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– Hans Blix,
former IAEA Director-General

International Support for the Iran Nuclear Deal
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Arms Control NOW

Authored by Samantha Pitz on August 31, 2017

International support for the 2015 nuclear deal between the P5+1 (China, France, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States) and Iran remains strong, despite comments by U.S. President Donald Trump threatening the future of the agreement.

The Arms Control Association will be adding international statements in support of the nuclear deal, known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), on this page as they are released.

September 2017: UN General Assembly

Austria

In this regard, we welcomed the Vienna Agreement that placed Iran's nuclear activities under international observation. Undermining this agreement would weaken efforts to achieve negotiated solutions for nuclear disputes.
—Sebastian Kurz, Federal Minister for Europe, Integration, and Foreign Affairs of Austria, September 19, 2017

Bulgaria

The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action on Iran's nuclear program concluded in July 2015 remains of historic significance. Its full implementation is of great importance for regional and global stability. My country reiterates its full support for Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action.
-Rumen Radev, President of Bulgaria, September 20, 2017

The European Union

[W]e also call on all concerned to uphold the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action with Iran as a multilateral deal that is delivering more security for us all.
—Donald Tusk, President of the European Council, September 20, 2017

France

We put together a solid, robust and verifiable agreement with Iran that will ensure that Iran does not obtain nuclear weapons. Renouncing it would be a grave error. Not respecting the Iran Deal would be irresponsible because this is a good agreement that is essential to peace.... We must not cast aside the achievements we have made with previous agreements....Dialouge and multilateralism are the only ways forward.
—Emmanuel Macron, French President, September 19, 2017

Italy

With reference to the Iranian nuclear file, we believe that the international community should assure that the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) remains a success story in the framework of global efforts to counter the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction.
—Paolo Gentiloni, Prime Minister of Italy, September 20, 2017

September 2017: IAEA General Conference

France

The Vienna agreement on Iran's nuclear programme is an essential element of the current non-proliferation regime, which France is determined to preserve. There is indeed no alternative to this agreement. This has to be clear. All the Iranian nuclear commitments must be implemented in a rigorous and transparent manner, on a sustained basis. The parties to the negotiations have a special responsibility in this regard. The role of the IAEA is also essental. France commends and reiterates its support for the work done by the Agency for its precise monitoring of all JCPOA sections.her, supported by a resolution of the U.N. Security Council. 
— Daniel Verwaerde, Chairman of the French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission, September 19, 2017

Germany

The Vienna Agreement between the E3+3 and Iran of July 2015, the JCPoA, is a great achievement for nuclear nonproliferation built on the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty. It has proven that diplomacy can solve political and security challenges of highest complexity. I commend the IAEA for its professional work in conducting comprehensive verification and monitoring of Iran's nuclear related commitments. This is the basis for ensuring that Iran's nuclear program can only serve peaceful purposes now and in the future, which is essential for building mutual trust and confidence. Iran needs to strictly abide by all its commitments under the Nuclear Agreement, and all parties should fulfill theirs in good faith. Germany is committed to the full and sustained implementation of the JCPoA. We have substantially contributed to the IAEA's activities under the JCPoA and the JPA, with more than 4 Mio. Euro of extra-budgetary funding, so far. And we are prepared to continue making substantial contributions in the future. We likewise encourage all Member States to ensure that the IAEA is able to conduct its long-term verification and monitoring mission.
— Thorsten Herdan, Director General of the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy, September 19 2017

The United Kingdom

We welcome the Director General’s reporting that confirms that Iran is adhering to its nuclear-related commitments as outlined in the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action. It is important for all parties to the Plan of Action to implement the agreement fully. Iran’s continued co-operation with the Agency is required, and Member States should assist with continued financial support for the Agency’s monitoring and verification activities.
— John Loughhead, Chief Scientific Adviser at the Department for Business, Energy, and Industrial Strategy, September 18, 2017

September 2017: General

The European Union

The Iran deal is a good and robust agreement that serves the interests of all parties. It is not an agreement between two countries — it is a commitment undertaken by the entire international community on one side and Iran on the other, supported by a resolution of the U.N. Security Council.
— Federica Mogherini, High Representative of the EU for Foreign Policy and Security Policy, September 16, 2017

France

I think that the outcome of this deal is that now we have the monitoring process with the international agency following the situation, and I think it is better than nothing. Why? Because if we stop with this deal ... if we just stop with the nuclear agreement, we will enter into a situation very similar to the North Korean situation.... We need this framework -- if we stop with this agreement, what do you propose, nothing?
— Emmanuel Macron, French President, September 19, 2017

It’s essential to maintain it [the JCPOA] to prevent a spiral of proliferation that would encourage hardliners in Iran to pursue nuclear weapons.
— Jean Yves Le Drian, French Foreign Minister, September 18, 2017

France doesn't support the reopening of the deal. It should be rigorously implemented as it is now. How many times should we repeat it? 
— Gerard Araud, French Ambassador to the United States, September 12, 2017 

Russia

The situation regarding execution of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action on Iran’s nuclear program has been studied. The Russian side stated full execution by Iran of all its obligations, as well as IAEA [International Atomic Energy Agency] Director General who made this conclusion numerous times already.
—Sergey Lavrov, Russian Foreign Minister, September 13, 2017

The United Kingdom

[W]e in the UK feel that Iran – a country of 80 million people, many of them young and potentially liberal – could be won over. I think it is important they see there are benefits from the JCPOA, so we in the UK want that alive.
—Boris Johnson, British Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, September 14, 2017

August 2017

The European Union 

This was not an agreement between the two countries, I have repeated it time and again and I have the impression that we will need to repeat it time and again in the months to come... It was a commitment undertaken by the entire international community on one side and Iran on the other, supported by a resolution of the UN Security Council, and certified regularly by the International Atomic Energy Agency ... Two years on, compliance with the deal is certified by the IAEA and by the Joint Commission I chair with the strong support of Helga [Schmid, Mogherini's deputy], not by one single individual country. And we will have to repeat it time and again in these months to come everywhere we are, because again this is a matter of international security, international safety and also a matter of credibility of international agreements.
—Federica Mogherini, High Representative of the EU for Foreign Policy and Security Policy, August 28, 2017

France

There is no alternative to the regime on nuclear non-proliferation. In the context of what we are living through, the 2015 agreement is what allows us to establish a constructive and demanding dialogue with Iran.
—Emmanuel Macron, French President, August 30, 2017

Russia

Russia is currently working on persuading the US leadership to keep the … Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action... We are focusing our efforts … on convincing our partners in the US government that they need to fulfill their duties under Iran’s nuclear deal. 
—Sergey Ryabkov, 
Russian Deputy Foreign Minister, August 29, 2017

The United Kingdom

The British government... is fully committed to the JCPOA and to its successful implementation. We are working hard with all our partners and with Iran to make a success of JCPOA and we will continue to engage all our partners to that end.
—Nicholas Hopton, British Ambassador to Tehran, August 29, 2017

June 2017

Germany

We stand behind this agreement [the Iran Deal] and want to support all the parties in their efforts to fulfill it. As the Federal Republic of Germany and as Europeans we would oppose any attempts to call it into question. 
—Sigmar Gabriel, German Foreign Minister, June 27, 2017

May 2017: NPT Preparatory Committee Statements

At the 2017 Preparatory Committee meeting for the 2020 Review Conference of the nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) in May, more than 50 states expressed support for the continued implementation of the Iran Deal in their opening statements. The P5+1 members are listed first, followed by the remaining states in alphabetical order. 

The European Union (which led the P5+1 negotiations) and 10 additional European countries, Turkey, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Ukraine, Republic of Moldova, Georgia, and Andorra.

The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) between the E3/EU+3 and Iran demonstrates that it is possible to find peaceful and diplomatic solutions even to the most pressing proliferation challenges. This is a multilateral, successful endeavour, concluded in full conformity with the principles of the NPT and endorsed by the UN Security Council Resolution 2231. The EU remains committed to the JCPOA and this Resolution, welcomes progress made so far in its implementation, and underlines the need to continue ensuring full and effective implementation throughout the entire lifetime of the deal, as verified by the IAEA. We call on Iran to promptly ratify the Additional Protocol and refrain from activities such as ballistic missile tests, which are inconsistent with UN Security Council Resolution 2231.

France 

France welcomes the entry into force of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) on 16 January 2016. This agreement shows that the determination of the international community can contribute to finding appropriate diplomatic and peaceful solutions to proliferation crises.

Germany

Turning to the accomplishments of the non-proliferation pillar, substantial progress was achieved regarding the Iranian nuclear issue during the last NPT Review Cycle: The diplomatic agreement reached between the E3/EU+3 and Iran in July 2015, the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPoA), put an end to a decade-long nuclear dispute with Iran within the logic of the NPT. The JCPoA presents a rare success of diplomacy in a very volatile region: All possible paths to a nuclear bomb for Iran were blocked. Bear in mind: The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty was never called into question during the negotiations between the E3/EU+3 and Iran. On the contrary: All delegations were clear that the NPT was and had to be the basis of all endeavours.

The JCPoA is not built on trust but on verification: The IAEA’s role in monitoring the agreement and reporting to the Board and its Member States is crucial for the building of trust and confidence and for the implementation of the measures related to the relief and lifting of sanctions which the JCPoA foresees in return. Verification is a prerequisite for the buildup and maintenance of trustful relations. The Additional Protocol with its widened scope of inspections whose application by Iran is one important, but – pending ratification - voluntary element of the JCPoA should become the universal gold standard for each and every state.

We reaffirm our strong support for the IAEA’s ongoing efforts to verify Iran’s compliance with its nuclear-related commitments under the JCPoA. Germany has made available 4.1 [million Euros] for nuclear verification in Iran (Geneva Joint Plan of Action and JCPOA) so far and commends those states which have equally contributed financially to the crucial monitoring and verification work of the IAEA in Iran so far.

United Kingdom

The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) is an important contribution to the non-proliferation regime. Since Implementation Day JCPOA on 16 January 2016, the UK has worked with our partners in the Joint Commission to ensure the deal’s success. We welcome the latest report from the IAEA confirming Iran is in compliance with its nuclear-related commitments. The UK remains absolutely committed to rigorous implementation of the JCPOA.

China

China welcomes the conclusion of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) on Iranian nuclear issue in July 2015, and appreciates the progress made since the implementation day of the JCPOA. As a member of P5+1 countries, China has actively participated in the negotiation, and contributed “Chinese Wit” and “Chinese Plan” to the conclusion of the agreement. The JCPOA is an international agreement concluded by the P5+1 and Iran after long-term tough negotiations, and has been endorsed by the United Nations Security Council. All parties should strengthen political will, faithfully fulfill their obligations, and to jointly maintain and implement the JCPOA. Thanks to the hard work in previous negotiations,Chinese and Iranian companies initialed their first commercial contract on the renovation of the Arak heavy-water reactor on April 23, which marked the renovation work has entered the stage of implementation, and reflected China’s responsible attitude and firmly support to the JCPOA.

Russia

Despite a whole range of NPT-related problems, there are still indisputable achievements. First and foremost — the JCPOA. This instrument might be imperfect. It is however a balanced and a very fragile compromise that needs to he treated in a very delicate manner. Enough time has passed to declare with certainty that the deal is effective and fulfills its mandate. Iran strictly abides by its commitments which is regularly confirmed by the IAEA. All elements of the JCPOA have already become fully adjusted to each other and enjoy growing trust of the international community. We encourage all, first and foremost the participants of the JCPOA, to do their utmost to meet the aspirations of the international community in terms of keeping for a long term this symbol of successful diplomacy that has proven that NPT-based negotiations could solve any complex issue.

Argentina

In this context, we can not ignore the clearly positive step achieved with the diplomatically negotiated solution to the Iran issue, with the implementation of the Joint Comprehensive Action Plan. This allows us an optimistic note. (unofficial translation) 

Australia

The conclusion of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) is a significant positive non-proliferation achievement since the last review cycle. 

Austria

We welcome the conclusion of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action with Iran in July 2015 and its implementation under IAEA verification. This has been a significant success for non-proliferation, clearly strengthening the Treaty.

Belgium

The nuclear deal between the E3+3 and Iran is a win-win agreement allowing for technological development under comprehensive IAEA monitoring.

Brazil

Brazil took satisfaction in seeing vindicated our long-standing support for a diplomatic solution that would ensure the exclusively peaceful nature of the Iranian nuclear program. We hope that the successful example of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action reached with Iran will provide inspiration for other pressing regional issues.

Canada

Full implementation by Iran of all of its JCPOA commitments combined with rigorous monitoring and verification by the IAEA, and fulsome reporting by the Agency’s Director General, will continue to help build the confidence of the international community that Iran’s nuclear program is exclusively peaceful in nature.

Czech Republic

We are encouraged by the implementation of the Join Comprehensive Plan of Action. The JCPOA represents a major multilateral achievement endorsed by a UN Security Council resolution. With this in mind, it is my pleasure to recall that the Czech Republic supported the JCPOA with a voluntary financial contribution.

Dominican Republic

We are satisfied with the agreement reached by the five members Permanent members of the Security Council plus Germany and the European Union with the Islamic Republic of Iran, the Action Plan and related to the nuclear program of said Countries, in particular the important role played by the IAEA for the verification of its implementation. (unofficial translation) 

Estonia

The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) between the E3/EU+3 and Iran demonstrates that it is possible to find peaceful and diplomatic solutions even to the most pressing proliferation challenges. This is a multilateral, successful [endeavor], concluded in full conformity with the principles of the NPT. My country remains committed to supporting the JCPOA and its full implementation, as verified by the IAEA. 

Finland  

We are encouraged by the implementation of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action. The JCPOA is a major multilateral achievement endorsed by the UN Security Council. We call on all parties to the JCPOA to implement it in full.

Hungary

We believe that the JCPOA is in full conformity with the principles of the NPT and thus creates a positive example for resolving controversial questions within the broader framework of the Treaty. It is an important non-proliferation instrument, which successfully contributes to the overall goals of the NPT and nonproliferation. It is in the interest of all Parties to the Action Plan that its provisions are fully implemented. So far, we are pleased with the fulfilment of obligations by all sides, which remains crucial throughout the implementation of the JCPOA. 

Indonesia

Indonesia welcomes the continued implementation of Iran’s nuclear commitments under the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), including Iran’s provisional application of the Additional Protocol. Indonesia looks forward to further positive developments on the implementation of nuclear-related measures of the JCPOA, and trusts that in the future, with the successful implementation of the JCPOA and as stipulated in the agreement, the Iranian nuclear programme will eventually be treated in the same manner as that of any other non-nuclear-weapon state party to the NPT. Indonesia encourages all parties to faithfully implement the JCPOA, and reiterates its call for the international community to maintain a positive atmosphere for the implementation of JCPOA.

Ireland

We also have much to learn from the positive experiences of the existing Nuclear Weapons Free Zones and from the positive example of the JCPOA with Iran, which demonstrated what is possible with genuine multilateral diplomacy and commitment to conclude an effective negotiation.

Italy

We welcome the work done by the Agency to monitor the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action between the E3/EU+3 and Iran. We believe that the full implementation of the JCPoA and of UN Security Council Resolution 223 1 can foster international and regional security and encourage mutual trust between the parties involved. Full implementation of the JCPoA strongly underpins the overall non-proliferation architecture. With this in mind, we have undertaken the role of Facilitator for the implementation of UN Security Council Resolution 2231, being committed to helping smooth and productive communication among the major stakeholders. We support efforts by all Parties to ensure that the JCPoA continues to provide benefits for all and remains a success story in line with the clear progress achieved so far more than one year since the implementation day. 

Japan

Japan will continue to support the JCPOA, which strengthens the international non-proliferation regime and the stability of the Middle East region. We will continue to contribute towards the steady implementation of the JCPOA.

Latvia

Latvia welcomes Iran’s efforts in successful implementation of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action. The continuous full implementation of JCPOA will strengthen global nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament efforts in the long-term. In this regard for several years Latvia has made voluntary contributions in support of the JCPOA.

Malaysia

 An example of the successful implementation of safeguards and verifications would be the on-going implementation of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action between Iran and the P5+1 on Iran’s nuclear programme. This example not only reaffirms the importance of the IAEA’s safeguards as a fundamental component to nuclear nonproliferation and its indispensable role in the implementation of the NPT, but also enhances international confidence by providing assurance that States are complying with their safeguard obligations and help to create a conducive environment for nuclear cooperation.

Mexico 

We recognize the historical significance of the 2015 Plan of Action (JCPOA) between Iran and the States of the P5 + 1 group and its positive impact in the stabilization of the Middle East and in the implementation of the NPT, we urge all parties involved to continue to be in full compliance of the JCPOA. (unofficial translation) 

Namibia

Namibia welcomes the successful conclusions of the nuclear negotiations between the Islamic Republic of Iran and P5+1 which resulted in the finalization of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) on 14 July 2015. In the same vein, we call upon all parties to honour their international obligations by abiding to the JCPOA, in the latter and spirit.

Netherlands

We are pleased to note that in July 2015 the EU/E3+3 reached agreement with Iran on the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA). The full implementation of the JCPOA, in which Iran reaffirmed that it will under no circumstances ever seek, develop or acquire any nuclear weapons, will contribute to building confidence in the exclusively peaceful nature of Iran’s nuclear programme. While Iran’s provisional application of the Additional Protocol to its NPT Safeguards Agreement with the IAEA is a welcome development, early ratification by Iran of the Additional Protocol remains essential. The IAEA is responsible for monitoring and verifying Iran’s implementation of its nuclear commitments under the JCPOA. The IAEA will continue to need extra-budgetary funding over the lifetime of the JCPOA in order to fulfill this role. We encourage all States that are in a position to do so, to make a contribution to this end.

New Zealand

New Zealand views the JCPOA as a truly critical agreement, reminding us that even seemingly intractable issues can be resolved through diplomacy and dialogue. We all have a stake in the faithful implementation, and success, of the JCPOA and so we are pleased to announce that New Zealand will contribute another NZD150,000 towards the IAEA's monitoring and verification activities in Iran.

Norway

 The nuclear agreement with Iran – the JCPOA - demonstrates that diplomacy works when there is a political will. It is now essential to sustain this political will in ensuring the full implementation of the Agreement. All States Parties should contribute to this end. Norway has done so and intends to continue doing it. 

Poland

Therefore Poland has recently provided a voluntary financial contribution in support of the Agency's activities in connection with the implementation of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, which we consider an extremely important nonproliferation achievement of the international community, an evidence that regardless of an unfavorable political security atmosphere, the consensus approach can prevail.

Portugal

Portugal entirely supports the implementation of the agreement on Iran’s nuclear programme reached in July 2015.The JCPOA demonstrated that complex nonproliferation challenges can be solved through commitment to a diplomatic solution. We fully expect that all parts concerned will respect and fulfill their commitments under the JCPOA.

Romania

 We welcome the progress made in the implementation of the JCPOA provisions, and, in its support, Romania made a voluntary financial contribution to the Agency's extra-budgetary fund for the IAEA's verification activities in Iran. The JCPOA is an important non-proliferation instrument and a successful, multilateral endeavor, of which all provisions must be fully implemented. 

Singapore

 A key development since the last RevCon in 2015 was the agreement between the E3/EU+3 and Iran on the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA). Singapore commends the continued commitment and political will of all parties in honouring their undertakings under the agreement. It is vital for the JCPOA to be fully and effectively implemented, not just for the E3/EU+3 and Iran, but also for the international community. All parties should therefore remain committed to the agreement and fulfil their respective obligations. We also call on Iran to continue to cooperate fully with the IAEA on all safeguards relevant issues. This will reassure the international community of the exclusively peaceful nature of Iran’s nuclear activities.

Slovakia

The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) demonstrates the possibility of peaceful and diplomatic solutions to the proliferation challenges. Slovakia welcomes progress made so far in its implementation, and underlines the need to continue ensuring full and effective implementation throughout the entire lifetime of the deal. The early ratification by Iran of the Additional Protocol is also essential.

South Africa

South Africa welcomes the progress made towards the implementation of the JCPOA with Iran and calls on all parties involved to fulfil their obligations under the agreement. 

South Korea

For example, the comprehensive agreement reached by E3+3/EU and Iran stands out as one of the major achievements in nonproliferation since the 2015 Review Conference. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) demonstrates the great potential of diplomacy in resolving international concerns peacefully. The ROK hopes that all parties to the JCPOA will remain committed to the successful implementation of the agreement.

Spain

Spain welcomes the adoption and implementation of the Joint Comprehensive Action Plan agreed upon by EU3 + 3 and Iran, which was endorsed by UN Security Council Resolution 2231. This is a clear sign that dialogue is the right way to promote agreements based on the commitment and the will of all parties. (unofficial translation) 

Sweden

Apart from the DPRK situation, which is deeply worrying, few matters will be more important than the JCPOA. Its full implementation is essential, as is the avoidance of any action undermining mutual trust. The JCPOA further underlines the crucial role of the IAEA in upholding nonproliferation obligations under the NPT.

Switzerland

First, the entry into force of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) related to the Iranian nuclear issue on January 16, 2016 has undoubtedly been a major success for the second pillar of the NPT. The diplomatic channel has resolved one of the most sensitive non-proliferation cases of the past decade. (unofficial translation) 

Tanzania

During period under review, we welcome efforts and outcome of the negotiations between Iran and countries of P5+ 1, which culminated on the adoption and signing of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), which will ensure that Iran’s nuclear programme will be exclusively for peaceful purposes. Tanzania would like reiterate that it fully concurs with the fact all states should have free access to nuclear technologies for peaceful purposes without obstacles or discrimination. We encourage Iran to continue engaging constructively with the Agency within framework of JCPOA in order to address all outstanding issues in connection with its nuclear programme.

Thailand

We support the strict and full implementation of the JCPOA by all parties concerned as well as the IAEA's role in monitoring and verification in Iran.

Turkey

The agreement on the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action is an important achievement for peace and stability not only for the region but also globally. It testifies to the continued relevance of the NPT. 

Ukraine

We reiterate our strong support of this milestone nuclear deal and believe that its further implementation will significantly contribute to strengthening of the non-proliferation regime.

United Arab Emirates

In this regard, UAE has welcomed the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) concluded with Iran, with the hope it will reflect positively on Iran’s behavior in the region. Full and transparent implementation of the JCPOA is essential to build confidence and credibility in Iran’s nuclear activities.

Author: 
Samantha Pitz