Iran were blocked. Bear in mind: The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty was never called into question during the negotiations between the E3/EU+3 and Iran. On the contrary: All delegations were clear that the NPT was and had to be the basis of all endeavours.

The JCPoA is not built on trust but on verification: The IAEA’s role in monitoring the agreement and reporting to the Board and its Member States is crucial for the building of trust and confidence and for the implementation of the measures related to the relief and lifting of sanctions which the JCPoA foresees in return. Verification is a prerequisite for the buildup and maintenance of trustful relations. The Additional Protocol with its widened scope of inspections whose application by Iran is one important, but – pending ratification - voluntary element of the JCPoA should become the universal gold standard for each and every state.

We reaffirm our strong support for the IAEA’s ongoing efforts to verify Iran’s compliance with its nuclear-related commitments under the JCPoA. Germany has made available 4.1 [million Euros] for nuclear verification in Iran (Geneva Joint Plan of Action and JCPOA) so far and commends those states which have equally contributed financially to the crucial monitoring and verification work of the IAEA in Iran so far.

The United Kingdom

The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) is an important contribution to the non-proliferation regime. Since Implementation Day JCPOA on 16 January 2016, the UK has worked with our partners in the Joint Commission to ensure the deal’s success. We welcome the latest report from the IAEA confirming Iran is in compliance with its nuclear-related commitments. The UK remains absolutely committed to rigorous implementation of the JCPOA.

China

China welcomes the conclusion of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) on Iranian nuclear issue in July 2015, and appreciates the progress made since the implementation day of the JCPOA. As a member of P5+1 countries, China has actively participated in the negotiation, and contributed “Chinese Wit” and “Chinese Plan” to the conclusion of the agreement. The JCPOA is an international agreement concluded by the P5+1 and Iran after long-term tough negotiations, and has been endorsed by the United Nations Security Council. All parties should strengthen political will, faithfully fulfill their obligations, and to jointly maintain and implement the JCPOA. Thanks to the hard work in previous negotiations,Chinese and Iranian companies initialed their first commercial contract on the renovation of the Arak heavy-water reactor on April 23, which marked the renovation work has entered the stage of implementation, and reflected China’s responsible attitude and firmly support to the JCPOA.

Russia

Despite a whole range of NPT-related problems, there are still indisputable achievements. First and foremost — the JCPOA. This instrument might be imperfect. It is however a balanced and a very fragile compromise that needs to he treated in a very delicate manner. Enough time has passed to declare with certainty that the deal is effective and fulfills its mandate. Iran strictly abides by its commitments which is regularly confirmed by the IAEA. All elements of the JCPOA have already become fully adjusted to each other and enjoy growing trust of the international community. We encourage all, first and foremost the participants of the JCPOA, to do their utmost to meet the aspirations of the international community in terms of keeping for a long term this symbol of successful diplomacy that has proven that NPT-based negotiations could solve any complex issue.

Argentina

In this context, we can not ignore the clearly positive step achieved with the diplomatically negotiated solution to the Iran issue, with the implementation of the Joint Comprehensive Action Plan. This allows us an optimistic note. (unofficial translation) 

Australia

The conclusion of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) is a significant positive non-proliferation achievement since the last review cycle. 

Austria

We welcome the conclusion of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action with Iran in July 2015 and its implementation under IAEA verification. This has been a significant success for non-proliferation, clearly strengthening the Treaty.

Belgium

The nuclear deal between the E3+3 and Iran is a win-win agreement allowing for technological development under comprehensive IAEA monitoring.

Brazil

Brazil took satisfaction in seeing vindicated our long-standing support for a diplomatic solution that would ensure the exclusively peaceful nature of the Iranian nuclear program. We hope that the successful example of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action reached with Iran will provide inspiration for other pressing regional issues.

Canada

Full implementation by Iran of all of its JCPOA commitments combined with rigorous monitoring and verification by the IAEA, and fulsome reporting by the Agency’s Director General, will continue to help build the confidence of the international community that Iran’s nuclear program is exclusively peaceful in nature.

Czech Republic

We are encouraged by the implementation of the Join Comprehensive Plan of Action. The JCPOA represents a major multilateral achievement endorsed by a UN Security Council resolution. With this in mind, it is my pleasure to recall that the Czech Republic supported the JCPOA with a voluntary financial contribution.

Dominican Republic

We are satisfied with the agreement reached by the five members Permanent members of the Security Council plus Germany and the European Union with the Islamic Republic of Iran, the Action Plan and related to the nuclear program of said Countries, in particular the important role played by the IAEA for the verification of its implementation. (unofficial translation) 

Estonia

The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) between the E3/EU+3 and Iran demonstrates that it is possible to find peaceful and diplomatic solutions even to the most pressing proliferation challenges. This is a multilateral, successful [endeavor], concluded in full conformity with the principles of the NPT. My country remains committed to supporting the JCPOA and its full implementation, as verified by the IAEA. 

Finland  

We are encouraged by the implementation of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action. The JCPOA is a major multilateral achievement endorsed by the UN Security Council. We call on all parties to the JCPOA to implement it in full.

Hungary

We believe that the JCPOA is in full conformity with the principles of the NPT and thus creates a positive example for resolving controversial questions within the broader framework of the Treaty. It is an important non-proliferation instrument, which successfully contributes to the overall goals of the NPT and nonproliferation. It is in the interest of all Parties to the Action Plan that its provisions are fully implemented. So far, we are pleased with the fulfilment of obligations by all sides, which remains crucial throughout the implementation of the JCPOA. 

Indonesia

Indonesia welcomes the continued implementation of Iran’s nuclear commitments under the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), including Iran’s provisional application of the Additional Protocol. Indonesia looks forward to further positive developments on the implementation of nuclear-related measures of the JCPOA, and trusts that in the future, with the successful implementation of the JCPOA and as stipulated in the agreement, the Iranian nuclear programme will eventually be treated in the same manner as that of any other non-nuclear-weapon state party to the NPT. Indonesia encourages all parties to faithfully implement the JCPOA, and reiterates its call for the international community to maintain a positive atmosphere for the implementation of JCPOA.

Ireland

We also have much to learn from the positive experiences of the existing Nuclear Weapons Free Zones and from the positive example of the JCPOA with Iran, which demonstrated what is possible with genuine multilateral diplomacy and commitment to conclude an effective negotiation.

Italy

We welcome the work done by the Agency to monitor the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action between the E3/EU+3 and Iran. We believe that the full implementation of the JCPoA and of UN Security Council Resolution 223 1 can foster international and regional security and encourage mutual trust between the parties involved. Full implementation of the JCPoA strongly underpins the overall non-proliferation architecture. With this in mind, we have undertaken the role of Facilitator for the implementation of UN Security Council Resolution 2231, being committed to helping smooth and productive communication among the major stakeholders. We support efforts by all Parties to ensure that the JCPoA continues to provide benefits for all and remains a success story in line with the clear progress achieved so far more than one year since the implementation day. 

Japan

Japan will continue to support the JCPOA, which strengthens the international non-proliferation regime and the stability of the Middle East region. We will continue to contribute towards the steady implementation of the JCPOA.

Latvia

Latvia welcomes Iran’s efforts in successful implementation of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action. The continuous full implementation of JCPOA will strengthen global nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament efforts in the long-term. In this regard for several years Latvia has made voluntary contributions in support of the JCPOA.

Malaysia

 An example of the successful implementation of safeguards and verifications would be the on-going implementation of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action between Iran and the P5+1 on Iran’s nuclear programme. This example not only reaffirms the importance of the IAEA’s safeguards as a fundamental component to nuclear nonproliferation and its indispensable role in the implementation of the NPT, but also enhances international confidence by providing assurance that States are complying with their safeguard obligations and help to create a conducive environment for nuclear cooperation.

Mexico 

We recognize the historical significance of the 2015 Plan of Action (JCPOA) between Iran and the States of the P5 + 1 group and its positive impact in the stabilization of the Middle East and in the implementation of the NPT, we urge all parties involved to continue to be in full compliance of the JCPOA. (unofficial translation) 

Namibia

Namibia welcomes the successful conclusions of the nuclear negotiations between the Islamic Republic of Iran and P5+1 which resulted in the finalization of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) on 14 July 2015. In the same vein, we call upon all parties to honour their international obligations by abiding to the JCPOA, in the latter and spirit.

Netherlands

We are pleased to note that in July 2015 the EU/E3+3 reached agreement with Iran on the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA). The full implementation of the JCPOA, in which Iran reaffirmed that it will under no circumstances ever seek, develop or acquire any nuclear weapons, will contribute to building confidence in the exclusively peaceful nature of Iran’s nuclear programme. While Iran’s provisional application of the Additional Protocol to its NPT Safeguards Agreement with the IAEA is a welcome development, early ratification by Iran of the Additional Protocol remains essential. The IAEA is responsible for monitoring and verifying Iran’s implementation of its nuclear commitments under the JCPOA. The IAEA will continue to need extra-budgetary funding over the lifetime of the JCPOA in order to fulfill this role. We encourage all States that are in a position to do so, to make a contribution to this end.

New Zealand

New Zealand views the JCPOA as a truly critical agreement, reminding us that even seemingly intractable issues can be resolved through diplomacy and dialogue. We all have a stake in the faithful implementation, and success, of the JCPOA and so we are pleased to announce that New Zealand will contribute another NZD150,000 towards the IAEA's monitoring and verification activities in Iran.

Norway

 The nuclear agreement with Iran – the JCPOA - demonstrates that diplomacy works when there is a political will. It is now essential to sustain this political will in ensuring the full implementation of the Agreement. All States Parties should contribute to this end. Norway has done so and intends to continue doing it. 

Poland

Therefore Poland has recently provided a voluntary financial contribution in support of the Agency's activities in connection with the implementation of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, which we consider an extremely important nonproliferation achievement of the international community, an evidence that regardless of an unfavorable political security atmosphere, the consensus approach can prevail.

Portugal

Portugal entirely supports the implementation of the agreement on Iran’s nuclear programme reached in July 2015.The JCPOA demonstrated that complex nonproliferation challenges can be solved through commitment to a diplomatic solution. We fully expect that all parts concerned will respect and fulfill their commitments under the JCPOA.

Romania

 We welcome the progress made in the implementation of the JCPOA provisions, and, in its support, Romania made a voluntary financial contribution to the Agency's extra-budgetary fund for the IAEA's verification activities in Iran. The JCPOA is an important non-proliferation instrument and a successful, multilateral endeavor, of which all provisions must be fully implemented. 

Singapore

 A key development since the last RevCon in 2015 was the agreement between the E3/EU+3 and Iran on the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA). Singapore commends the continued commitment and political will of all parties in honouring their undertakings under the agreement. It is vital for the JCPOA to be fully and effectively implemented, not just for the E3/EU+3 and Iran, but also for the international community. All parties should therefore remain committed to the agreement and fulfil their respective obligations. We also call on Iran to continue to cooperate fully with the IAEA on all safeguards relevant issues. This will reassure the international community of the exclusively peaceful nature of Iran’s nuclear activities.

Slovakia

The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) demonstrates the possibility of peaceful and diplomatic solutions to the proliferation challenges. Slovakia welcomes progress made so far in its implementation, and underlines the need to continue ensuring full and effective implementation throughout the entire lifetime of the deal. The early ratification by Iran of the Additional Protocol is also essential.

South Africa

South Africa welcomes the progress made towards the implementation of the JCPOA with Iran and calls on all parties involved to fulfil their obligations under the agreement. 

South Korea

For example, the comprehensive agreement reached by E3+3/EU and Iran stands out as one of the major achievements in nonproliferation since the 2015 Review Conference. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) demonstrates the great potential of diplomacy in resolving international concerns peacefully. The ROK hopes that all parties to the JCPOA will remain committed to the successful implementation of the agreement.

Spain

Spain welcomes the adoption and implementation of the Joint Comprehensive Action Plan agreed upon by EU3 + 3 and Iran, which was endorsed by UN Security Council Resolution 2231. This is a clear sign that dialogue is the right way to promote agreements based on the commitment and the will of all parties. (unofficial translation) 

Sweden

Apart from the DPRK situation, which is deeply worrying, few matters will be more important than the JCPOA. Its full implementation is essential, as is the avoidance of any action undermining mutual trust. The JCPOA further underlines the crucial role of the IAEA in upholding nonproliferation obligations under the NPT.

Switzerland

First, the entry into force of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) related to the Iranian nuclear issue on January 16, 2016 has undoubtedly been a major success for the second pillar of the NPT. The diplomatic channel has resolved one of the most sensitive non-proliferation cases of the past decade. (unofficial translation) 

Tanzania

During period under review, we welcome efforts and outcome of the negotiations between Iran and countries of P5+ 1, which culminated on the adoption and signing of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), which will ensure that Iran’s nuclear programme will be exclusively for peaceful purposes. Tanzania would like reiterate that it fully concurs with the fact all states should have free access to nuclear technologies for peaceful purposes without obstacles or discrimination. We encourage Iran to continue engaging constructively with the Agency within framework of JCPOA in order to address all outstanding issues in connection with its nuclear programme.

Thailand

We support the strict and full implementation of the JCPOA by all parties concerned as well as the IAEA's role in monitoring and verification in Iran.

Turkey

The agreement on the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action is an important achievement for peace and stability not only for the region but also globally. It testifies to the continued relevance of the NPT. 

Ukraine

We reiterate our strong support of this milestone nuclear deal and believe that its further implementation will significantly contribute to strengthening of the non-proliferation regime.

United Arab Emirates

In this regard, UAE has welcomed the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) concluded with Iran, with the hope it will reflect positively on Iran’s behavior in the region. Full and transparent implementation of the JCPOA is essential to build confidence and credibility in Iran’s nuclear activities.

Author: 
Samantha Pitz and Ryan Fedasiuk