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I salute the Arms Control Association … for its keen vision of the goals ahead and for its many efforts to identify and to promote practical measures that are so vitally needed to achieve them. -

– Amb. Nobuyasu Abe
Former UN Undersecretary General for Disarmament Affairs
January 28, 2004
December 2006 Bibliography
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Of Special Interest

Arms Control Association, The 2006 Biological Weapons Convention Review Conference: Articles and Interviews on Tackling the Threats Posed by Biological Weapons, November 2006, 68 pp.

Handicap International, Fatal Footprint: The Global Human Impact of Cluster Munitions, November 2006, 59 pp.

JASON, Pit Lifetime, The MITRE Corporation, November 20, 2006, 17 pp.

Johnson, Rebecca, Nicola Butler and Stephen Pullinger, Worse Than Irrelevant? British Nuclear Weapons in the 21 st Century, Acronym Institute, November 22, 2006, 75 pp.

Kristensen, Hans M., Robert S. Norris and Matthew G. McKinzie, Chinese Nuclear Forces and U.S. Nuclear War Planning, The Federation of American Scientists and The Natural Resources Defense Council, November 2006, 261 pp.

Perkovich, George, “Democratic Bomb”: Failed Strategy, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace Policy Brief, November 2006, 8 pp.

Steinmeier, Frank-Walter, and Støre, Jonas Gahr, “Two Sides of the Same Coin: Nuclear Non-Proliferation and Nuclear Disarmament,” Frankfurter Rundschau, November 11, 2006.

I. Strategic Arms

Arieff, Irwin, “Annan Fears World Paralysis on Nuclear Arms Threat,” Reuters, November 29, 2006.

Arnold, John, “Nuke Cores Should Last; Study Brings Bush Plan into Question,” Albuquerque Journal, November 30, 2006, p. A1.

Blair, Bruce G., and Chen, Yali, “The Fallacy of Nuclear Primacy,” China Security, Autumn 2006, p. 51.

Associated Press, “Putin: Russia Must Maintain Nuclear Capability Guaranteeing Destruction of Any Aggressor,” November, 16, 2006.

Brown, Colin, “Blix vs. Blair (But This Time it is Over Our Weapons of Mass Destruction),” The Independent, November 27, 2006.

Department of State, Annual Report on Implementation of the Moscow Treaty, October 2006, 5 pp.

Hebert, H. Josef, “Study Shows Plutonium in Warheads Last Longer Than Expected,” Associated Press, November 30, 2006.

Hodge, Nathan, “US Commences Warhead Upgrade for Minuteman Missiles,” Jane’s Defence Weekly, November 22, 2006, p. 7.

Hoffman, Ian, “Bomb Scientists Say Old Nukes Not Enough,” Inside Bay Area, November 30, 2006.

Hoffman, Ian, “Report Undercuts Administration Push for More Nukes,” Inside Bay Area, November 29, 2006.

Hoffman, Ian, “New, Safer Nuke Re-Enters U.S. Arsenal,” Inside Bay Area, November 27, 2006.

Kortunov, Sergei, “ Russia Must Remain a Major Nuclear Power,” RIA Novosti, November 29, 2006.

Lewis, J A C, “France Test Fires Nuclear Missile,” Jane’s Defence Weekly, November 15, 2006, p. 5.

Mendelsohn, Jack, “The New Threats: Nuclear Amnesia, Nuclear Legitimacy,” Current History, November 2006, p. 385.

Natural Resources Defense Council, “Where the Bombs Are, 2006,” Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, November/December 2006, p. 57.

Pincus, Walter, “Plutonium Lifespan in U.S. Weapons Much Longer Than Thought,” The Washington Post, November 30, 2006, p. A9.

RIA Novosti, “ Russia Prioritizes Strategic Forces on Security Agenda,” November 16, 2006.

RIA Novosti, “ Russia to Buy 17 ICBMs in 2007,” November 17, 2006.

Safranchuk, Ivan, “Beyond MAD,” China Security, Autumn 2006, p. 90.

Sterngold, James, “Summary of Classified Plutonium Study Released; Feinstein, Others See Less Urgency for New Nuclear Warheads,” The San Francisco Chronicle, November 30, 2006, p. A10.

Sterngold, James, “Doubts Cast on Need for New Nukes; Study Finds Plutonium May Last Twice as Long as Expected,” The San Francisco Chronicle, November 15, 2006, p. A13.

II. Nuclear Proliferation

Broad, William J., “The Struggle for Iraq: U.S. Web Archive is Said to Reveal Nuclear Primer,” The New York Times, November 3, 2006, p. A1.

Butler, Kenley, Sammy Salama, and Leonard S. Spector, “The Khan Network: Where is the Justice?” Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, November/December 2006, p. 25.

Costa, Keith J., “Commission: China Hampers International Nonproliferation Efforts,” Inside Missile Defense, November 8, 2006, p. 3.

Hibbs, Mark, “The Unmaking of a Nuclear Smuggler,” Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, November/December 2006, p. 35.

Langewiesche, William, “How to Get a Nuclear Bomb,” The Atlantic Monthly, December 2006, p. 80.

Linzer, Dafna, “Optimism Turns to Anxiety on Curbing Nuclear Arms,” The Washington Post, November 3, 2006, p. A23.

Linzer, Dafna, “ U.S. Shuts Web Site that Contained Nuclear Details,” The Washington Post, November 3, 2006, p. A8.

O’Hanlon, Michael, “What if a Nuclear-Armed State Collapses?” Current History, November 2006, p. 379.

Sokolski, Henry, “Too Speculative? Getting Serious about Nuclear Terrorism,” The New Atlantis, Fall 2006, p. 119.

Squassoni, Sharon, India and Iran: WMD Proliferation Activities, Congressional Research Service, November 8, 2006, 6 pp.

Yamaguchi, Mari, “ Japan Capable of Making Nuclear Weapons,” Associated Press, November 30, 2006.

Zimmerman, Peter D., and Lewis, Jeffrey G., “The Bomb in the Backyard,” Foreign Policy, November/December 2006, p. 33.

India

Costa, Keith J., and Bishnoi, Rati, “Senate OKs Bill to Implement Landmark U.S.-India Nuclear Trade Deal,” Inside Missile Defense, November 22, 2006, p. 1.

Gentleman, Amelia, “ U.S. Senate Vote on Nuclear Deals Draws Guarded Praise by India,” The New York Times, November 18, 2006, p. A6.

Linzer, Dafna, “Senate Backs White House Plan for India Nuclear Deal,” The Washington Post, November 17, 2006, p. A14.

Linzer, Dafna, “Lawmakers Concerned About U.S.-Indian Nuclear Trade Deal,” The Washington Post, November 15, 2006, p. A14.

Milhollin, Gary, “The US-India Nuclear Pact: Bad for Security,” Current History, November 2006, p. 371.

Mistry, Dinshaw, and Ganguly, Sumit, “The US-India Nuclear Pact: A Good Deal,” Current History, November 2006, p. 375.

Mukherjee, Krittivas, “ India Nuclear Deal Likely Final by May: U.S. Envoy,” Reuters, November 29, 2006.

Rajesh, Y. P., and Giacomo, Carol, “ India Cautiously Welcomes U.S. Nuclear Vote,” Reuters, November 17, 2006.

Stephenson, John, and Tynan, Peter, Will the US-India Civil Nuclear Cooperation Initiative Light India? Dalberg Global Development Advisors, November 13, 2006, 57 pp.

Wonacott, Peter, “ India Nuclear Pact May Create a Broad Opening for U.S. Firms,” The Wall Street Journal, November 18-19, 2006, p. A4.

Iran

Albright, David and Shire, Jacqueline, Latest IAEA Report on Iran: Continued Progress on Cascade Operations, No New Cooperation with the IAEA, The Institute for Science and International Security, November 14, 2006, 2 pp.

Broad, William J., “As Iran Seeks Aid, Atom Agency Faces Quandary,” The New York Times, November 19, 2006, p. A1.

Center for Defense Information, UN Security Council and IAEA Grapple with Iranian Nuclear Defiance, November 23, 2006.

Broad, William J., and Fathi, Nazila, “ Iran’s Leader Cites Progress on Nuclear Plans,” The New York Times, November 15, 2006, p. A8.

Clawson, Patrick and Eisenstadt, Michael, Forcing Hard Choices on Tehran: Raising the Costs of Iran’s Nuclear Program, The Washington Institute for Near East Policy, November 2006, 56 pp.

Dreazen, Yochi J., and King Jr., Neil, “Why Iran Shares the U.S. Spotlight with Iraq,” The Wall Street Journal, November 14, 2006, p. A4.

Feinstein, Lee and Levi, Michael, “To Persuade Iran, Back Talk with Sanctions,” International Herald Tribune, November 10, 2006.

Freedman, Robert O., Russia, Iran and the Nuclear Question: The Putin Record,” Strategic Studies Institute, November 2006, 54 pp.

Fox, Jon, “ Iran Nuclear Bomb Imminent, Former CIA Chief Says,” Global Security Newswire, November 16, 2006.

Hassan, Hussein D., Iranian Nuclear Sites, Congressional Research Service, November 13, 2006, 4 pp.

Hoagland, Jim, “Ping Pong Diplomacy for Iran,” The Washington Post, November 5, 2006, p. B7.

International Atomic Energy Agency, Implementation of the NPT Safeguards Agreement in the Islamic Republic of Iran, November 14, 2006, 4 pp.

Karimi, Nasser, “Ahmadinejad says Iran will be Self-Sufficient in Nuclear Fuel by Next Year,” Associated Press, November 20, 2006.

Karimi, Nasser, “Iranian Ayatollah Remains Firm on Nukes,” Associated Press, November 8, 2006.

Kerr, Paul, “Divided From Within,” Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, November/December 2006, p. 17.

Leopold, Evelyn “ Russia Seeks to Calm Europe on Iran Nuclear Arms,” Reuters, November 9, 2006.

Muravchik, Joshua, “Bomb Iran,” Los Angeles Times, November 19, 2006.

Pollack, Kenneth M., “Bringing Iran to the Bargaining Table,” Current History, November 2006, p. 365.

Shire, Jacqueline, and Albright, David, Iran’s Nuclear Program: Flawed House Intelligence Committee Report Should be Amended or Withdrawn, The Institute for Science and International Security, November 9, 2006, 4 pp.

Sokolski, Henry, “Here’s What to do if Iran Really Starts to Play Tough,” The Philadelphia Inquirer, November 14, 2006.

Takeyh, Ray, “Confronting Iran: Take Ahmadinejad with a Grain of Salt,” Los Angeles Times, November 19, 2006.

United Press International, “UN Nuclear Probe of Iran Hampered by Blind Spots,” November 28, 2006.

Williams, Stuart, “ Iran Wants 60,000 Centrifuges in Nuclear Drive: Ahmadinejad,” Agence France-Presse, November 14, 2006.

Israel

Karpin, Michael, “Will Israel Join the Nuclear Club?” Haaretz, November 24, 2006.

North Korea

Associated Press, “Ex-U.N. Weapons Inspector Blix Says Matter of Time Before North Korea Perfects Nuke Bomb,” November 17, 2006.

Bennett, Bruce, “ North Korea Policy Options,” United Press International, November 24, 2006.

Bliss, Jeff, “ N. Korea Cargo-Screening May Miss Nuclear Contraband,” Bloomberg News, November 3, 2006.

Carpenter, Ted Galen, “Nuclear Neighbors Might Thwart N. Korea,” The Chicago Sun Times, November 11, 2006.

Cooper, Helene. “ North Korea Talks: Back to the Table, Some Reluctantly,” The New York Times, November 2, 2006, p. A8.

Cooper, Helene, and Sanger, David E., “ U.S. Signals New Incentives for North Korea,” The New York Times, November 19, 2006, p. A8.

Dreazen, Yochi J., and Ramstad, Evan, “ U.S. Stance on North Korea Hits Hurdles at Summit,” The Wall Street Journal, November 20, 2006, p. A5.

Kahn, Joseph, and Cooper, Helene, “ North Korea Will Resume Nuclear Talks,” The New York Times, November 1, 2006, p. A1.

Kralev, Nicholas, “N. Korea Agrees to Six-Party Talks,” The Washington Times, November 1, 2006, p. A1.

Mathewson, Judy, “Carter Says Claim that North Korea Cheated is False,” Bloomberg News, November 3, 2006.

Nabeshima, Keizo, “What are Kim’s Objectives?” The Japan Times, November 14, 2006.

Nye, Joseph S., “Nonproliferation after North Korea,” The Washington Post, November 5, 2006, p. B7.

Paulus, Andreas L., and Müller, Jörn, Security Council Resolution 1718 on North Korea’s Nuclear Test, American Society of International Law Insight, November 3, 2006.

Ramberg, Bennett, “Why North Korea Loves the Bomb: Its Nuclear Weapons Program Plays a Major Role in Propping up Kim Jong Il’s Repressive Regime,” Los Angeles Times, November 1, 2006, p. A19.

Ramstad, Evan, “ South Korea Imposes Package of Mild Penalties on the North,” The Wall Street Journal, November 14, 2006, p. A6.

Sigal, Leon V., “The Lessons of North Korea’s Test,” Current History, November 2006, p. 363.

Valencia, Mark J., “Resolution on Korea: Now Comes the Hard Part,” Asia Times, November 7, 2006.

Zhang, Liangui, “Coping with a Nuclear North Korea,” China Security, Autumn 2006, p. 2.

III. Nonproliferation

Coleman, Joseph, “IAEA Chief Urges Ban on Nuclear Tests,” Associated Press, November 30, 2006.

Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada, Global Partnership Program: Making a Difference, 2006, 30 pp.

Heinrich, Mark, “ U.S. Urges Europe to Prevent WMD Proliferation,” Reuters, November 8, 2006.

Marsh, Gerald E., and Stanford, George S., “Batteries Included: How to Spread Nuclear Power without Sharing Nuclear Know-How,” Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, November/December 2006, p. 19.

Perkovich, George, “The End of the Nonproliferation Regime?” Current History, November 2006, p. 355.

RIA-Novosti, “ Russia Scraps 145 out of 197 Decommissioned Nuclear Submarines,” November 29, 2006.

Schwellenbach, Nick, and Stockton, Peter D. H., “Nuclear Lockdown,” Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, November/December 2006, p. 45.

Sprenger, Sebastian, “Global Initiative Members Green-Light Governing Principles in Morocco,” Inside Missile Defense, November 8, 2006, p. 5.

Wier, Anthony and Bunn, Matthew, “Bombs That Won’t Go Off,” The Washington Post, November 19, 2006, p. B7.

The Yomiuri Shimbun , “Poll: 80% Support Upholding Japan’s Nonnuclear Principles,” November 21, 2006.

IV. Missiles and Missile Defense

Agence France-Presse, “ Pakistan Test Fires Nuclear-Capable Missile,” November 29, 2006.

Bousso, Ron, “ Israel Seeks New Technology to Shoot Down Rockets from Gaza,” Agence France-Presse, November 23, 2006.

Coyle, Philip E., “The Limits and Liabilities of Missile Defense,” Current History, November 2006, p. 391.

Deutsche Press-Agentur, “ India Successfully Conducts First Missile Interceptor Test,” November 27, 2006.

Karimi, Nasser, “ Iran Test Fires 3 New Missiles in Gulf,” Associated Press, November 3, 2006.

Kyodo News, “Aso, Rice to Put Missile Shield on Fast-Track Status,” November 17, 2006.

Liang, John, “Skeptics Call for Reining in Missile Defense Spending,” Inside Missile Defense, November 22, 2006, p. 1.

Liang, John, “DOD: Should BMDS Programs Get High-Production Priority?” Inside Missile Defense, November 8, 2006, p. 1.

RIA-Novosti, “Causes of Bulava Missile Test Failure Still Unknown: Space Agency,” November 28, 2006.

Roosevelt, Ann, “NATO, SAIC, Sign Contract for Theater Missile Defense Test Bed,” Defense Daily, November 29, 2006.

Rubin, Uzi, The Global Reach of Iran’s Ballistic Missiles, Institute for National Security Studies Memorandum 86, November 2006, 48 pp.

Sieff, Martin, “The Geopolitics of Japan’s BMD,” United Press International, November 24, 2006.

V. Chemical and Biological Arms

Associated Press, “Russian Officials Deny Report of Accident at Chemical Weapons Reprocessing Site,” November 23, 2006.

Center for Strategic and International Studies, The Biological Weapons Threat and Nonproliferation Options: A Survey of Senior U.S. Decision Makers and Policy Shapers, November 2006, 43 pp.

Eisler, Peter, “Pentagon Delays Chemical Weapons Disposal,” USA Today, November 20, 2006.

Fox, Jon,“ Russia, U.S. Discuss New Path for CW Disposal Plant,” Global Security Newswire, November 2, 2006.

Ha, K. Oanh, “Chemical’s Legacy of Suffering: Many Say U.S. Should Help Victims of Wartime Poison,” Mercury News, November 21, 2006.

Harrell, Eben, “Worlds’ Most Deadly Bugs…In the Hands of Terrorists,” The Scotsman News, November 14, 2006.

Rosenberg, Barbara Hatch, “Watching While They Work,” Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, November/December 2006, p. 64.

Ruppe, David, “Biological Weapons Threat Has Shifted, U.S. Official Says,” Global Security Newswire, November 10, 2006.

Schneidmiller, Chris, “Nations Seek CW Treaty Relief,” Global Security Newswire, November 28, 2006.

Stringer, David, “Bid to Buy Chemical Weapons is Alleged,” Associated Press, November 14, 2006.

Tinger, Brooks, “More Focus Needed on Aftermath of Bio-Attacks,” Defense News, November 6, 2006, p. 26.

United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research, Disarmament Forum: Toward a Stronger BTWC, 2006, No. 3, 63 pp.

VI. Conventional Arms

Associated Press, “Civilians the Overwhelming Victims of Cluster Bombs, Report Says,” International Herald Tribune, November 2, 2006.

Beehner, Lionel, The Campaign to Ban Cluster Bombs, Council on Foreign Relations Backgrounder, November 21, 2006.

Beehner, Lionel, Russia-Iran Arms Trade, Council on Foreign Relations Backgrounder, November 1, 2006.

Bender, Bryan, “US is Top Purveyor on Weapons Sales List,” The Boston Globe, November 13, 2006.

Berrigan, Frida, “United States Rides Weapons Bonanza Wave” Foreign Policy in Focus, November 16, 2006.

Blagov, Sergei, “ Russia Eyes Global Lead in Arms Exports,” ISN Security Watch, November 24, 2006.

Farah, Douglas, and Braun, Stephen, “The Merchant of Death,” Foreign Policy, November/December 2006, p. 53.

Forero, Juan, “For Colombians, A Growing Peril from Land Mines,” The Washington Post, November 2, 2006, p. A1.

Hartung, William D., “Pushing Democracy, or Arms?” The National Interest, November 3, 2006.

Human Rights Watch, “ Norway Opens Way to Cluster Munition Treaty,” November 17, 2006.

Kahaner, Larry, “Weapon of Mass Destruction,” The Washington Post, November 26, 2006, p. B1.

Klapper, Bradley S., “Red Cross Steps up Campaign Against Cluster Bombs, Urges Ban,” Associated Press, November 6, 2006.

Leigh, David, “Saudi Arms Deal Inquiry Closes in on Secret Papers,” The Guardian, November 20, 2006.

Leigh, David, and Evans, Rob, “BAE Secret Millions Linked to Arms Broker,” The Guardian, November 29, 2006.

Lewis, J A C, “France Posts Arms Sale Upturn,” Jane’s Defence Weekly, November 1, 2006, p. 16.

Lynch, Colum, “U.N. Report Cites Outside Military Aid to Somalia’s Islamic Forces,” The Washington Post, November 15, 2006, p. A13.

Myre, Greg, “Israeli General Orders Lebanon Inquiry,” The New York Times, November 20, 2006, p. A8.

Norton-Taylor, Robert, “Civilians Main Cluster Bomb Victims,” The Guardian, November 3, 2006.

Schroeder, Matthew, and Lamb, Guy, “The Illicit Arms Trade in Africa: A Global Enterprise,” African Analyst, Third Quarter 2006, p. 69.

Sengupta, Kim, “Study Says Almost All Cluster Bomb Victims are Children,” The Independent, November 3, 2006.

Stohl, Rachel, and Murphy, Tim, U.S. Arms Still Dominate International Market, Russia Leader to Developing World, Center for Defense Information, November 15, 2006.

Stohl, Rachel, Matthew Schroeder and Dan Smith, The Small Arms Trade: A Beginner’s Guide, One World Publishers, November 2006.

Wayne, Leslie, “Foreign Sales by U.S. Arms Makers Doubled in a Year,” The New York Times, November 11, 2006, p. C3.

Weinberger, Sharon, “Seller’s Market: The U.S. Arms Industry is Experiencing an Unexpected Boom Year with a Near Record-Setting $21 Billion in Foreign Military Sales,” Aviation Week & Space Technology, November 20, 2006, p. 42.

Williams, Jody, Shirin Ebadi, Wangari Maathai, Rigoberta Menchu Tum, Betty Williams, and Mairead Corrigan Maguire, “Ban the Bomblets,” Ottawa Citizen, November 15, 2006, p. A17.

VII. U.S. Policy

Congressional Budget Office, Long-Term Implications of Current Defense Plans: Summary Update for Fiscal Year 2007, October 2006, 32 pp.

Gertz, Bill, “ U.S. Speeds Attack Plans for N. Korea: Pushed by Nuke Test, Pentagon Targets Plant,” The Washington Times, November 3, 2006, p. A1.

Hersh, Seymour M., “The Next Act: Is a Damaged Administration Less Likely to Attack Iran, or More?” The New Yorker, November 27, 2006.

Slackman, Michael, and Sanger, David E., “Envisioning U.S. Talks with Iran and Syria,” The New York Times, November 19, 2006, p. 1, Section 4.

VIII. Space

Anderson, Hil, “Space Cost Controls Urged,” United Press International, November 28, 2006.

Associated Press, “Report: Russian Official Sharply Criticizes Assertive New U.S. Space Policy,” November 29, 2006.

Government Accountability Office, Space Acquisitions: DOD Needs to Take More Action to Address Unrealistic Initial Cost Estimates of Space Systems, November 2006, 56 pp.

Johnson, Rebecca, Europe’s Space Policies and Their Relevance to the EU’s Security and Defence Policy, European Parliament Policy Department External Affairs, November 2006, 70 pp.

Liang, John, “GAO: DOD Should Address ‘Unrealistic’ Space System Cost Estimates,” Inside Missile Defense, November 22, 2006, p. 1.

Scott, William B., “Space Control Redux,” Aviation Week & Space Technology, November 6, 2006, p. 54.

IX. Other

Baker, Deborah, “Report: Los Alamos Security Flawed,” Associated Press, November 29, 2006.

Beeston, Richard, “Six Arab States Join Rush to go Nuclear,” The Times, November 4, 2006.

Interfax-AVN, “Defense Minister Says Russia ‘Duped’ by NATO over Expansion,” November 1, 2006.

Linzer, Dafna and Pincus, Walter, “Taliban, Al-Qaeda Resurge in Afghanistan, CIA Says,” The Washington Post, November 16, 2006, p. A22.

Shanahan, Dennis, and Kerr, Joseph, “Howard to Defy US on Nuclear Plant,” The Australian, November 11, 2006.

Vartabedian, Ralph, “Breach at Lab Called Significant,” Los Angeles Times, November 2, 2006.