"I find hope in the work of long-established groups such as the Arms Control Association...[and] I find hope in younger anti-nuclear activists and the movement around the world to formally ban the bomb."

– Vincent Intondi
Professor of History, Montgomery College
July 1, 2020
National Missile Defense, The ABM Treaty And the Future of START II
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On January 27, 1999, the Arms Control Association (ACA) held a press conference to assess the impact of Secretary of Defense William Cohen's January 20 announcement concerning the funding of preparations for the deployment of a national missile defense (NMD) system.

Cohen announced the administration's plan to commit additional funding to its NMD program to permit a deployment decision in 2000, and suggested the United States' willingness to withdraw, if necessary, from the ABM Treaty. The ACA briefing coincided with Secretary of State Madeleine Albright's three-day trip to Moscow to ease the growing strain in U.S.-Russian relations.

Following the December 16–19 U.S.-British strikes against Iraq, the Russian Duma delayed its vote on START II ratification, just as a favorable vote seemed imminent. Cohen's NMD announcement further complicated the already testy relationship.

Panelists included Spurgeon M. Keeny, Jr., president and executive director of ACA; John Pike, director of the Space Policy Project at the Federation of American Scientists; John B. Rhinelander, ACA vice-chairman and former legal advisor to the U.S. SALT I delegation that negotiated the ABM Treaty; and Susan Eisenhower, chairman of the Center for Political and Strategic Studies and member of the ACA Board of Directors.

The following is an edited version of their remarks.


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  • See additional materials from the press conference briefing book.