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Chemical Weapons Convention Signatories and States-Parties
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Contact: Daryl KimballExecutive Director, (202) 463-8270 x107

Updated: January 2018

The Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) entered into force on April 29, 1997 and currently has 192 states-parties. One state has signed but not ratified (Israel). Three states have neither signed nor ratified (Egypt, North Korea, and South Sudan).

For a guide to the convention, see The Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) at a Glance.

 

Country

Signature

Ratification/Accession

Afghanistan1/14/93
9/24/03
Albania1/14/93
5/11/94
Algeria1/13/93
8/14/95
Andorra2/27/03
Angola9/16/15
Antigua & Barbuda8/29/05
Argentina1/13/93
10/2/95
Armenia3/19/93
1/27/95
Australia1/13/93
5/6/94
Austria1/13/93
8/17/95
Azerbaijan1/13/93
2/29/00
Bahamas3/2/94
4/21/09
Bahrain2/24/93
4/28/97
Bangladesh1/14/93
4/25/97
Barbados
3/7/07
Belarus1/14/93
7/11/96
Belgium1/13/93
1/27/97
Belize12/1/03
Benin1/14/93
5/14/98
Bhutan4/23/97
8/18/05
Bolivia1/14/93
8/14/98
Bosnia and Herzegovina1/16/97
2/25/97
Botswana
8/31/98
Brazil1/13/93
3/13/96
Brunei Darussalem1/13/93
7/28/97
Bulgaria1/13/93
8/10/94
Burkina Faso1/14/93
7/8/97
Burundi1/15/93
9/4/98
Cambodia1/15/93
7/19/05
Cameroon1/14/93
9/16/96
Canada1/13/93
9/26/95
Cape Verde1/15/93
10/10/03
Central African Republic1/14/93
9/20/06
Chad10/11/94
2/13/04
Chile1/14/93
7/12/96
China1/13/93
4/25/97
Colombia1/13/93
4/5/00
Comoros1/13/93
9/17/06
Congo1/15/93
12/4/07
Cook Islands1/14/93
7/15/94
Costa Rica1/14/93
5/31/96
Côte d'Ivoire1/13/93
12/18/95
Croatia1/13/93
5/23/95
Cuba1/13/93
4/29/97
Cyprus1/13/93
8/28/98
Czech Republic1/14/93
3/6/96
Democratic Republic of Congo1/14/93
10/12/05
Denmark1/14/93
7/13/95
Djibouti9/28/93
1/25/06
Dominica8/2/93
2/12/01
Dominican Republic1/13/93
3/26/09
Ecuador1/14/93
9/6/95
El Salvador1/14/93
10/30/95
Egypt  
Equatorial Guinea1/14/93
4/25/97
Eritrea
2/14/00
Estonia1/14/93
5/26/99
Ethiopia1/14/93
5/13/96
Fiji1/14/93
1/20/93
Finland1/14/93
2/7/95
France1/13/93
3/2/95
Gabon1/13/93
9/8/00
Gambia1/13/93
5/19/98
Georgia1/14/93
11/27/95
Germany1/13/93
8/12/94
Ghana1/14/93
7/9/97
Greece1/13/93
12/22/94
Grenada4/9/97
6/3/05
Guatemala1/14/93
2/12/03
Guinea1/14/93
6/9/97
Guinea-Bissau1/14/93
6/19/08
Guyana10/6/93
9/12/97
Haiti1/14/93
2/22/06
Holy See1/14/93
5/12/99
Honduras1/13/93
8/29/05
Hungary1/13/93
10/31/96
Iceland1/13/93
4/28/97
India1/14/93
9/3/96
Indonesia1/13/93
11/12/98
Iran1/13/93
11/3/97
Iraq1/13/09
Ireland1/14/93
6/24/96
Israel1/13/93
Italy1/13/93
12/8/95
Jamaica4/18/97
9/8/00
Japan1/13/93
9/15/95
Jordan
10/29/97
Kazakhstan1/14/93
3/23/00
Kenya1/15/93
4/25/97
Kiribati
9/7/00
Kuwait1/27/93
5/28/97
Kyrgyzstan2/22/93
9/29/03
Laos5/13/93
2/25/97
Latvia5/6/93
7/23/96
Lebanon11/20/08
Lesotho12/7/94
12/7/94
Liberia1/15/93
3/25/06
Libya1/6/04
Liechtenstein7/21/93
11/24/99
Lithuania1/13/93
4/15/98
Luxembourg1/13/93
4/15/97
Macedonia
6/20/97
Madagascar1/15/93
10/20/04
Malawi1/14/93
6/11/98
Malaysia1/13/93
4/20/00
Maldives10/1/93
5/31/94
Mali1/13/93
4/28/97
Malta1/13/93
4/28/97
Marshall Islands1/13/93
5/19/04
Mauritania1/13/93
2/9/98
Mauritius1/14/93
2/9/93
Mexico1/13/93
8/29/94
Micronesia1/13/93
6/21/99
Moldova1/13/93
7/8/96
Monaco1/13/93
6/1/95
Mongolia1/14/93
1/17/95
Montenegro
10/23/06
Morocco1/13/93
12/28/95
Mozambique
8/15/00
Myanmar1/14/9308/07/15
Namibia1/13/93
11/27/95
Nauru1/13/93
11/12/01
Nepal1/19/93
11/18/97
Netherlands1/14/93
6/30/95
New Zealand1/14/93
7/15/96
Nicaragua3/9/93
11/5/99
Niger1/14/93
4/9/97
Nigeria1/13/93
5/20/99
Niue
4/21/05
North Korea  
Norway1/13/93
4/7/94
Oman2/2/93
2/8/95
Pakistan1/13/93
10/28/97
Palau2/3/03
Panama6/16/93
10/7/98
Papua New Guinea1/14/93
4/17/96
Paraguay1/14/93
12/1/94
Peru1/14/93
7/20/95
Philippines1/13/93
12/11/96
Poland1/13/93
8/23/95
Portugal1/13/93
9/10/96
Qatar2/1/93
9/3/97
Romania1/13/93
2/15/95
Russia1/13/93
11/5/97
Rwanda5/17/93
3/31/04
St. Kitts & Nevis3/16/94
5/21/04
St. Lucia3/29/93
4/9/97
St. Vincent & the Grenadines9/20/93
9/18/02
Samoa1/14/93
9/27/02
San Marino1/13/93
12/10/99
Sao Tome and Principe9/9/03
Saudi Arabia1/20/93
8/9/96
Senegal1/13/93
7/20/98
Serbia4/20/00
Seychelles1/15/93
4/7/93
Sierra Leone1/15/93
9/30/04
Singapore1/14/93
5/21/97
Slovak Republic1/14/93
10/27/95
Slovenia1/14/93
6/11/97
Solomon Islands
9/23/04
Somalia5/29/13
South Africa1/14/93
9/13/95
South Korea1/14/93
4/28/97
South Sudan  
Spain1/13/93
8/3/94
Sri Lanka1/14/93
8/19/94
Sudan
5/24/99
Suriname4/28/97
4/28/97
Swaziland9/23/93
11/20/96
Sweden1/13/93
6/17/93
Switzerland1/14/93
3/10/95
Syria 9/12/13*
Tajikistan1/14/93
1/11/95
Tanzania2/25/94
6/25/98
Thailand1/14/93
12/10/02
Timor Leste5/7/03
Togo1/13/93
4/23/97
Tonga5/29/03
Trinidad & Tobago
6/24/97
Tunisia1/13/93
4/15/97
Turkey1/14/93
5/12/97
Turkmenistan10/12/93
9/29/94
Tuvalu
1/19/04
Uganda1/14/93
11/30/01
Ukraine1/13/93
10/16/98
United Arab Emirates2/2/93
11/28/00
United Kingdom1/13/93
5/13/96
United States1/13/93
4/25/97
Uruguay1/15/93
10/6/94
Uzbekistan11/24/95
7/23/96
Vanuatu
9/16/05
Venezuela1/14/93
12/3/97
Vietnam1/13/93
9/30/98
Yemen2/8/93
10/2/00
Zambia1/13/93
2/9/01
Zimbabwe1/13/93
4/25/97

*Syria sent a letter to the United Nations Secretary General which said that Assad signed a legislative decree providing the accession of Syria to the Chemical Weapons Convention. In the letter, Assad said Syria would observe its CWC obligations immediately, as opposed to 30 days from the date of accession, as stipulated in the treaty.

    Source: Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons

    Posted: January 23, 2018