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"I greatly appreciate your very swift response, and your organization's work in general. It's a terrific source of authoritative information."

– Lisa Beyer
Bloomberg News
August 27, 2018
U.S. 1997 Data for the UN Conventional Arms Register

The UN Register of Conventional Arms, established by the UN secretary-general in January 1992, calls on member-states to provide voluntary submissions on their arms exports and imports, military holdings, procurement through national production and relevant policies during the previous calendar year as a means to promote transparency in armaments. States are requested to provide information on seven categories of weapons: battle tanks, armored combat vehicles (ACVs), large-caliber artillery systems, combat aircraft, attack helicopters, warships, and missiles and missile launchers.

U.S. data, submitted on May 29, reveal that Washington exported 4,759 weapons to 27 states (and Taiwan) in 1997, more than doubling the total of 2,342 items in 1996. Middle Eastern states, including Egypt, received 2,359 of the weapons, easily outdistancing Asian nations (1,377) as the largest importers of U.S. arms.

Missiles and missile launchers accounted for 64.5 percent of all exported items, with Israel receiving nearly half of these. Japan, South Korea and Taiwan also accepted large shipments of missiles and missile launchers.

For the first time since the UN register became operational, the United States included information on the type of equipment exported, but not the specific model. For example, Washington notified delivery of 16 F-16 fighter jets to Greece, but did not include whether the planes were A/B or C/D models.

U.S. holdings and procurements (see second table) show a drop compared to figures reported last year, listed in parentheses.

—For more information contact Wade Boese.

 


Region/Country Battle Tanks ACVs Large Artillery Combat Aircraft Attack Helicopters Warships Missiles & Launchers TOTAL
Africa 519
Morocco     60         60
Egypt   437     6   16 459
Asia 1,377
Japan     14       449 463
Malaysia       8     20 28
Pakistan       2       2
South Korea   3   12     344 359
Singapore             4 4
Taiwan 30     60 9   248 347
Thailand 101 63   10       174
Europe 931
Austria     42         42
Bosnia-Herzegovina     126         126
Denmark       4     44 48
Finland       13       13
Germany             36 36
Greece       19     270 289
Norway     6 1     66 73
Spain       1       1
Switzerland       19       19
Turkey   189   26     69 284
Latin America 30
Argentina       14       14
Brazil   14           14
Mexico           2   2
Middle East 1,900
Bahrain     49   10   4 63
Israel     16       1,502 1,518
Jordan 38   18         56
Lebanon   88           88
Saudi Arabia   159   16       175
Other Regions 2
Australia     2         2
TOTAL 169 953 333 205 25 2 3,072 4,759

Sources: Arms Control and Disarmament Agency; Arms Control Association.

...

U.S. Military Holdings and Procurement Through National Production
Category Military Holdings

1997 (1996)

Procurement

1997 (1996)

I. Battle Tanks 8,971 (9,976) 0 (0)
II. Armored Combat Vehicles 22,747 (22,731) 0 (0)
III. Large-Caliber Artillery Systems 9,879 (9,711) 117 (460)
IV. Combat Aircraft 3,919 (4,014) 21 (23)
V. Attack Helicopters 2,816 (2,717) 7 (20)
VI.Warships 347 (351) 5 (11)
VII. Missiles and Missile Launchers 121,666 (123,731) 1,231 (1,816)