May 2005 Bibliography


Fiorill, Joe, “Former High-Level Officials Push for Stronger NPT,” Global Security Newswire, April 6, 2005.

Graham Jr., Thomas, “Sixty Years After Hiroshima, A New Nuclear Era,” Current History, April 2005, pp. 147-152.

Overbye, Dennis, “Philip Morrison, 89, Builder of First Atom Bomb, Dies,” The New York Times, April 26, 2005, p. B9.

Quester, George H., “If the Nuclear Taboo Gets Broken,” Naval War College Review, Vol. 58, no. 2, Spring 2005, pp. 71-91.



Bender, Bryan, “In Talks, China Dismisses U.S. Proposal for Military Hot Line,” The Boston Globe, April 29, 2005, p. A12.

Blumenthal, Dan, “Providing Arms: China in the Middle East,” The Middle East Quarterly, Vol. 12, no. 2, Spring 2005.

Bokhari, Farhan, “China and Pakistan in Deal on Reactors,” Financial Times, April 11, 2005, p. 3.

Cody, Edward, “China Builds a Smaller, Stronger Military: Modernization Could Alter Regional Balance of Power, Raising Stakes for U.S.,” The Washington Post, April 12, 2005, p. A1.

Dickie, Mure, Victor Mallet and Demetri Sevastopulo, “ Washington is Turning its Attention From the Middle East to Contemplate a Previously Disregarded Threat That the Bush Administration Now Sees as More Worrying Even Than North Korea's Nuclear Weapons Programme,” Financial Times, April 7, 2005, p. 17.

Goldstein, Lyle J. with Andrew S. Erickson, China’s Nuclear Force Modernization, (Naval War College Press: Rhode Island, 2005).

Lewis, Jeffery, “ China's Nuclear Capability,” The Washington Post, April 30, 2005, p. 18.

Mistry, Dinshaw, “Nuclear Asia’s Challenges,” Current History, April 2005, pp. 176-182.

Shanker, Thom, and Jim Yardley, “Chinese Navy Buildup Gives Pentagon New Worries,” The New York Times, April 8, 2005, p. A3.


The Economist, “Delayed Take-Off: South Asia's Arms Race,” April 2, 2005.

India Business Insight , “Scientists Target on Developing Surface-To-Air Missile: Missile to be Ready for Flight Trials by End of 2005,” April 15, 2005.


Agence France Presse, “Europe ‘Rock-Solid’ that Iran Cease Enrichment Ahead of New Talks,” April 15, 2005.

Agence France Presse, “Iran Denies Ukraine Delivered Cruise Missiles,” April 11, 2005.

Agence France Presse, “Iran Sees Improved Prospects in Nuclear Talks,” April 10, 2005.

Agence France Presse, “It's Our Way or No Way on Nuclear Talks: Iran,” April 21, 2005.

Associated Press, “ Iran Keeps to Atomic Agenda,” April 25, 2005.

BBC Monitoring, “Deadlock in Nuclear Talks Europe’s Defeat-Iran’s Nuclear Official,” April 22, 2005.

Charbonneau, Louis, “Chirac pushes EU to Drop Hard Line on Iran, Diplomats,” Reuters, April 13, 2005.

Dareini, Ali Akbar, “Iran Not Worried Over Threat of Sanctions,” Associated Press, April 25, 2005.

Dinmore, Guy, “Uranium Proposal Unites U.S. and Iran in Opposition,” Financial Times, April 5, 2005, p. 10.

Farah, Joseph, “Iran Plans to Knock Out U.S. With 1 Nuclear Bomb: Tests Missiles for Electro- Magnetic Pulse Weapon That Could Destroy America's Technical Infrastructure,” World Net Daily , April 25, 2005.

Fathi, Nazila, “ Iran Losing Patience With Europe Talks On Nuclear Program,” The New York Times, April 21, 2005, p. A9.

Heer, Jeet, and Laura Rozen, “Hard-Liners Want Evidence That Iran is Up to No Good, and They're Turning to Strange Sources to Get It,” The American Prospect, April 2005, p. 17.

Khalaf, Roula, and Gareth Smyth, “ EU Trio's Relief Over Tehran's Nuclear Offer May Prove Short-Lived: The Challenge is Keeping Talks Going While Rejecting Iran's Proposal That It Continues Some Uranium Enrichment ,” Financial Times, April 21, 2005, p. 8.

Khalaf, Roula, and Gareth Smyth, “Iran Turns Up Heat on Europe as Nuclear Talks Loom,” Financial Times, April 20, 2005, p. 9.

King, Neil, “Rice Plays Down Iran, North Korea Nuclear Threats,” The Wall Street Journal, April 14, 2005, p. A4.

Leavitt, Paul, “ Iran Plans to Resume Uranium Enrichment,” USA Today, April 25, 2005, p. A8.

Los Angeles Times , “On Visit, Putin Criticizes Iran's Nuclear Program,” April 29, 2005, p. A10.

Marshall, Tyler, “Sharon Denies Any Plan to Bomb Iranian Nuclear Plants: Israeli Premier Says Tehran is Working on Weapons But the Issue Needs a United Response,” Los Angeles Times, April 14, 2005, p. A3.

Mouawad, Jad, “Facing Sanctions, Iran Uses Oil to Seek Allies,” The New York Times, April 19, 2005.

Perkovich, George, and Revati Prasad, “A Pipeline to Peace,” The New York Times, April 18, 2005, p. A19.

Sanger, David E., “Sharon Asks U.S. to Pressure Iran on Nuclear Arms,” The New York Times, April 13, 2005, p. A1.

Seattle Times, The, “Israeli Official: Iran Must Be Confronted,” April 14, 2005, p. A10.

Sevastopulo, Demetri, “Message for Iran in Bomb Offer to Israel,” Financial Times, April 27, 2005, p. 1.

Slavin, Barbara, “ U.S. Aims to Spend Money in Iran,” USA Today, April 10, 2005.

Smith, Craig S., “Iran Leader Sees Progress in Paris Talks on Nuclear Program,” The New York Times , April 6, 2005, p. A6.

Weisman, Steven R., “Sharon, Ending U.S. Visit, Says Israel Has No Plan to Hit Iran,” The New York Times, April 14, 2005, p. A14.

Vakil, Sanam, “The Persian Dilemma: Will Iran Go Nuclear?” Current History, April 2005, pp. 183-188.


Glanz, James, “Arms Equipment Plundered in ’03 Surfaces in Iraq,” The New York Times, April 17, 2005, p. A1.

Lederer, Edith M., “IAEA Calls for Review of Key Iraqi Sites,” Associated Press, April 15, 2005.

MacAskill, Ewen, “Legality of War: Blix Insists There Was No Firm Weapons Evidence,” The Guardian , April 28, 2005, p. 2.

Priest, Dana, “Report Finds No Evidence Syria Hid Iraqi Arms,” The Washington Post, April 26, 2005, p. A1.

Sanger, David E., “Arms Move to Syria 'Unlikely,' Report Says,” The New York Times, April 26, 2005, p. A10.

Sengupta, Kim, “Intelligence Chiefs Admit Iraq Weapons Claims Were Untrue,” The Independent , April 8, 2005, p. 2.


Global Security Newswire, “Libya May Have Hidden Details of Chemical, Biological Weapons Programs, Intelligence Commission Says,” April 1, 2005.


Alford, and Geoff Elliott, “Pyongyang N-missile can reach U.S.: Spy Boss,” The Australian, April 30, 2005, p 12.

Agence France Presse, “N Korea Will Treat UN Sanctions on Nuclear Programme in "Do-or-Die" Spirit,” April 25, 2005.

Agence France Presse, “North Korea Says ‘No Justification’ for Nuclear Talks,” April 5, 2005.

Agence France Presse, “S Korea Says No to UN, Despite NKorea Reprocessing Fears,” April 20, 2005.

Agence France Presse, “U.S. Believes North Korea Plans Nuclear Bomb Test,” April 22, 2005.

Agence France Presse, “U.S. Envoy on North Korea Holds Talks in Beijing,” April 26, 2005.

Associated Press, “ North Korea Asks U.S. to Change Its Policy Toward the North to Resolve Nuclear Conflict,” April 21, 2005.

BBC Monitoring, “‘Direct and Indirect’ Contact Ongoing on N. Korea Issue-South Official,” April 25, 2005.

Boston Globe, The , “Careless on North Korea,” April 20, 2005, p. A22.

Brinkley, Joel, “North Korea Said to Reject China's Bid on Nuclear Talks,” The New York Times, April 9, 2005, p. A14.

Brooke, James, “ U.S. Weapons Envoy Pessimistic About Talks With North Korea,” The New York Times , April 30, 2005, p. A6.

Brummitt, Chris, “North Korean No. 2 Leader Says Nuclear Weapons Needed for Self-Defense,” Associated Press, April 22, 2005.

Choe Sang-Hun, “N. Korea to 'Bolster' A-Weapons,” International Herald Tribune, April 25, 2005.

Daily Yomiuri, The , “Govt Takes New 6-Way Talks Plan With Grain of Salt,” April 8, 2005, p. 4.

Demick, Barbara, “New U.S. Point Man on N. Korea Sees Hope: Christopher Hill, Soon to be Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs, Says Long-Stalled Talks on Nuclear Arms Can Work,” Los Angeles Times, April 12, 2005, p. A7.

Demick, Barbara, “S. Korea Rejected U.S. Plan on North: Calling it an Obstacle to its Sovereignty, Seoul Voided Joint Strategy in Case of Regime Collapse,” Los Angeles Times, April 16, 2005, p. A3.

Efron, Sonni, “U.S. Looks to China to Rein in North Korea: Washington Concerned About Hostile Rhetoric and the Shutdown of a Reactor, Asks Beijing to Persuade Pyongyang to Forgo Atomic Arms Tests,” Los Angeles Times, April 23, 2005, p. A3.

Fifield, Anna, “N Korea Warned Not to Use Test as Leverage,” Financial Times, April 26, 2005, p. 9.

Fifield, Anna, “Reactor Shutdown Fuels Bomb Fears,” Financial Times, April 19, 2005, p. 9.

Fifield, Anna, “Talks ' Still Best Way to Disarm N Korea,’” Financial Times, April 12, 2005, p. 12.

Fifield, Anna, and Demetri Sevastopulo, “Pyongyang Calls for Discussion on Mutual Cuts at Nuclear Talks,” Financial Times, April 1, 2005, p. 7.

Fifield, Anna, and Demetri Sevastopulo, “ U.S. Voices Concern Over N Korea Provocation,” Financial Times , April 30, 2005, p. 2.

Guardian, The , “North Korea Asks U.S. to Change Policy,” April 21, 2005

Hadar , Leon, “Testing Nuclear Diplomacy: Without Solid Support From China, the US Needs to Rethink its Strategy on North Korea,” The Business Times Singapore, April 1, 2005.

Herman, Burt, “U.S. Envoy Shuns N. Korea Apology Request: U.S. Envoy Shuns North Korea’s Demand for Apology Before It Returns to Nuclear Disarmament Talks,” Associated Press, April 1, 2005.

Herskovitz, Jon, and Jack Kim, “U.S. Says No Deadline, Concessions for North Korea,” Reuters, April 11, 2005.

Jehl, Douglas, “Ex-Officials Say Bolton Inflated Syrian Danger,” The New York Times, April 26, 2005, p. A1.

Kahn, Joseph, “North Korea Deals a Blow to Arms Talks,” The New York Times, April 11, 2005, p. A8.

Kessler, Glenn, “Signs Stir Concern North Korea Might Test Nuclear Bomb: Diplomat in Asia to Confer With Officials,” The Washington Post, April 23, 2005, p. A13.

Kristof, Nicholas D., “ N. Korea, 6, and Bush, 0,” The New York Times, April 26, 2005, p. A19.

Laney, James, and Jason T. Shaplen, “What Should US Do About North Korea?” The Boston Globe, April 23, 2005.

Los Angeles Times, “N. Korea Hardens Arms Stance: The Regime Demands Normalized Ties With Washington Before It Will Even Discuss Nuclear Issues, a U.S. Expert Says,” April 10, 2005, p. A4.

Mann, William C., “ U.S. Makes New Pitch for N. Korea Talks,” Associated Press, April 11, 2005.

Mazzetti, Mark, and Greg Miller, “N. Korea Can Arm Missile, U.S. Aide Says: Top U.S. Official Surprises a Hearing By Saying Pyongyang Can Arm a Missile With a Nuclear Device, but Others Contradict Him,” Los Angeles Times, April 29, 2005, p. A1.

Mazzetti, Mark, and Greg Miller, “U.S. Downplays Remarks on N. Korea's Arms Ability:

Officials Say the Head of the Defense Intelligence Agency May Have Overstated Pyongyang's Nuclear Missile Progress,” Los Angeles Times, April 30, 2005, p. A3.

O'Hanlon, Michael, and Jack Pritchard, “A New Approach to North Korea,” The Baltimore Sun, April 12, 2005, p. A15.

Reuters, “ Nuclear Test Would Threaten N.Korea's Future-Seoul,” April 25, 2005.

Reuters, “ U.S. Sees Nothing Definitive On N. Korea Nuke Tests,” April 23, 2005.

Ruwitch, John, “ U.S. Negotiator in China to Push for N.Korea Talks,” Reuters, April 26, 2005.

Sanger, David E., “Steps at Reactor in North Korea Raise Concerns in U.S.,” The New York Times, April 18, 2005, p. A4.

Sanger, David E., “White House May Go to UN Over North Korean Shipments,” The New York Times, April 25, 2005, p. A13.

Sigal, Leon V., “Negotiate With North,” The Baltimore Sun, April 20, 2005, p. A21.

Soo-Jeong Lee, “ South Korea: North Shuts Down Nuke Reactor,” Associated Press, April 18, 2005.

Usborne, David, “US Prepares for Nuclear Stand-Off with Pyongyang,” The Independent, April 26, 2005, p. 29.

Watts, Jonathan, “Bomb Fear as North Korea Halts Reactor,” The Guardian, April 19, 2005, p. 13.

Yi, Michael, “ Diplomacy on North Korean Nukes Urged: Seoul's Ex-Leader Says U.S. Needs to Take the Initiative,” The San Francisco Chronicle, April 30, 2005, p. A3.


Campbell, Duncan, “Vanunu Faces Extended Curbs on Travel,” The Guardian, April 16, 2005.

Cohen, Avner, “The Last Taboo: Israel’s Bomb Revisited,” Current History, April 2005, pp. 169-175.

Irish Times, The, “Nuclear Whistleblower on Trial for Talking to Press,” April 13, 2005, p. 13.

Mellgren, Doug, “Norway Rejects Vanunu's Asylum Application,” Associated Press, April 15, 2005.


Agence France Presse, “Japan to Resume Yen Loan to Pakistan, Urges Nuclear Cooperation,” April 8, 2005.

Agence France Presse, “Nuclear Experts Meet Pakistani Officials Amid Concern Over Black Market,” April 11, 2005.

Agence, France Presse, “Pakistan Will Never Allow IAEA to Inspect Nuclear Facilities,” April 20, 2005.

Associated Press, “Non-Proliferation Experts to Arrive in Pakistan for Talks,” April 9, 2005.

Cloud, David S., “U.S. Says Banned Nuclear Technology Went to Pakistan and India,” The New York Times, April 9, 2005, p. A14.

Meyer, Josh, “Indictment Points to Arms Danger: A Pakistani Charged With Exporting Nuclear Weapons Components is Described as Potentially Serious Threat to American Security,” Los Angeles Times, April 9, 2005, p. A3.


Agence France Presse, “Ex Soviet Leader Gorbachev Voices Concern Over US, Russian Nuclear Arsenals,” April 21, 2005.

Bigg, Claire, “Russia/U.S.: Analysts Speculate On Rice's Moscow Mission,” Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, April 19, 2005.

Gedda, George, “Rice, Putin Speak of Cooperation on Common Interests, Prepare for Bush Visit,” Associated Press, April 20, 2005.

Interfax, “ Russia to Restore Space Missile Warning System- Official,” April 6, 2005.

Paton Walsh, Nick, “Kremlin Disputes Rice's Claim On US Nuclear Inspections,” The Guardian, April 21, 2005, p. 19.


Yglesias, Matthew, “A Moveable Myth,” The American Prospect, April, 2005, p. 7.


Agence France Presse, “ US Air-Launches Ballistic Missile as Target in Missile Defense Test,” April 8, 2005.

Associated Press, “Congress Weighs Money for Missile Defense,” April 4, 2005.

Associated Press, “U.S., Russia to Hold Joint Missile Defense Exercises,” April 18, 2005.

Dorr, Robert F., “Budget Request Holds Some Surprises,” Aerospace America, April 2005, p. 8.

Gertz, Bill, “Major Milestone Reached in Missile Defense System,” The Washington Times, April 4, 2005.

Global Security Newswire, “ Missile Shield Performance ‘Uncertain’,” GAO Says,” April 1, 2005.

Krasniqi, Ekrem, “NATO Denies Anti-Missile Program With Russia,” ISN Security Watch, April 14, 2005.

Ruppe, David, “Missile Defense Cost Rises by $21 Billion,” Global Security Newswire, April 18, 2005.

Ruppe, David, “Missile Defense Budget Increased Before It Was Cut,” Global Security Newswire, April 22, 2005.

Selinger, Marc, “MDA Defends Renewed Interest in Space-Based Interceptors,” Aerospace Daily & Defense Report , Vol. 214, No. 8, April 12, 2005.

Selinger, Marc, “Missile Defense Agency Eyes Steps to Improve Test Performance,” Aerospace Daily & Defense Report , Vol. 214, No. 6, April 8, 2005, p. 1.

Thompson, Jake, “StratCom Chief Sees Need for Missile Defense,” Omaha World-Herald. April 8, 2005, p. B3.


Daily Yomiuri, The , “NPT Conference Must Revitalize Disarmament,” April 30, 2005, p. 4.

Dinmore, Guy, “Nuclear Treaty Review 'Faces Failure,’ Financial Times, April 29, 2005, p. 5.

Global Security Newswire, “Nuclear Technology Restrictions Would Undermine Nonproliferation Efforts, Iran Says,” April 8, 2005.

Hanley, Charles J., “Nations to Address Nuclear Treaty Issues,” The Washington Post, April 23, 2005.

Jahn, George, “Saudis in Talks on Nuclear Agreement,” Associated Press, April 20, 2005.

Johnson, Rebecca, “2004 UN First Committee: Better Organised, With Deep Divisions,” Disarmament Diplomacy , Issue No. 79, April/May 2005.

LaFranchi, Howard, “New Gaps in Controlling the Spread of Nuclear Arms,” Christian Science Monitor, April 27, 2005, p. 1.

Perkovich, George, and Henry Sokolski, “It’s Called Nonproliferation,” The Wall Street Journal, April 29, 2005, p. A16.

Reuters, “U.N. Watchdog Warns of Nuclear Inspection Loophole,” April 26, 2005.

Schleicher, Al, “Vices of N-power Stymie NPT,” The Daily Yomiuri, April 29, 2005

Sevastopulo, Demetri, “U.S. Nuclear Policy Set to Draw Fire at Treaty Review: North Korea and Iran are Likely to Feature Prominently as Governments Reassess the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Act,” Financial Times, April 27, 2005, p. 8.

Wurst, Jim, “Serious Differences Remain as Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty Conference .Approaches,” Global Security Newswire, April 26, 2005.


Agence France Presse, “Experts Play Down WMD Terror Threat,” April 15, 2005.

Bunn, Matthew, and Anthony Wier, “The Seven Myths of Nuclear Terrorism,” Current History, April 2005, pp. 153-161.

Farley, Maggie, “Nuclear Terror Pact Advances: U.N. General Assembly is Expected to Endorse the Convention Targeting Rogue Groups,” Los Angeles Times, April 2, 2005, p. A4.

Gertz, Bill, “Reports Reveal Zarqawi Nuclear Threat,” The Washington Times, April 19, 2005.

Lynch, Colum, “U.N. Votes To Outlaw Nuclear Terrorism: No New Restrictions Put on Atomic Arms,” The Washington Post, April 14, 2005, p. A23.

Reuters, “IAEA Chief Says Al Qaeda Sought Nuclear Weapon,” April 9, 2005.

Wurst, Jim, “U.N. Committee Approves Nuclear Terrorism Treaty,” Global Security Newswire, April 4, 2005.

Ward, Victoria, “Terror Chief ‘Has Obtained Nuclear Weapon,’” The Press Association, April 20, 2005.

Warren Hoge, Warren, “World Briefing United Nations: Treaty Against Nuclear Terrorism Approved,” The New York Times, April 14, 2005, p. A6.


Associated Press, “ Plutonium Could Double at Lawrence Livermore Lab,” April 25, 2005.

Associated Press, “Russians Visit Wyoming Base as Part of Anti-Terrorism Efforts,” April 9, 2005.

Caldicott, Helen, “Nuclear Power is the Problem, Not a Solution,” The Australian, April 13, 2005.

Cornwall , Warren, “Downwinders Get Day in Court,” The Seattle Times, April 25, 2005, p. A1.

Doyle, Michael, “Nuclear Lab Site Plans to Grow Environmentalists Cite Safety Issues at Complex Near Tracy,” Sacramento Bee, April 25, 2005, p. A3.

Fiorill, Joe, “New DHS Office to Have Some Authority Over Threat Reduction, Export Controls, Says Acting Head,” Global Security Newswire, April 21, 2005.

Frantz, Douglas, “Vital Nuclear Parts Missing: Investigators Worry That Some Components of a Weapons Factory Ordered By Libya Have Fallen Into the Hands of Another Nation,” Los Angeles Times , April 22, 2005, p. A1.

Global Security Newswire, “Export Controls Needed on WMD Materials, Downer Says” April 18, 2005.

Mœrli, Morten Bremer, and Lars van Dassen, “Eliminating Excessive Stocks of Highly Enriched Uranium,” Pugwash Issue Brief, Vol. 3, no. 1, April 2005.

National Academy of Sciences, Monitoring Nuclear Weapons and Nuclear–Explosive NUC: An Assessment of Methods and Capabilities (National Academies Press: 2005).

National Academy of Sciences, Safety and Security of Commercial Spent Nuclear Fuel Storage: Public Report , (National Academies Press: 2005).

Rumrill, Clark, “Lost: One H-Bomb. Call Owner: After 47 Years, a WMD Remains AWOL,” The Washington Post , April 17, 2005, p. D1.


Bennett, Magnus, “U.S. Sells Czech Republic 24 AMRAAM AIM-120 Missiles,” Aerospace Daily & Defense Report , Vol. 214, No. 8, April 12, 2005, p. 8.

Haqqani , Husain, “ The Eternal India-Pakistan-US Triangle,” Gulf News, April 6, 2005.

Ing, David, “Venezuela Orders Ships, Aircraft from Spain,” Jane’s Defense Weekly, April 6, 2005, p. 5.

Jones, Scott, “Focus on Cruise Threat: Proliferation Grows, Defense Unavailable,” Defense News, April 11, 2005, p. 21.

Kapisthalam, Kaushik, “India Should Take It Slow With U.S. Weapons,” Defense News, April 25, 2005, p. 29.

Kucera, Joshua, “US Clears Sales of F-16s to Pakistan, Fighters for India,” Jane’s Defense Weekly, April 6, 2005, p. 4.

Loftis, Robert G., “Small Arms and Light Weapons: Remarks to the Organization of American States Small/Arms Light Weapons Meeting,” U.S. Department of State, April 12, 2005.

Mathews, Neelam, “U.S. Fighters for All? India Reacts Mildly to Pakistani F-16 Deal as an Offer of F/A-18E/Fs Comes Its Way,” Aviation Week and Space Technology, April 4, 2005, pp. 28-29.

Merle, Renae, “Military Jet Faces A Fight to Fit In: Changing Defense Needs Likely to Limit F/A-22 Raptor Production,” The Washington Post, April 19, 2005, p. E1.

Romero, Clyde Jr., “MANPADS Have Their Limits,” Aviation Week & Space Technology, Vol. 162, No. 15, April 11, 2005, p. 6.

Shanker, Thom, and Jim Yardley, “Chinese Navy Buildup Gives Pentagon New Worries,” The New York Times, April 8, 2005, p. A3.

Wayne, Leslie, “Connecting to India Through Pakistan,” The New York Times, April 16, 2005, p. C1.

Williamson, Hugh, “Schroder Insists EU Lift China Arms Ban,” Financial Times, April 1, 2005, p. 10.


Bachelet, Pablo, “Bioweapon Threat Still Unclear: Waffling Language and Intelligence Gaps Have Clouded U.S. Allegations that Cuba Constitutes a Bioweapons Threat,” The Miami Herald, April 26, 2005.

Butler, Anica, “Balto. Co. Firm to Build Mail Protector: Machines Are to Defend Against Biohazards,” The Baltimore Sun, April 26, 2005, p. B1.

Fiorill, Joe, “U.S. Was Wrong to Shift Bioterror Funds Based on Nonexpenditure Allegations, Auditors Say,” Global Security Newswire, April 1, 2005.

Global Security Newswire , “Australia Group Marks 20th Year of Battling Chemical and Biological Weapons Proliferation,” April 22, 2005.

Los Angeles Times, “Firms to Develop Drug to Fight Chemical Weapons: Computer Sciences

and Baxter Win a U.S. Contract for a Treatment Against Nerve Agents,” April 14, 2005, p. C2.

Price, Joyce Howard, “Bioterrorists Could Unleash Deadly Flu,” The Washington Times, April 17, 2005.

Ruppe, David, “Anthrax Vaccine Treatment Funding Remains Uncertain,” Global Security Newswire, April 25, 2005.

Ruppe, David, “Judge to Allow Voluntary Anthrax Vaccinations,” Global Security Newswire, April 1, 2005.


Economist, The, “Trouble in the Nest: George Bush’s Nuclear Plans,” April 30, 2005, pp. 26-27.

Efron, Sonni, and Paul Richter, “New Office to Issue Terrorism Data: State Department Says Move is for Technical Reasons, But One Observer Sees Attempt to Ditch Political Problem as Numbers Rise,” Los Angeles Times, April 19, 2005.

Fine, Daniel, “The U.S. Example Will Only Promote Universal Nuclear Proliferation,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, April 7, 2005, p. A14.

Fiorill, Joe, “Experts Question Detection Unit’s Reach, Highlight Need for Overall U.S. Strategy on Nuclear Attack,” Global Security Newswire, April 26, 2005.

Fiorill, Joe, “U.S. Lawmakers Hear Call for Better Nuclear Detection, Concerns About New Office,” Global Security Newswire, April 19, 2005.

Fiorill, Joe, “Washington Fails to Set Priorities in Addressing Nuclear Terrorism Threat, Experts Say,” Global Security Newswire, April 4, 2005.

Fleck, John, “LANL Sets Off Mock Warhead,” Albuquerque Journal, April 5, 2005.

Global Security Newswire, “Nobel Laureates, Organizations Appeal for Removal of Nuclear Weapons From ‘Hair-Trigger’ Status,” April 5, 2005.

Hamre, John J., “Toward a Nuclear Strategy,” The Washington Post, May 2, 2005, p. A17.

Levi, Michael A., and Michael E. O’Hanlon, “Arms Control and American Security,” Current History, April 2005, pp. 162-168.

Norton-Taylor, Richard, “A Most Dangerous Message: Contradictory US and British Nuclear Proliferation Policies Will Lead Other States to Conclude that Nuclear Weapons Earn Respect and Deter Attack,” The Guardian, April 13, 2005, p. 23.

Pincus, Walter, “Commander Seeks Alternate Uses for ICBMs,” The Washington Post, April 21, 2005, p. A24.

Pincus, Walter, “Nominations of Negroponte, Deputy Backed Intelligence Panel's Approval Clears Way for Vote by Senate,” The Washington Post, April 15, 2005, p. A6.


Canellos, Peter S., “Bolton Debate Ignores Battle Over Intelligence,” The Boston Globe, April 26, 2005, p. A3.

Economist, The , “ Bolton Wanderer: George Bush's Appointments,” April 16, 2005.

Efron, Sonni, and Paul Richter, “Testimony of U.N. Nominee Is Disputed: A Former Diplomat Denies a Claim He Backed John Bolton's Pointed 2003 Speech on North Korea. He Also Describes an Angry Confrontation,” Los Angeles Times, April 22, 2005, p. A1.

Jehl, Douglas, “Bolton’s Pressure on C.I.A. Analyst Angers Colleagues,” The New York Times, April 16, 2005, p. A7.

Jehl, Douglas, “Ex-Official Describes Dispute With Bolton Over Intelligence,” The New York Times, April 29, 2005, p. A9.

Jehl, Douglas, “Panel in Senate Widening Review on U.N. Nominee,” The New York Times, April 27, 2005, p. A1.

Linzer, Dafna, “Bolton Often Blocked Information, Officials Say Iran, IAEA Matters Were Allegedly Kept From Rice, Powell,” The Washington Post, April 18, 2005. p. A4.

Linzer, Dafna, “Bolton's Tough Style, Record Face Scrutiny,” The Washington Post, Apriil 11, 2005, p. A1.

Sidoti Liz, “Another Ex-Colleague Criticizes Bolton,” The Guardian, April 26, 2005

Williams, Ian, “ Bolton vs. the United Nations: Bush's Mad Cop-Bad Cop Ruse,” In These Times, April 18, 2005, p. 8.


Baker, Peter, and Walter Pincus, “Data on Iraqi Arms Flawed, Panel Says: Intelligence Commission Outlines 74 Fixes for Bureaucracy,” The Washington Post, April 1, 2005, p. A1.

Barstow, David, “Doubts on Source for Key Piece of Data Were Suppressed, Report Says,” The New York Times , April 1, 2005, p. A11.

Carter, Ashton B., “A Failure of Policy, Not Spying,” The Washington Post, April 5, 2005, p. A23.

Devine, Jack, “America Badly Needs More and Better Spies,” Financial Times, April 14, 2005, p. 13.

Drogin, Bob, and Greg Miller, “'Curveball' Debacle Reignites CIA Feud: The Former Agency Chief and His Top Deputy Deny Reports That They Were Told a Key Source for Iraqi Intelligence was Deemed Unreliable,” Los Angeles Times, April 2, 2005, p. A1.

Linzer, Dafna, “Panel: U.S. Ignored Work of U.N. Arms Inspectors,” The Washington Post , April 3, 2005, p. A1.

Milbank, Dana, “Same Committee, Same Combatants, Different Tune,” The Washington Post, April 7, 2005, p. A10.

New Republic, The, “See No Evil,” April 18, 2005, p. 7.

Pincus, Walter, “Panel Seeks Intelligence Culpability: Report Faults the Actions of Army, CIA, Pentagon Agencies,” The Washington Post, April 2, 2005, p. A8.

Posner, Richard A., “Intelligence Critique Fatigue,” The Washington Post, April 6, 2005, p. A19.

Robbins, James S., “‘Dead Wrong’? Not So Quick,” National Review, April 1, 2005.


Aerospace Daily & Defense Report, “Program Could Lead to Smaller, Precise Nukes, Official Says,” Vol. 214, no. 4, April 6, 2005, p. 4.

Broad, William J., “Aging Warheads Ignite a Debate Among Scientists,” The New York Times, April 3, 2005, p. A1.

Broad, William J., “Panel Finds Flaws in Plan for Weapon,” The New York Times, April 28, 2005, p. A22.

Bruno, Michael, “RNEP Study Would Focus on One Warhead, Administrator Says,” Vol. 214, no. 6, Aerospace Daily & Defense Report, April 8, 2005, p. 3.

Grier, Peter, “US Weighs its Role in Weapons Development,” Christian Science Monitor, April 20, 2005, p. 2.

Kilian, Michael, “Debate On New Nuclear Weapons Renewed: Bush Administration Still Hopes to Develop Lower-Yield ‘Bunker Buster.'” Chicago Tribune, April 10, 2005.

National Academy of Sciences, “Effects of Nuclear Earth-Penetrator and Other Weapons,” (National Academy Press: 2005).

Pincus, Walter, “Plan to Study Nuclear Warheads Stirs Concern: Arms-Control Advocates Worried About Possible Development of New Weapons,” The Washington Post, April 6, 2005, p. A2.

Ruppe, David, “Bush Administration Seeks New U.S. Nuclear Arsenal,” Global Security Newswire , April 5, 2005.

Tyson, Ann Scott, “'Bunker Buster' Casualty Risk Cited,” The Washington Post, April 28, 2005, p. A7.


Chuter, Andrew, “Old Problems Await New U.K. Government,” Defense News, April 11, 2005, p. 4.

Global Security Newswire, “ Canada Announces WMD Strategy,” April 1, 2005.

New Zealand Herald, The, “Anti-Nukes Stance in Firing Line,” April 5, 2005.


Butler, Amy, “Astro Turf: Leadership Changes and Intelligence Reform Prompt Questions About Who Will Head Military and Intelligence Space Efforts,” Aviation Week and Space Technology, April 4, 2005, pp. 50-51.

Hardesty, David C., “Space-Based Weapons: Long-Term Strategic Implications and Alternatives,” Naval War College Review, Vol. 58, No. 2, Spring 2005, pp. 45- 68.

Morris, Jefferson, “Lawmakers' Interest in Space Weapons Issue Heats Up,” Aerospace Daily & Defense Report, Vol. 214, No. 5, April 7, 2005, p. 1.

Moore, Mike, “Space War: Now We're Jammin'!,” The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, Vol. 61, No. 02, March/April 2005, pp. 6-8.

Sappenfield, Mark, “US Moves to Create a Beachhead in Space,” Christian Science Monitor, April 6, 2005, p. 3.

Wirbel, Loring, “Space Plans Squeezed: Lean Budgets, Thin Ranks Place Projects in Limbo,” Electronic Engineering Times , April 11, 2005, p. 1.