International support for the 2015 nuclear deal between the P5+1 (China, France, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States) and Iran remains strong, despite comments by U.S. President Donald Trump threatening the future of the agreement.
The Arms Control Association will be adding international statements in support of the nuclear deal, known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), on this page as they are released.
October 2017: General
The European Union
We cannot afford as the international community to dismantle a nuclear agreement that is working....This deal is not a bilateral agreement ... The international community, and the European Union with it, has clearly indicated that the deal is, and will, continue to be in place.
—Federica Mogherini, High Representative of the EU for Foreign Policy and Security Policy, October 13, 2017
France, Germany and the United Kingdom
We stand committed to the JCPOA and its full implementation by all sides. Preserving the JCPOA is in our shared national security interest. The nuclear deal was the culmination of 13 years of diplomacy and was a major step towards ensuring that Iran’s nuclear programme is not diverted for military purposes. The JCPOA was unanimously endorsed by the UN Security Council in Resolution 2231. The International Atomic Energy Agency has repeatedly confirmed Iran’s compliance with the JCPOA through its long-term verification and monitoring programme. Therefore, we encourage the US Administration and Congress to consider the implications to the security of the US and its allies before taking any steps that might undermine the JCPOA, such as re-imposing sanctions on Iran lifted under the agreement. At the same time as we work to preserve the JCPOA, we share concerns about Iran’s ballistic missile programme and regional activities that also affect our European security interests. We stand ready to take further appropriate measures to address these issues in close cooperation with the US and all relevant partners. We look to Iran to engage in constructive dialogue to stop de-stabilising actions and work towards negotiated solutions. Our governments are committed to ensuring the JCPOA is maintained. Independent of the JCPOA, we need to make sure that our collective wider concerns are being addressed.
— Theresa May, UK Prime Minister; Angela Merkel, German Chancellor; Emmanuel Macron, French President, October 13, 2017
We believe this agreement is an important instrument to prevent a nuclear-armed Iran... If ... an important country like the United States comes to a different conclusion as appears to be the case, we will work even harder with other partners to maintain this cohesion.
— Steffen Seibert, German government spokesman, October 13, 2017
It’s imperative that Europe sticks together on this issue.... We also have to tell the Americans that their behavior on the Iran issue will drive us Europeans into a common position with Russia and China against the USA.
—Sigmar Gabriel, German Foreign Minister, October 12, 2017
It will not really serve anyone to sever [the deal with Iran]... You settle disputes by talking and communicating your differences. This is more constructive than just abandoning the agreement.
—Khawaja Asif, Pakistan's Foreign Minister, October 5, 2017
We hear signals from the White House regarding President Trump's intentions to take a final decision on whether to continue to participate in the agreement on the settlement of the Iranian nuclear program. We believe that this program is one of the most important achievements of the international community. This program makes its implementation a real contribution to strengthening the nuclear non-proliferation regime and it would be very important to keep it.
—Sergey Lavrov, Russian Foreign Minister, October 6, 2017
The United Kingdom
The nuclear deal was a crucial agreement that neutralised Iran’s nuclear threat. The UK supports the deal and stresses the importance of all parties continuing to uphold their commitments. We have made no bones about our deep concern at Iran’s destabilising regional activity, including its ballistic missile programme, but I remain steadfast in my view that the nuclear deal was an historic achievement that has undoubtedly made the world a safer place. It was the culmination of 13 years of painstaking diplomacy and has increased security, both in the region and in the UK. It is these security implications that we continue to encourage the US to consider.
—Boris Johnson, UK Foreign Secretary, October 11, 2017
September-October 2017: UN General Assembly
Nuclear weapons proliferation is a pressing issue the world faces, and we must unite multilaterally to act against the threat of nuclearization to global peace and security. In this regard, Afghanistan maintains its position regarding the P5+1 and Iran's Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, and believes that the commitment of all parties to the agreement and its implementation is crucial.
—Mahmoud Saikal, Permanent Representative of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan to the United Nations, October 10, 2017
For multilateralism to be effective, we should engage to keep working on the peaceful solutions already achieved and comprehensively in place. Historic achievements of the diplomacy at work, as it is the case of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) endorsed by the UN Security Council, require the engagement of all parties in achieving its full implementation.
—Arben Idrizi, Deputy Permanent Representative of the Permanent Mission of the Republic of Albania to the United Nations, October 10, 2017
The JCPOA is an historic agreement that Australia supports. We would be concerned at any breakdown of the mechanism, especially in the absence of any viable alternative. Australia continues to encourage Iran and all parties to the JCPOA to carry on implementing and abiding by its terms.
—Gillian Bird, Permanent Representative of Australia to the United Nations, October 3, 2017
The JCPOA on the Iranian nuclear programme offers itself as a source of inspiration for a settlement of the Korean problem. The agreement with Tehran shows that untiring diplomacy still brings the best achievable results, even when dealing with the seemingly most untractable problems.
—Robert Gerschner, Director of the Disarmament Department in the Austrian Ministry for Europe, Integration and Foreign Affairs, October 3, 2017
In this regard, we welcomed the Vienna Agreement that placed Iran's nuclear activities under international observation. Undermining this agreement would weaken efforts to achieve negotiated solutions for nuclear disputes.
—Sebastian Kurz, Federal Minister for Europe, Integration, and Foreign Affairs of Austria, September 19, 2017
Bangladesh recognizes the continued critical importance of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action concluded between the Islamic Republic of Iran and five permanent members of the Security Council plus Germany in 2015.
October 13, 2017
When faced with current challenges in non-proliferation, it is worth recalling that the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action with Iran demonstrates how. seemingly irreconcilable differences can be overcome by the strength of multilateral diplomacy, when it is guided by a shared vision and underpinned by collective action. We wish to underline the importance of the continued implementation of this nuclear agreement by all sides.
—Jeroen Cooreman, Deputy Permanent Representative to the United Nations, October 4, 2017
The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action on Iran's nuclear program concluded in July 2015 remains of historic significance. Its full implementation is of great importance for regional and global stability. My country reiterates its full support for Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action.
—Rumen Radev, President of Bulgaria, September 20, 2017
Brazil had always stressed that there was no alternative to a diplomatic, negotiated solution to the issues related to Iran's nuclear program. The successful implementation of the "Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action" is a vindication for diplomacy.
— Mauro Vieira, Permanent Representative of Brazil to the United Nations, October 3, 2017
On the Iranian nuclear issue, China has firmly supported the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) and participated in its comprehensive and in-depth implementation....China will continue to take an objective, fair and responsible approach in working with other parties to uphold and implement JCPOA.
—Wang Quo, Director-General of the Arms Control Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of China, October 6, 2017
The European Union
The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), negotiated with regard to the Iranian nuclear programme, demonstrates that effective multilateralism and diplomacy in good faith can work and bring about results even to the most pressing proliferation crises. The EU reaffirms its longstanding support to the JCPOA, a robust agreement endorsed by UNSCR 2231, which must be rigorously implemented by all parties.
—Jacek Bylica, Special Envoy for Disarmament and Nonproliferation, October 2, 2017
[W]e also call on all concerned to uphold the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action with Iran as a multilateral deal that is delivering more security for us all.
—Donald Tusk, President of the European Council, September 20, 2017
The agreement between the international community and Iran, the JCPOA, is a major multilateral achievement in nuclear non-proliferation. We call on all parties to the JCPOA to continue implementing it in full.
— Jarmo Viinanen, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, October 13, 2017
We welcome the ongoing implementation of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action and call on all parties to the JCPOA to implement it in full.
— Ilkka Rentola, Deputy Director for Arms Control, Disarmament and Non-Proliferation Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland, October 5, 2017
We put together a solid, robust and verifiable agreement with Iran that will ensure that Iran does not obtain nuclear weapons. Renouncing it would be a grave error. Not respecting the Iran Deal would be irresponsible because this is a good agreement that is essential to peace.... We must not cast aside the achievements we have made with previous agreements....Dialouge and multilateralism are the only ways forward.
—Emmanuel Macron, French President, September 19, 2017
It took us more than 10 years to find and negotiate a diplomatic solution fully addressing the many concerns about the exclusively peaceful nature of Iran’s nuclear program. The JCPOA finally agreed between the E3/EU+3 and Iran in 2015 has put an end to an imminent nuclear proliferation crisis and further strengthened the NPT. At this delicate moment we emphasize that strict implementation of the JCPOA by all sides remains key and that all decision makers should refrain from any action that might potentially jeopardize the JCPOA. Let us not put at risk the important progress for non-proliferation generated by the JCPOA.
—Michael Biontino, Permanent Representative of Germany to the Conference on Disarmament, October 12, 2017
The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action concluded between the E3+3 and Iran in 2015 shows that an imminent nuclear proliferation crisis can be settled by diplomatic means - on the basis of the NPT - provided there is political will. Today, Iran is subject to the most robust verification and monitoring regime in the world. We are satisfied that IAEA reports confirm that Iran is acting in compliance with the JCPOA. We should refrain from any action that might potentially jeopardize the progress made so far. Rather, we need to invest our efforts in ensuring the full and strict implementation of the JCPOA. Also, if we want to continue to settle other crises by diplomatic means, we need to do everything to honor our obligations arising from agreements that we have joined. In that sense, ensuring the continued success is a very high priority for Germany. We call upon all states to comply with all stipulations laid out in the JCPOA.
—Susanne Baumann, Deputy Commissioner for Disarmament and Arms Control, October 2, 2017
It is therefore more important than ever that the international architecture for arms control and disarmament does not crumble. Existing treaties and agreements must not be called into question. That applies in particular to the agreement on Iran's nuclear program. The agreement is a way out of the impasse of a nuclear confrontation which would jeopardize regional security and have an impact far beyond the region. But only if all obligations are rigorously adhered to and the agreed transparency is created, can the urgently needed confidence grow.... Germany will work within the E3+3 framework to ensure that the agreement is strictly implemented and upheld. This is not only about Iran. This is about the credibility of the international community. For which state would refrain from developing its own nuclear program if it turns out that negotiated agreements do not endure and confidence in agreements with the international community are not worth the paper they are written on?
—Sigmar Gabriel, German Foreign Minister, September 21, 2017
In our view the JCPOA, also endorsed by the UN Security Council needs to be preserved because it is in full conformity with the principles of the NPT and creates a positive example for resolving controversial questions within the broader framework of the Treaty and the international non-proliferation machinery.
—Gyorgy Molnar, Special Representative of the Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade for Arms Control, Disarmament and Non-Proliferation, October 13, 2017
Indonesia encourages all parties to faithfully implement the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), and urges the international community to ensure a positive atmosphere for the implementation of the JCPOA.
—Dian Triansyah Djani, Permanent Representative of Indonesia to the United Nations, October 4, 2017
Ireland also regards the nuclear deal with Iran as a key achievement for nonproliferation and an example of what can be achieved through painstaking diplomacy and negotiation. We have been pleased to support implementation of the JCPOA and welcome the IAEA's findings regarding ongoing implementation. We also call on Iran to implement strictly all provisions of UNSC resolution 2231 and refrain from any activity related to ballistic missiles designed to be capable of carrying nuclear weapons.
—Jackie O'Halloran, Director of Disarmament and Non-Proliferation, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, October 12, 2017
[W]e highly value the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) and we believe that the international community should continue to take every action to ensure that it remains a success story. We welcome the confirmation by the IAEA of Iran's continued compliance with the provisions of the JCPOA and we are committed to continuing to support the IAEA in its monitoring tasks.
— Vinicio Mati, Permanent Representative of Italy to the Conference on Disarmament, October 13, 2017
With reference to the Iranian nuclear file, we believe that the international community should assure that the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) remains a success story in the framework of global efforts to counter the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction.
—Paolo Gentiloni, Prime Minister of Italy, September 20, 2017
My country fully supports and strictly implements UNSC Resolution 2231, as it is crucial to ensure the proper implementation of the JCPOA (Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action). Kazakhstan attaches great importance to this historic agreement, which is reckoned at the momentous achievement of multilateral diplomacy in recent decades....Implementing the JCPOA has had a significant impact on normalizing the situation in the region and beyond. The Programme of Action will also have a positive effect on the revitalization of economic activities in the region. JCPOA was achieved as a result of intense prolonged negotiations. It is necessary to acknowledge that this agreement has put Iran on a nuclear-free path, with the IAEA confirming that Iran is fulfilling all its obligations.
—Yerbolat Sembayev, Ambassador-at-Large at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan, October 9, 2017
We must do everything we can to calm the region [of the Middle East]. This also goes for maintaining and rigorously implementing the nuclear agreement with Iran, which helps reduce the risk of proliferation.... To achieve a real de-escalation [with North Korea], we must not close the door to diplomacy and dialogue. The agreement with Iran can serve as an inspiration in this regard. It demonstrates that an adequate policy, combining pressure and dialogue, can lead to results.
—Jean Asselborn, Minister for Foreign Affairs, September 21, 2017
The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action reinforces the viability of the rules-based nonproliferation regime created by the NPT. It underlines the value of multilateral nuclear diplomacy. The Netherlands welcomes the ongoing implementation of the agreement and calls upon all parties to continue to adhere to their commitments under the JCPOA.
—Robbert Jan Gabriëlse, Permanent Representative of the Netherlands to the Conference on Disarmament, October 3, 2017
The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) shows that it is possible to achieve important results through diplomacy, even when the point of departure is difficult. It is essential that all parties live up to their commitments and obligations, and refrain from any action that undermines the integrity of the JCPOA.
—Atle Midttun, Director General of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, October 3, 2017
We believe that following today's announcement by the US President, our collective responsibility to preserve the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) on Iran's nuclear program must be particularly stressed. In 2015 Portugal welcomed the accomplishment of JCPOA, which resolved with political will and in good faith, a highly complex issue. No violations of any of the commitments contained in the Agreement have ever been reported, meaning that the deal has been serving its purposes. Therefore Portugal reaffirms its support to this historic Agreement and continues to strongly encourage its strict implementation by all parties, and the need to create conditions for monitoring Iran 's nuclear program after 2025.
—Cristina Pucarinho, Deputy Permanent Representative of Portugal to the United Nations, October 13, 2017
Portugal reaffirms its support to the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) on Iran’s nuclear program. It proved that highly complex issues can be resolved in good faith, through diplomacy, provided there is political will from all parties to do so. It should be ensured that this historic Agreement is strictly implemented by all parties and that conditions are met to continue monitoring Iran´s nuclear programme after 2025.
—Cristina Pucarinho, Deputy Permanent Representative of Portugal to the United Nations, October 9, 2017
Today, the world is watching with alarm as the U.S. imposes yet a new set of restrictions against Iran which, on top of all, are exterritorial in nature and threaten the realization of Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action that became one of the key factors of international and regional stability.
—Sergey Lavrov, Russian Minister of Foreign Affairs, September 21, 2017
We trust that rigorous compliance with the agreement with Iran will contribute to nuclear non-proliferation and peace in the region.
—Alfonso María Dastis Quecedo, Spanish Minister for Foreign Affairs, September 21, 2017
In stark contrast to the DPRK situation, the JCPOA demonstrates the potential of multilateral diplomacy. Its full implementation is essential, as is the avoidance of any action undermining mutual trust.
—Eva Walder, Ambassador for Disarmament, October 3, 2017
While we note with satisfaction the implementation of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, the continued full and faithful adherence by all Parties is of primordial importance not only for regional stability but also for the credibility of the non-proliferation architecture. We urge all parties to abide by the agreement and carefully measure their actions to preserve this historic achievement.
—Sabrina Dallafior, Swiss Permanent Representative to the Conference on Disarmament, October 12, 2017
Turkey appreciates the virtue of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA). The JCPOA stands before us as an example for the effectiveness and success of multilateral diplomacy in advancing the NPT's objectives.
—Rauf Alp Denktas, First Counselor at the Turkish Mission to the United Nations, October 9, 2017
The United Kingdom
The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action with Iran represents a major step forward in preventing Iran from developing a nuclear weapons capability. The UK is committed to the full and long-term implementation of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action by all parties.
—Matthew Rowland, UK Permanent Representative to the Conference on Disarmament, October 6, 2017
September 2017: IAEA General Conference
Meanwhile, Australia welcomes the Director General’s advice that Iran continues provisionally to apply its Additional Protocol and that it is cooperating with the Agency in implementing the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action.
— Ambassador Brendon Hammer, Governor and Permanent Representative to the IAEA, September 19, 2017
Austria attaches utmost importance to the ongoing implementation of the JCPOA and particularly to the crucial role of IAEA in verifying and monitoring the process.
— Michael Linhart, Deputy Foreign Minister, September 18, 2017
Canada thanks the EU and the P5+1 for their leadership in addressing unresolved questions and concerns regarding Iran's nuclear programme. Their efforts at dialogue with Iran led to the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action which has been implemented successfully since January 2016. Canada hopes that this will continue for the duration of the Agreement, and calls on Iran to allow the IAEA all of the access it requires to be able to provide assurances of the non-diversion of nuclear material and the absence of undeclared activities. Iran's ratification of its Additional Protocol, along with assiduous verification and detailed reporting by the Director General, will help establish confidence that Iran's nuclear activities are exclusively peaceful in nature.
— Kim Rudd, Parliamentary Secretary for Natural Resources, September 19, 2017
The Vienna agreement on Iran's nuclear programme is an essential element of the current non-proliferation regime, which France is determined to preserve. There is indeed no alternative to this agreement. This has to be clear. All the Iranian nuclear commitments must be implemented in a rigorous and transparent manner, on a sustained basis. The parties to the negotiations have a special responsibility in this regard. The role of the IAEA is also essental. France commends and reiterates its support for the work done by the Agency for its precise monitoring of all JCPOA sections.her, supported by a resolution of the U.N. Security Council.
— Daniel Verwaerde, Chairman of the French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission, September 19, 2017
The Vienna Agreement between the E3+3 and Iran of July 2015, the JCPoA, is a great achievement for nuclear nonproliferation built on the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty. It has proven that diplomacy can solve political and security challenges of highest complexity. I commend the IAEA for its professional work in conducting comprehensive verification and monitoring of Iran's nuclear related commitments. This is the basis for ensuring that Iran's nuclear program can only serve peaceful purposes now and in the future, which is essential for building mutual trust and confidence. Iran needs to strictly abide by all its commitments under the Nuclear Agreement, and all parties should fulfill theirs in good faith. Germany is committed to the full and sustained implementation of the JCPoA. We have substantially contributed to the IAEA's activities under the JCPoA and the JPA, with more than 4 Mio. Euro of extra-budgetary funding, so far. And we are prepared to continue making substantial contributions in the future. We likewise encourage all Member States to ensure that the IAEA is able to conduct its long-term verification and monitoring mission.
— Thorsten Herdan, Director General of the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy, September 19 2017
We believe that the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action between the E3/EU+3 and Iran creates a positive example for resolving controversial questions in accordance with the principles of the NPT. Hungary welcomes that the obligations are fulfilled so far, and considers the verification activities of the IAEA crucial throughout the implementation of the JCPOA.
— András Aradszki, Minister of State for Energy Affairs, Ministry of National Development, September 19, 2017
Japan supports the JCPOA and strongly hopes for its continued implementation, in which the IAEA plays a crucial monitoring and verification role. This month, Japan, in cooperation with the IAEA, will be providing safeguards training for Iran to facilitate the implementation of the JCPOA.
— Masaji Matsuyama, Minister of State, September 18, 2017
We support the Agency's Safeguards activities, including in the context of fulfilling obligations stipulated by the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA). Russia proceeds from the understanding that the JCPOA represents a honed balance of interests of the Parties involved in the process and must be strictly adhered to in its entirety.
— Alexey Likhachev, Director General of State Atomic Energy Corporation (Rosatom), September 18, 2017
The United Kingdom
We welcome the Director General’s reporting that confirms that Iran is adhering to its nuclear-related commitments as outlined in the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action. It is important for all parties to the Plan of Action to implement the agreement fully. Iran’s continued co-operation with the Agency is required, and Member States should assist with continued financial support for the Agency’s monitoring and verification activities.
— John Loughhead, Chief Scientific Adviser at the Department for Business, Energy, and Industrial Strategy, September 18, 2017
Turkey is pleased to see that, the Director General’s reports on the JCPOA indicate Iran’s continued adherence to its nuclear commitments under the deal. Turkey expects uninterrupted and full implementation of the JCPOA, on the basis of transparency.
— Ambassador Birnur Fertekligil, September 19, 2017
September 2017: General
The European Union
This agreement is delivering on a very, very important objective, which is to ensure that Iran does not possess nuclear weapons. The view of the European Union is that this agreement is a success.... I can think of no regional issue that we have with Iran that would not be even more difficult to handle if Iran possessed nuclear weapons... the global community expects all parties that have signed up to the agreement to implement it and to do so fully.
—David O'Sullivan, EU Ambassador to the United States, September 25, 2017
The scope of the JCPOA [Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action], the scope of the nuclear deal is related to the nuclear program of Iran. There are other issues that are out of the scope of the agreement... and we are sticking to the point that the nuclear agreement is working, is delivering, it's functioning. I can share with you that the general sense that we shared tonight with the ministers, is that with the difficult times we are living in in the world of today - with quite a good number of conflicts, crises and a nuclear threat coming from a different part of the world - the international community cannot afford dismantling an agreement that is working and delivering.
—Federica Mogherini, High Representative of the EU for Foreign Policy and Security Policy, September 20, 2017
The Iran deal is a good and robust agreement that serves the interests of all parties. It is not an agreement between two countries — it is a commitment undertaken by the entire international community on one side and Iran on the other, supported by a resolution of the U.N. Security Council.
— Federica Mogherini, High Representative of the EU for Foreign Policy and Security Policy, September 16, 2017
There won’t be any reopening of the agreement. The agreement is working as it is.
— Gerard Araud, French Ambassador to the United States, September 25, 2017
I think that the outcome of this deal is that now we have the monitoring process with the international agency following the situation, and I think it is better than nothing. Why? Because if we stop with this deal ... if we just stop with the nuclear agreement, we will enter into a situation very similar to the North Korean situation.... We need this framework -- if we stop with this agreement, what do you propose, nothing?
— Emmanuel Macron, French President, September 19, 2017
It’s essential to maintain it [the JCPOA] to prevent a spiral of proliferation that would encourage hardliners in Iran to pursue nuclear weapons.
— Jean Yves Le Drian, French Foreign Minister, September 18, 2017
France doesn't support the reopening of the deal. It should be rigorously implemented as it is now. How many times should we repeat it?
— Gerard Araud, French Ambassador to the United States, September 12, 2017
What matters to us is that in the end, the Iran deal is not called into question, that it is being preserved. And we believe it is a deal worth preserving. It's robust, comprehensive and verifiable. And it's based on the strongest monitoring and verification regime in the world. It basically prevents Iran from getting a nuclear bomb in the foreseeable future. And it's a really - it's a plus for regional and global security. So we believe to walk away from that deal would be a mistake while Iran is complying. And the International Atomic Agency, as you know, has on seven occasions said that Iran is complying. So we will lose our credibility if we walk away from a deal where the agency says Iran is sticking to it.... And if the U.S. would decide to walk away, we believe it would unravel. Iran would probably be encouraged to resume its efforts for a nuclear bomb. It would increase the risk of nuclear arms race in the region....It would also weaken the global nonproliferation efforts. And let's not forget, there is sort of a link to North Korea here. It would send a message to countries like North Korea that diplomatic and political agreements are not reliable and cannot be trusted. And we would lose that tool to negotiate agreements with other countries like North Korea. So it would be, as we believe, a mistake to walk away from that agreement while Iran is still complying.... The whole of the European Union says that we should stick to the deal while Iran is complying. But at the same time, you know, the chancellor also made clear that we share concerns of the U.S. about the nefarious role of Iran in the region, about the missile testing, about, you know, human rights violations, et cetera. And we can discuss that. And I think we should tackle those challenges from Iran together but on the basis of honoring that deal.
—Peter Wittig, German Ambassador to the United States, September 29, 2017
We don’t think it will be possible to renegotiate it and we believe there is no practical, peaceful alternative to this deal... It is a plus for regional security, it is a plus for global security. It can’t be said enough...If the US will walk away from this agreement it would lose tools to monitor and inspect… and that would be a tremendous loss...That would affect our credibility in the West when we are not honoring an agreement that Iran has not violated.
—Peter Wittig, German Ambassador to the United States, September 25, 2017
I think it is important to put this discussion on the merits of the Iran deal in global context as I mentioned briefly in my introductory remarks....Whatever we do with Iran will have repercussions and we should not lose sight of the relationship to North Korea and what kind of message this sends to North Korea and our efforts to come to an arrangement on the North Korean nuclear threat...If we re-nege on the Iran deal, everything will be more complicated. I think that is the global context and current security threat context that we should never lose sight of.
—Peter Wittig, German Ambassador to the United States, September 25, 2017
Now we will all try to convince the Americans in the remaining weeks ... that calling the agreement into question will not increase security... What should motivate countries like North Korea or others to enter into negotiations in the future when the one example of such a deal is being destroyed?
—Sigmar Gabriel, German Foreign Minister, September 21, 2017
The situation regarding execution of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action on Iran’s nuclear program has been studied. The Russian side stated full execution by Iran of all its obligations, as well as IAEA [International Atomic Energy Agency] Director General who made this conclusion numerous times already.
—Sergey Lavrov, Russian Foreign Minister, September 13, 2017
The United Kingdom
We think we are more secure because of this deal and that’s why, as long as the Iranians continue to comply with it in the view of the [International Atomic Energy Agency], we will continue to support it....It is succeeding. We would say, let’s intensify the discussions [on Iran’s other actions], but let’s keep the JCPOA...These problems are on our doorstep. These issues matter to us and to our national security more than you could imagine.
—Kim Darroch, British Ambassador to the United States, September 25, 2017
[W]e in the UK feel that Iran – a country of 80 million people, many of them young and potentially liberal – could be won over. I think it is important they see there are benefits from the JCPOA, so we in the UK want that alive.
—Boris Johnson, British Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, September 14, 2017
The European Union
This was not an agreement between the two countries, I have repeated it time and again and I have the impression that we will need to repeat it time and again in the months to come... It was a commitment undertaken by the entire international community on one side and Iran on the other, supported by a resolution of the UN Security Council, and certified regularly by the International Atomic Energy Agency ... Two years on, compliance with the deal is certified by the IAEA and by the Joint Commission I chair with the strong support of Helga [Schmid, Mogherini's deputy], not by one single individual country. And we will have to repeat it time and again in these months to come everywhere we are, because again this is a matter of international security, international safety and also a matter of credibility of international agreements.
—Federica Mogherini, High Representative of the EU for Foreign Policy and Security Policy, August 28, 2017
There is no alternative to the regime on nuclear non-proliferation. In the context of what we are living through, the 2015 agreement is what allows us to establish a constructive and demanding dialogue with Iran.
—Emmanuel Macron, French President, August 30, 2017
Russia is currently working on persuading the US leadership to keep the … Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action... We are focusing our efforts … on convincing our partners in the US government that they need to fulfill their duties under Iran’s nuclear deal.
—Sergey Ryabkov, Russian Deputy Foreign Minister, August 29, 2017
The United Kingdom
The British government... is fully committed to the JCPOA and to its successful implementation. We are working hard with all our partners and with Iran to make a success of JCPOA and we will continue to engage all our partners to that end.
—Nicholas Hopton, British Ambassador to Tehran, August 29, 2017
We stand behind this agreement [the Iran Deal] and want to support all the parties in their efforts to fulfill it. As the Federal Republic of Germany and as Europeans we would oppose any attempts to call it into question.
—Sigmar Gabriel, German Foreign Minister, June 27, 2017
May 2017: NPT Preparatory Committee Statements
At the 2017 Preparatory Committee meeting for the 2020 Review Conference of the nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) in May, more than 50 states expressed support for the continued implementation of the Iran Deal in their opening statements. The P5+1 members are listed first, followed by the remaining states in alphabetical order.
The European Union (which led the P5+1 negotiations) and 10 additional European countries, Turkey, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Ukraine, Republic of Moldova, Georgia, and Andorra.
The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) between the E3/EU+3 and Iran demonstrates that it is possible to find peaceful and diplomatic solutions even to the most pressing proliferation challenges. This is a multilateral, successful endeavour, concluded in full conformity with the principles of the NPT and endorsed by the UN Security Council Resolution 2231. The EU remains committed to the JCPOA and this Resolution, welcomes progress made so far in its implementation, and underlines the need to continue ensuring full and effective implementation throughout the entire lifetime of the deal, as verified by the IAEA. We call on Iran to promptly ratify the Additional Protocol and refrain from activities such as ballistic missile tests, which are inconsistent with UN Security Council Resolution 2231.
France welcomes the entry into force of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) on 16 January 2016. This agreement shows that the determination of the international community can contribute to finding appropriate diplomatic and peaceful solutions to proliferation crises.
Turning to the accomplishments of the non-proliferation pillar, substantial progress was achieved regarding the Iranian nuclear issue during the last NPT Review Cycle: The diplomatic agreement reached between the E3/EU+3 and Iran in July 2015, the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPoA), put an end to a decade-long nuclear dispute with Iran within the logic of the NPT. The JCPoA presents a rare success of diplomacy in a very volatile region: All possible paths to a nuclear bomb for Iran were blocked. Bear in mind: The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty was never called into question during the negotiations between the E3/EU+3 and Iran. On the contrary: All delegations were clear that the NPT was and had to be the basis of all endeavours.
The JCPoA is not built on trust but on verification: The IAEA’s role in monitoring the agreement and reporting to the Board and its Member States is crucial for the building of trust and confidence and for the implementation of the measures related to the relief and lifting of sanctions which the JCPoA foresees in return. Verification is a prerequisite for the buildup and maintenance of trustful relations. The Additional Protocol with its widened scope of inspections whose application by Iran is one important, but – pending ratification - voluntary element of the JCPoA should become the universal gold standard for each and every state.
We reaffirm our strong support for the IAEA’s ongoing efforts to verify Iran’s compliance with its nuclear-related commitments under the JCPoA. Germany has made available 4.1 [million Euros] for nuclear verification in Iran (Geneva Joint Plan of Action and JCPOA) so far and commends those states which have equally contributed financially to the crucial monitoring and verification work of the IAEA in Iran so far.
The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) is an important contribution to the non-proliferation regime. Since Implementation Day JCPOA on 16 January 2016, the UK has worked with our partners in the Joint Commission to ensure the deal’s success. We welcome the latest report from the IAEA confirming Iran is in compliance with its nuclear-related commitments. The UK remains absolutely committed to rigorous implementation of the JCPOA.
China welcomes the conclusion of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) on Iranian nuclear issue in July 2015, and appreciates the progress made since the implementation day of the JCPOA. As a member of P5+1 countries, China has actively participated in the negotiation, and contributed “Chinese Wit” and “Chinese Plan” to the conclusion of the agreement. The JCPOA is an international agreement concluded by the P5+1 and Iran after long-term tough negotiations, and has been endorsed by the United Nations Security Council. All parties should strengthen political will, faithfully fulfill their obligations, and to jointly maintain and implement the JCPOA. Thanks to the hard work in previous negotiations,Chinese and Iranian companies initialed their first commercial contract on the renovation of the Arak heavy-water reactor on April 23, which marked the renovation work has entered the stage of implementation, and reflected China’s responsible attitude and firmly support to the JCPOA.
Despite a whole range of NPT-related problems, there are still indisputable achievements. First and foremost — the JCPOA. This instrument might be imperfect. It is however a balanced and a very fragile compromise that needs to he treated in a very delicate manner. Enough time has passed to declare with certainty that the deal is effective and fulfills its mandate. Iran strictly abides by its commitments which is regularly confirmed by the IAEA. All elements of the JCPOA have already become fully adjusted to each other and enjoy growing trust of the international community. We encourage all, first and foremost the participants of the JCPOA, to do their utmost to meet the aspirations of the international community in terms of keeping for a long term this symbol of successful diplomacy that has proven that NPT-based negotiations could solve any complex issue.
In this context, we can not ignore the clearly positive step achieved with the diplomatically negotiated solution to the Iran issue, with the implementation of the Joint Comprehensive Action Plan. This allows us an optimistic note. (unofficial translation)
The conclusion of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) is a significant positive non-proliferation achievement since the last review cycle.
We welcome the conclusion of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action with Iran in July 2015 and its implementation under IAEA verification. This has been a significant success for non-proliferation, clearly strengthening the Treaty.
The nuclear deal between the E3+3 and Iran is a win-win agreement allowing for technological development under comprehensive IAEA monitoring.
Brazil took satisfaction in seeing vindicated our long-standing support for a diplomatic solution that would ensure the exclusively peaceful nature of the Iranian nuclear program. We hope that the successful example of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action reached with Iran will provide inspiration for other pressing regional issues.
Full implementation by Iran of all of its JCPOA commitments combined with rigorous monitoring and verification by the IAEA, and fulsome reporting by the Agency’s Director General, will continue to help build the confidence of the international community that Iran’s nuclear program is exclusively peaceful in nature.
We are encouraged by the implementation of the Join Comprehensive Plan of Action. The JCPOA represents a major multilateral achievement endorsed by a UN Security Council resolution. With this in mind, it is my pleasure to recall that the Czech Republic supported the JCPOA with a voluntary financial contribution.
We are satisfied with the agreement reached by the five members Permanent members of the Security Council plus Germany and the European Union with the Islamic Republic of Iran, the Action Plan and related to the nuclear program of said Countries, in particular the important role played by the IAEA for the verification of its implementation. (unofficial translation)
The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) between the E3/EU+3 and Iran demonstrates that it is possible to find peaceful and diplomatic solutions even to the most pressing proliferation challenges. This is a multilateral, successful [endeavor], concluded in full conformity with the principles of the NPT. My country remains committed to supporting the JCPOA and its full implementation, as verified by the IAEA.
We are encouraged by the implementation of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action. The JCPOA is a major multilateral achievement endorsed by the UN Security Council. We call on all parties to the JCPOA to implement it in full.
We believe that the JCPOA is in full conformity with the principles of the NPT and thus creates a positive example for resolving controversial questions within the broader framework of the Treaty. It is an important non-proliferation instrument, which successfully contributes to the overall goals of the NPT and nonproliferation. It is in the interest of all Parties to the Action Plan that its provisions are fully implemented. So far, we are pleased with the fulfilment of obligations by all sides, which remains crucial throughout the implementation of the JCPOA.
Indonesia welcomes the continued implementation of Iran’s nuclear commitments under the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), including Iran’s provisional application of the Additional Protocol. Indonesia looks forward to further positive developments on the implementation of nuclear-related measures of the JCPOA, and trusts that in the future, with the successful implementation of the JCPOA and as stipulated in the agreement, the Iranian nuclear programme will eventually be treated in the same manner as that of any other non-nuclear-weapon state party to the NPT. Indonesia encourages all parties to faithfully implement the JCPOA, and reiterates its call for the international community to maintain a positive atmosphere for the implementation of JCPOA.
We also have much to learn from the positive experiences of the existing Nuclear Weapons Free Zones and from the positive example of the JCPOA with Iran, which demonstrated what is possible with genuine multilateral diplomacy and commitment to conclude an effective negotiation.
We welcome the work done by the Agency to monitor the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action between the E3/EU+3 and Iran. We believe that the full implementation of the JCPoA and of UN Security Council Resolution 223 1 can foster international and regional security and encourage mutual trust between the parties involved. Full implementation of the JCPoA strongly underpins the overall non-proliferation architecture. With this in mind, we have undertaken the role of Facilitator for the implementation of UN Security Council Resolution 2231, being committed to helping smooth and productive communication among the major stakeholders. We support efforts by all Parties to ensure that the JCPoA continues to provide benefits for all and remains a success story in line with the clear progress achieved so far more than one year since the implementation day.
Japan will continue to support the JCPOA, which strengthens the international non-proliferation regime and the stability of the Middle East region. We will continue to contribute towards the steady implementation of the JCPOA.
Latvia welcomes Iran’s efforts in successful implementation of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action. The continuous full implementation of JCPOA will strengthen global nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament efforts in the long-term. In this regard for several years Latvia has made voluntary contributions in support of the JCPOA.
An example of the successful implementation of safeguards and verifications would be the on-going implementation of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action between Iran and the P5+1 on Iran’s nuclear programme. This example not only reaffirms the importance of the IAEA’s safeguards as a fundamental component to nuclear nonproliferation and its indispensable role in the implementation of the NPT, but also enhances international confidence by providing assurance that States are complying with their safeguard obligations and help to create a conducive environment for nuclear cooperation.
We recognize the historical significance of the 2015 Plan of Action (JCPOA) between Iran and the States of the P5 + 1 group and its positive impact in the stabilization of the Middle East and in the implementation of the NPT, we urge all parties involved to continue to be in full compliance of the JCPOA. (unofficial translation)
Namibia welcomes the successful conclusions of the nuclear negotiations between the Islamic Republic of Iran and P5+1 which resulted in the finalization of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) on 14 July 2015. In the same vein, we call upon all parties to honour their international obligations by abiding to the JCPOA, in the latter and spirit.
We are pleased to note that in July 2015 the EU/E3+3 reached agreement with Iran on the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA). The full implementation of the JCPOA, in which Iran reaffirmed that it will under no circumstances ever seek, develop or acquire any nuclear weapons, will contribute to building confidence in the exclusively peaceful nature of Iran’s nuclear programme. While Iran’s provisional application of the Additional Protocol to its NPT Safeguards Agreement with the IAEA is a welcome development, early ratification by Iran of the Additional Protocol remains essential. The IAEA is responsible for monitoring and verifying Iran’s implementation of its nuclear commitments under the JCPOA. The IAEA will continue to need extra-budgetary funding over the lifetime of the JCPOA in order to fulfill this role. We encourage all States that are in a position to do so, to make a contribution to this end.
New Zealand views the JCPOA as a truly critical agreement, reminding us that even seemingly intractable issues can be resolved through diplomacy and dialogue. We all have a stake in the faithful implementation, and success, of the JCPOA and so we are pleased to announce that New Zealand will contribute another NZD150,000 towards the IAEA's monitoring and verification activities in Iran.
The nuclear agreement with Iran – the JCPOA - demonstrates that diplomacy works when there is a political will. It is now essential to sustain this political will in ensuring the full implementation of the Agreement. All States Parties should contribute to this end. Norway has done so and intends to continue doing it.
Therefore Poland has recently provided a voluntary financial contribution in support of the Agency's activities in connection with the implementation of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, which we consider an extremely important nonproliferation achievement of the international community, an evidence that regardless of an unfavorable political security atmosphere, the consensus approach can prevail.
Portugal entirely supports the implementation of the agreement on Iran’s nuclear programme reached in July 2015.The JCPOA demonstrated that complex nonproliferation challenges can be solved through commitment to a diplomatic solution. We fully expect that all parts concerned will respect and fulfill their commitments under the JCPOA.
We welcome the progress made in the implementation of the JCPOA provisions, and, in its support, Romania made a voluntary financial contribution to the Agency's extra-budgetary fund for the IAEA's verification activities in Iran. The JCPOA is an important non-proliferation instrument and a successful, multilateral endeavor, of which all provisions must be fully implemented.
A key development since the last RevCon in 2015 was the agreement between the E3/EU+3 and Iran on the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA). Singapore commends the continued commitment and political will of all parties in honouring their undertakings under the agreement. It is vital for the JCPOA to be fully and effectively implemented, not just for the E3/EU+3 and Iran, but also for the international community. All parties should therefore remain committed to the agreement and fulfil their respective obligations. We also call on Iran to continue to cooperate fully with the IAEA on all safeguards relevant issues. This will reassure the international community of the exclusively peaceful nature of Iran’s nuclear activities.
The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) demonstrates the possibility of peaceful and diplomatic solutions to the proliferation challenges. Slovakia welcomes progress made so far in its implementation, and underlines the need to continue ensuring full and effective implementation throughout the entire lifetime of the deal. The early ratification by Iran of the Additional Protocol is also essential.
South Africa welcomes the progress made towards the implementation of the JCPOA with Iran and calls on all parties involved to fulfil their obligations under the agreement.
For example, the comprehensive agreement reached by E3+3/EU and Iran stands out as one of the major achievements in nonproliferation since the 2015 Review Conference. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) demonstrates the great potential of diplomacy in resolving international concerns peacefully. The ROK hopes that all parties to the JCPOA will remain committed to the successful implementation of the agreement.
Spain welcomes the adoption and implementation of the Joint Comprehensive Action Plan agreed upon by EU3 + 3 and Iran, which was endorsed by UN Security Council Resolution 2231. This is a clear sign that dialogue is the right way to promote agreements based on the commitment and the will of all parties. (unofficial translation)
Apart from the DPRK situation, which is deeply worrying, few matters will be more important than the JCPOA. Its full implementation is essential, as is the avoidance of any action undermining mutual trust. The JCPOA further underlines the crucial role of the IAEA in upholding nonproliferation obligations under the NPT.
First, the entry into force of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) related to the Iranian nuclear issue on January 16, 2016 has undoubtedly been a major success for the second pillar of the NPT. The diplomatic channel has resolved one of the most sensitive non-proliferation cases of the past decade. (unofficial translation)
During period under review, we welcome efforts and outcome of the negotiations between Iran and countries of P5+ 1, which culminated on the adoption and signing of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), which will ensure that Iran’s nuclear programme will be exclusively for peaceful purposes. Tanzania would like reiterate that it fully concurs with the fact all states should have free access to nuclear technologies for peaceful purposes without obstacles or discrimination. We encourage Iran to continue engaging constructively with the Agency within framework of JCPOA in order to address all outstanding issues in connection with its nuclear programme.
We support the strict and full implementation of the JCPOA by all parties concerned as well as the IAEA's role in monitoring and verification in Iran.
The agreement on the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action is an important achievement for peace and stability not only for the region but also globally. It testifies to the continued relevance of the NPT.
We reiterate our strong support of this milestone nuclear deal and believe that its further implementation will significantly contribute to strengthening of the non-proliferation regime.
In this regard, UAE has welcomed the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) concluded with Iran, with the hope it will reflect positively on Iran’s behavior in the region. Full and transparent implementation of the JCPOA is essential to build confidence and credibility in Iran’s nuclear activities.