"I salute the Arms Control Association … for its keen vision of the goals ahead and for its many efforts to identify and to promote practical measures that are so vitally needed to achieve them."

– Amb. Nobuyasu Abe
Former UN Undersecretary General for Disarmament Affairs
January 28, 2004
Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC)

The Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) is the first multilateral framework that seeks to eliminate chemical weapons as a category of weapons of mass destruction. The Preparatory Commission for the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) was established in 1997 as the entry-into-force of the CWC in order to lay out standard operating procedures and implement the regime of the CWC. The provisions of the CWC create a transparent regime that can verify the destruction of chemical weapons, prevent the re-emergence in any party, and provide protection against chemical weapons. It also encourages cooperation on the peaceful uses of chemistry.

Opened for Signature: 13 January 1993

Entry into force: 29 April 1997

Official Text: http://disarmament.un.org/treaties/t/cwc/text

Status and Signatories: http://disarmament.un.org/treaties/t/cwc

ACA Backgrounder: https://www.armscontrol.org/factsheets/cwcglance