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"...the Arms Control Association [does] so much to keep the focus on the issues so important to everyone here, to hold our leaders accountable to inspire creative thinking and to press for change. So we are grateful for your leadership and for the unyielding dedication to global nuclear security."
– Lord Des Browne
Vice Chairman, Nuclear Threat Initiative
1998 ACT Index

Latest ACA Resources

1998
ACT
Index
...
c.1997 the Arms Control Assocation
Arms Control Today, November/December 1998

The following is a complete index of materials printed in Arms Control Today in 1998. Links are provided to the table of contents of corresponding months, as they will remain online as articles are removed due to space constraints. For articles that are no longer provided, back issues can be ordered by email or phone (202/463-8270). Please specify which issues you are interested in. Back issues $6/each for all others. We offer bulk and educational discounts, please contact the Arms Control Association.

The index is organized according to 6 categories:

Authors Subjects
Factfiles Interviews
Briefings Documents
Further, you will find the "Find in Page" function of your browser particularly helpful in using our indices or bibliographies located online.

 

Authors

    • Albright, David and Khidhir Hamza:
      "Iraq's Reconstitution of Its Nuclear Weapons Program," Oct., pp. 9–15.

      Alessi, Victor and Ronald F. Lehman II:
      "Science in the Pursuit of Peace: The Success and Future of the ISTC," Jun./Jul., pp. 16–22.

      Allen, Richard, Gregory van der Vink, Jeffrey Park, Terry Wallace and Christel Hennet:
      "False Accusations, Undetected Tests and Implications for the CTB Treaty," May, pp. 7–13.

      Bailey, Kathleen C.:
      "The CTB Treaty and Nuclear Non-Proliferation: The Debate Continues," Mar., pp. 7, 10–11 (Mar. 18 Testimony before the Senate Governmental Affairs Subcommittee on International Security, Proliferation and Federal Services).

      Bell, Robert:
      "Strategic Agreements and the CTB Treaty: Striking the Right Balance," Jan./Feb., pp. 3–10 (Feb, 18 address before ACA annual luncheon).

      Blackwood, Milton E., Jr.:
      "Beyond the Chemical Weapons Stockpile: The Challenge of Non-Stockpile Materiel," Jun./Jul., pp. 10–15.

      Boese, Wade:
      "Proposed FMS Deals in 1997 Reflect Tight Markets, Economic Woes," Jan./Feb., p. 32;
      "CD Opens '98 Session As Members Reiterate Competing Priorities," Jan./Feb., p. 33;
      "CD Closes 1st Session, Establishes One Ad Hoc Committee," Mar., p. 21;
      "UN Security Council Approves Arms Embargo on Yugoslavia," Mar., p. 26;
      "Administration Clears Way for South African Arms Trade," Mar., p. 29;
      "Senate Approves NATO Expansion, Signals Caution on Future Rounds," Apr., pp. 20-21;
      "Indian, Pakistani Nuclear Tests Elicit Condemnation at CD," May, p. 25;
      "European Union Adopts Code of Conduct on Arms Sales," May, p. 32;
      "UAE to Purchase 80 F-16C/Ds, Arms in Deal Worth $7 Billion," May, pp. 34–35;
      "Pakistan Supports Cutoff Talks at Opening of Third CD Session," Jun./Jul., p.27;
      "CFE Compliance Report Issued; Treaty Adaptation Talks Continue," Jun./Jul., p. 30;
      "U.S. Remains Largest Supplier to a Shrinking Arms Market," Jun./Jul., p. 32;
      "Fortieth Ratification Sets Clock for Ottawa Treaty's Entry Into Force," Aug./Sept., p. 27;
      "CD Convenes Committee to Work on Fissile Cutoff," Aug./Sept., p. 30;
      "OAS to Draft Arms Transparency Convention," Oct., p. 26;
      "U.S. Retains Top Spot in Latest UN Conventional Arms Register," Oct., p. 27;
      "Germany Raises No-First-Use Issue at NATO Meeting," Nov./Dec., p. 24;
      "Little Progress at Wassenaar Export Control Regime Plenary," Nov./Dec., p. 26.

      Boutwell, Jeffrey and Michael Klare:
      "Small Arms and Light Weapons: Controlling the Real Instruments of War," Aug./Sept., pp. 15–23.

      Bunn, George:
      "Moving Toward 'Legally Binding' Negative Security Assurances," Mar., p. 27 (Letter to the editor);
      "Nuclear Tests Violate International Norm," May, pp. 26–27 (Letter to the editor).

      Butler, Richard:
      "Ambassador Richard Butler: Keeping Iraq's Disarmament on Track," Aug./Sept., pp. 3–7.

      Cerniello, Craig:
      "Clinton Urges Senate to Act on CTB; Helms Calls Treaty 'Low Priority,'" Jan./Feb., p. 28;
      "International Group Issues Call For Abolition of Nuclear Weapons," Jan./Feb., p. 34;
      "Yeltsin Government Shake-Up Unlikely to Affect Arms Control," Mar., p. 19;
      "Panel Criticizes U.S. 'Rush' To Deploy Missile Defense Systems," Mar., p. 20;
      "Britain, France Ratify CTB Treaty, Adminstration Looks to Senate," Apr., p. 21;
      "Senate Panel Approves NMD Bill Seeking to Move Up Deployment," Apr., p. 23;
      "Yeltsin Submits START II, ABM-TMD Agreements to Duma," Apr., p. 24;
      "South Asian Nuclear Tests Cloud Prospects for CTBT Ratification," May, pp. 24, 27;
      "Senate Narrowly Averts Floor Vote on Cochran NMD Legislation," May, p. 29;
      "Administration, Congress Continue Debate Over Membership, Future of ABM Treaty," May, p. 36;
      "Britain Releases Defense Review Calling for a 'Minimum Deterrent'," Jun./Jul., p. 28;
      "Rumsfeld Panel Releases Report on Missile Threat to U.S.," Jun./Jul., pp. 28, 33;
      "Moscow Summit Brings Two Minor Arms Control Agreements," Aug./Sept., pp. 24, 31;
      "NMD Bill Stalled in Senate; New Bill Introduced in House," Aug./Sept., p. 25;
      "DOD Official Says NMD System May Require Treaty Withdrawal," Oct., p. 23;
      "CIA Holds to Assessment of Ballistic Missile Threat to U.S.," Oct., p. 24;
      "Duma Drafts Resolution Then Postpones Vote on START II," Nov./Dec., p. 23;
      "Lugar Cites CTR Progress, Calls on U.S. for More Aid", Nov./Dec., p. 22;
      "DOE Plans to Obtain Tritium from Existing Civilian Reactors," Nov./Dec., p. 25.

      Diamond, Howard:
      "Clinton Moves to Implement Sino-U.S. Nuclear Agreement," Jan./Feb., p. 30;
      "Russia Issues New Export Decree To Stem Missile Transfers to Iran," Jan./Feb., p. 31;
      "Proposed FMS Deals in 1997 Reflect Tight Markets, Economic Woes," Jan./Feb., p. 32;
      "U.S. Renews Effort to Bring China Into Missile Control Regime," Mar., p. 22;
      "U.S., Ukraine Sign Nuclear Accord, Agree on MTCR Accession," Mar., p. 23;
      "U.S., Russia Take New Steps to Control Technology Transfers to Iran," Mar., p. 24;
      "After BJP Election Win, Leaders Soften Line on Nuclear Weapons," Mar., p. 25;
      "U.S. Imposes Sanctions on Pakistan, N. Korea Following Missile Test," Apr., p. 22;
      "UN Maintains Sanctions on Iraq As Security Council Split Grows," Apr., p. 25;
      "Russian Export Controls Fail to Stop Steel for Iranian Missile Program," Apr., p. 26;
      "India Conducts Nuclear Tests; Pakistan Follows Suit," May, p. 22–23, 27;
      "Senate Approves Sanction Legislation Aimed at Russian-Iranian Missile Cooperation," May, pp. 30–31;
      "UN Security Council Sets Terms for 'Closing' Nuclear File on Iraq," May, p. 31;
      "House Seeks to Limit Space Cooperation with China," May, p. 33;
      "N. Korea Warns on Nuclear Freeze, Halts DOE Cleanup at Yongbyon," May, p. 35;
      "Sino-U.S. Summit Yields Modest Advances in Arms Control Agenda," Jun./Jul., p. 23;
      "India, Pakistan Respond to Arms Control Initiatives," Jun./Jul., p. 24;
      "Russia, India Move Forward With Deals on Arms, Nuclear Power," Jun./Jul., p. 25;
      "Clinton Vetoes Sanctions Bill; Sets, Imposes New Sanctions on Russia," Jun./Jul., p. 26;
      "Iraqi Nuclear File Kept Open, New VX Concerns," Jun./Jul., p. 29;
      "KEDO Resolves Cost-Sharing for North Korean Reactor Project," Jun./Jul., p. 31;
      "UN Fixes Sanctions on Iraq, Seeks Renewed Cooperation," Aug./Sept., p. 26;
      "N. Korea Launches Staged Rocket That Overflies Japanese Territory," Aug./Sept., pp. 28-29;
      "Framework Funds Endangered by N. Korean Missile Test, Digging," Aug./Sept., p. 29;
      "Iraq Blocks UNSCOM Monitoring; Security Council Calls for Review," Oct., p. 21;
      "India, Pakistan Commit to Sign CTB Treaty by September 1999," Oct., p. 22;
      "U.S., N. Korea Meet on Missiles; Japan, S. Korea Press on Defenses," Oct., pp. 24, 28;
      "Congress Returns Export Control Over Satellites to State Department," Oct., p. 25;
      "Congress Okays KEDO Funding; Japan Lifts LWR Funding Block," Oct., p. 26;
      "UNSCOM Future Uncertain After Strikes on Iraq," Nov./Dec., p. 21.
      "U.S. Waives Many Test-Related Sanctions on India, Pakistan," Nov./Dec., p. 23.
      Diamond, Howard and Erik J. Leklem:
      "Iraq Strikes New Deal On Inspections at Special Sites," Jan./Feb., pp. 29, 35.

      Doyle, James E.:
      "Improving Nuclear Materials Security In the Former Soviet Union: Next Steps for the MPC&A Program," Mar., pp. 12–8.

      Eisenhower, Susan:
      "Advancing the Arms Control Agenda: Pitfalls and Possibilities," Jan./Feb., pp. 11–19 (ACA briefing);
      "National Missile Defense, the ABM Treaty and the Future of START II," Nov./Dec., pp. 3–10 (ACA briefing).

      Fischer, Christopher and Andrew Howells:
      "U.S. Army Destroys Last Non-Essential 'Dumb' Mines," Jun./Jul., p. 32.

      Graham, Thomas, Jr.:
      "South Asia and the Future of Nuclear Non-Proliferation," May, pp. 3–6.

      Grey, Robert T.:
      "U.S. Interests and Priorities at the CD," Oct., pp. 3–8 (Interview).

      Gronlund, Lisbeth:
      "Taking a Closer Look at the 'Demarcation' Agreement," Jun./Jul., p. 36 (Letter to the Editor).

      Hamza, Khidhir and David Albright:
      "Iraq's Reconstitution of Its Nuclear Weapons Program," Oct., pp. 9–15.

      Hennet, Christel, Gregory van der Vink, Jeffrey Park, Richard Allen and Terry Wallace:
      "False Accusations, Undetected Tests and Implications for the CTB Treaty," May, pp. 7–13.

      Howells, Andrew and Christopher Fischer:
      "U.S. Army Destroys Last Non-Essential 'Dumb' Mines," Jun./Jul., p. 32.

      Isaacs, John:
      "Advancing the Arms Control Agenda: Pitfalls and Possibilities," Jan./Feb., pp. 11–19 (ACA briefing);
      "Arms Control in 1998: Congress Maintains the Status Quo," Oct., pp. 16–20.

      Karp, Aaron:
      "Indian Ambitions and the Limits of American Influence," May, pp. 14-21.

      Keeny, Spurgeon M., Jr.:
      "Give Diplomacy a Chance," Jan./Feb., p.2;
      "Advancing the Arms Control Agenda: Pitfalls and Possibilities," Jan./Feb., pp. 11–19 (ACA briefing);
      "NATO Expansion: Time for Damage Control," Mar., p. 2;
      "The CTB Treaty and Nuclear Non-Proliferation: The Debate Continues," Mar., pp. 7–9 (Mar. 18 Testimony before the Senate Governmental Affairs Subcommittee on International Security, Proliferation and Federal Services);
      "South Asia's Nuclear Wake-Up Call," May, p. 2;
      "The New Missile 'Threat' Gap," Jun./Jul., p. 2;
      "'Not with a bang but a whimper'," Oct., p. 2;
      "Putting National Security First," Aug./Sept., p. 2;
      "Don't Stop START II," Nov./Dec., p. 2;
      "National Missile Defense, the ABM Treaty and the Future of START II," Nov./Dec., pp. 3–10 (ACA briefing).

      Kimball, Daryl G.:
      "Holding the CTBT Hostage in the Senate: The 'Stealth' Strategy of Helms and Lott," Jun./Jul., pp. 3–9.

      Klare, Michael and Jeffrey Boutwell:
      "Small Arms and Light Weapons: controlling the Real Instruments of War," Aug./Sept., pp. 15–23.

      Lehman, Ronald F., II and Victor Alessi:
      "Science in the Pursuit of Peace: The Success and Future of the ISTC," Jun./Jul., pp. 16–22.

      Leklem, Erik J.:
      "UNSCOM Completes First Inspections at 'Presidential Sites,'" Mar., p. 21;
      "At One Year, CWC Progress Tempered by Limited Transparency," Apr., pp. 27–28;
      "CWC Implementing Legislation Passed by Senate; Future Uncertain," May, p. 30;
      "U.S. Pledges to Sign APL Ban; Lists Conditions to be Met First," May, p. 37.
      Leklem, Erik J. and Howard Diamond:
      "Iraq Strikes New Deal On Inspections at Special Sites," Jan./Feb., pp. 29, 35;

      Mendelsohn, Jack:
      "Advancing the Arms Control Agenda: Pitfalls and Possibilities," Jan./Feb., pp. 11–19 (ACA briefing);
      "Tranche Fever," Apr., p. 2;

      Neff, Thomas L.:
      "Privatizing U.S. National Security: The U.S.-Russian HEU Deal at Risk," Aug./Sept., pp. 8–14.

      Panofsky, Wolfgang K. H.:
      "Dismantling the Concept of 'Weapons of Mass Destruction,'" Apr., pp. 3–8.

      Park, Jeffrey, Gregory van der Vink, Richard Allen, Terry Wallace and Christel Hennet:
      "False Accusations, Undetected Tests and Implications for the CTB Treaty," May, pp. 7–13.

      Pike, John:
      "National Missile Defense, the ABM Treaty and the Future of START II," Nov./Dec., pp. 3–10 (ACA briefing).

      Rhinelander, John:
      "National Missile Defense, the ABM Treaty and the Future of START II," Nov./Dec., pp. 3–10 (ACA briefing).

      Sigal, Leon V.:
      "Averting a Train Wreck with North Korea," Nov./Dec., pp. 11–15.

      Smith, Harold P.:
      "Funding CW Demilitarization in Russia: Time to Share the Burden," Nov./Dec., pp. 16–20.
      Smith, Harold P. and Richard S. Soll:
      "Challenges of Nuclear Stockpile Stewardship Under a Comprehensive Test Ban," Mar., pp. 3–6.

      Soll, Richard S. and Harold P. Smith:
      "Challenges of Nuclear Stockpile Stewardship Under a Comprehensive Test Ban," Mar., pp. 3–6.

      Tucker, Jonathan B.:
      "Strengthening the BWC: Moving Toward a Compliance Protocol," Jan./Feb., pp. 20–27.

      van der Vink, Gregory, Jeffrey Park, Richard Allen, Terry Wallace and Christel Hennet:
      "False Accusations, Undetected Tests and Implications for the CTB Treaty," May, pp. 7–13.

      Wallace, Terry, Gregory van der Vink, Jeffrey Park, Richard Allen, and Christel Hennet:
      "False Accusations, Undetected Tests and Implications for the CTB Treaty," May, pp. 7–13.

      Ware, Alyn:
      "The 1996 ICJ Opinion and the Legality of Nuclear Weaponns," Jun./Jul., p. 35 (Letter to the Editor).


Briefings

    • "Advancing the Arms Control Agenda: Pitfalls and Possibilities," with Susan Eisenhower, John Isaacs, Spurgeon M. Keeny, Jr. and Jack Mendelsohn, Jan./Feb., pp. 11–19.

      "National Missile Defense, the ABM Treaty and the Future of START II," with Susan Eisenhower, Spurgeon M. Keeny, Jr., John Pike and John Rhinelander, Nov./Dec., pp. 3–10.


Documents

    • "The Senate Resolution on NATO Expansion," Apr., pp. 14–19.

Factfiles

    • "National Missile Defense: An Overview of Alternative," Jan./Feb., p. 38.

      "U.S. and Soviet/Russian Strategic Nuclear Forces," Mar., p. 30.

      "Update: States-Parties and Signatories to The Chemical Weapons Convention," Apr., pp. 29–30.

      "The Nuclear Testing Tally," May, p. 38.

      "U.S. 1997 Data for the UN Conventional Arms Register," Jun./Jul., pp. 37–38.

      "U.S. and Soviet/Russian Strategic Nuclear Forces," Aug./Sept., p. 34.

      "The CTB Treaty: Signatories and Ratifiers," Oct., p. 30.

      "The 1997 UN Register of Conventional Arms," Nov./Dec., p. 29–30.


Interviews

Ambassador Richard Butler: Aug./Sept., pp. 3–7.
    • Ambassador Robert T. Grey, Jr.: Oct., pp. 3–8.

       


Subjects

ABM Treaty:
ABM-related agreements submitted to Duma, Apr., p. 24;
Administration, Congress debate treaty membership and future, May, p. 36;
Demarcation agreements, Jun./Jul., p. 36 (Letter to the editor);
House bans funds to implement treaty succession agreement, Aug./Sept., p. 32;
Congressional attacks on treaty, Oct., pp. 16–17;
NMD deployment may require ABM withdrawal, Oct., p. 23;
Impact of U.S. NMD programs, Nov./Dec., pp. 3–10 (ACA briefing).
(See also BMD, NATO, Russia, START II, U.S.-Russian Relations.)

Arms Control and Disarmament Agency (ACDA):
Integration into State Department, Oct., pp. 2, 19.

Balkans:
Security Council imposes arms embargo on Yugoslavia, Mar., p. 26;
UN reports no monitoring regime for arms embargo, Aug./Sept., p. 36.

Ballistic Missiles:
Pakistan tests Ghauri, Apr., p. 22;
New missile "threat" gap, Jun./Jul., p. 2;
Iranian Shahab-3 test, Jun./Jul., p. 26;
Rumsfeld commission releases report on missile threat to U.S., Jun./Jul., p. 28;
N. Korea launches multi-stage rocket, Aug./Sept., p. 28;
CIA evaluates missile threat to U.S., Oct., p. 24.
(See also India, MTCR, NMD, Pakistan, UNSCOM.)

Ballistic Missile Defense (BMD):
Overview of alternative NMD plans, Jan./Feb., p. 38 (Factfile);
Welch panel criticizes rush to deployment, Mar., p. 20;
New NMD bill introduced in Senate, Mar., p. 28;
U.S. "rush to failure," Apr., pp. 9–13;
Senate committee approves NMD bill, Apr., p. 23;
Senate NMD bill narrowly misses floor vote, May, p. 29; Aug./Sept., p. 25;
New missile "threat" gap, Jun./Jul., p. 2;
Rumsfeld commission releases report, Jun./Jul., p. 28;
New NMD bill introduced in House, Aug./Sept., p. 25;
Congressional debate in 1998, Oct., pp. 16–17;
CIA evaluates ballistic missile threat to U.S., Oct., p. 24;
U.S. to increase NMD funding, Nov./Dec., pp. 3–10 (ACA briefing).
(See also ABM Treaty, U.S. Congress, U.S.-Russian relations.)

Belarus:
See ABM Treaty, START I.

Biological Weapons:
See Iraq.

Biological Weapons Convention (BWC):
Monitoring compliance, Jan./Feb., 20–27.

Chemical Weapons:
Disposing of CW stockpiles, Jun./Jul., pp. 10–15;
Funding CW demilitarization in Russia, Nov./Dec., pp. 16–20.
(See also Chemical Weapons Convention.)

Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC):
Analysis of first year of formal activity, Apr., p. 27;
List of states-parties and signatories, Apr., pp. 29–30 (Factfile);
Senate passes implementing legislation, May, p. 30;
Implementing legislation vetoed, Jun./Jul., p. 34;
Implementing legislation approved, Oct., pp. 18–19.
(See also Chemical Weapons, U.S. Congress.)

China:
Sino-U.S. nuclear cooperation accord, Jan./Feb., p. 30;
U.S. encourages China to join MTCR, Mar., p. 22;
U.S. House seeks to limit Sino-U.S. space cooperation, May, p. 33;
Sino-U.S. summit, Jun./Jul., p. 23;
U.S. arms sale to Taiwan proposed, Aug./Sept., p. 36.

Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT):
Clinton urges Senate action, Jan./Feb., p. 28;
Stockpile stewardship under a CTBT, Mar., pp. 3–6;
Effect of CTBT on nuclear proliferation, Mar., pp. 7–11;
Britain, France deposit instruments of ratification, Apr., p. 21;
Effects of South Asian nuclear tests, May, pp. 5–6;
Effectiveness of verification regime, May, pp. 7–13;
Effects of South Asian nuclear tests on CTBT ratification, May, p. 24;
CTBT trapped in Senate, Jun./Jul., pp. 3–9;
Brazil deposits instrument of ratification, Jun./Jul., p. 34;
India, Pakistan may sign CTBT, Aug./Sept., p. 32;
U.S. Senate restores CTBT funding, Aug./Sept., p. 32;
U.S. Senate inaction on treaty, Oct., pp. 17–18;
Prospects for ratification in 1999, Oct., p. 20;
India, Pakistan promise to sign treaty, Oct., p. 22;
Treaty signatories and ratifiers, Oct., p. 30 (Factfile).
(See also CD, Japan, SSMP, U.S. Arms Control Policy, U.S. Non-Proliferation Policy.)

Conference on Disarmament (CD):
1998 session opens, Jan./Feb., p. 33;
Establishes ad hoc committee on negative security assurances, Mar., p. 21;
Special coordinator for landmines appointed, Mar., p. 29;
Condemns Indian and Pakistani nuclear tests; May, p. 25;
Pakistan announces support for fissile material cutoff treaty, Jun./Jul., p. 27;
Committee on fissile material cutoff treaty convened, Aug./Sept., p. 30;
Interview with U.S. CD Ambassador Robert Grey, Oct., pp. 3–8.
(See also Landmines, CTBT, United Nations.)

Conventional Armed Forces in Europe (CFE) Treaty:
Compliance report issued, Jun./Jul., p. 30;
Russia calls for faster adaptation talks, Aug./Sept., p. 32;
Goal set for adapting treaty, Nov./Dec., p. 27.
(See also NATO, Russia, U.S.-Russian Relations.)

Conventional Arms Transfers:
Proposed 1997 U.S. sales, Jan./Feb., p. 32;
EU code of conduct proposed, Jan./Feb., p. 37;
Code of conduct legislation dropped by U.S. Congress, Mar., p. 28;
Thailand cancels arms purchase, Mar., p. 29;
U.S. to permit arms sales to South Africa, Mar., p. 29;
EU adopts code of conduct, May, p. 32;
U.S. fighter sale to UAE announced, May, p. 34;
U.S. leading arms supplier, Jun./Jul., p. 32;
Global spread of small arms and light weapons, Aug./Sept., pp. 15–23;
More European states adopt EU code of conduct, Aug./Sept., p. 32;
U.S. FY 1997 sales, Aug./Sept., p. 33;
U.S. arms sale to Taiwan proposed, Aug./Sept., p. 36;
OAS establishes working group on arms transparency convention, Oct., p. 26;
U.S.-Israeli fighter sale, Oct., p. 29;
Efforts to slow weapons flow to Africa, Oct., p. 29;
S. African arms purchases, Nov./Dec., p. 28;
Cyprus cancels Russian missile delivery, Nov./Dec., p. 27.
(See also UN Conventional Arms Register, U.S. Arms Control Policy, Wassenaar.)

Cooperative Threat Reduction:
Lugar cites progress, calls for more aid, Nov./Dec., p. 22.
(See also Nuclear Safety and Security.)

Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA):
Agency created, Oct., p. 29.

Department of Energy:
Subcritical experiment conducted, Mar., p. 28;
Peña to resign as Energy secretary, Apr., p. 28;
Future tritium source announced, Nov./Dec., p. 25.
(See also IAEA, Nuclear Safety and Security.)

Export Controls:
U.S. House seeks to limit Sino-U.S. space cooperation, May, p. 33;
IBM fined for supercomputer sale to Russia, Aug./Sept., p. 33;
Satellite export control returns to State Department, Oct., p. 25.
(See also China, MTCR, U.S. Non-Proliferation Policy, Russia, Wassenaar Arrangement.)

Fissile Material Cutoff Treaty (FMCT):
Pakistan announces FMCT support in CD, Jun./Jul., p. 27;
CD committee on FMCT convened, Aug./Sept., p. 30;
U.S. policy, Oct., pp. 4–6.

Georgia:
U.S. removes Georgian nuclear materials, Apr., p. 28;
Ratifies Open Skies Treaty, Jun./Jul., p. 34.

Gore-Chernomyrdin Commission:
Results of tenth meeting, Mar., p. 26;
Executive session held, Jun./Jul., p. 34.
(See also U.S.-Russian Relations.)

Great Britain:
Retires tactical nuclear weapons, Mar., p. 28;
Defense review calls for minimum deterrent, Jun./Jul., p. 28.

India:
BJP leaders tone down nuclear rhetoric after election win, Mar., p. 25;
Effects of nuclear tests, May, p. 2;
CTBT monitoring system and Indian nuclear tests, May, pp. 11–12;
Factors in nuclear test decision, May, pp. 14–21;
Indian and Pakistani nuclear tests conducted, May, p. 22;
CD condemns nuclear tests, May, p. 25;
Diplomatic fallout from nuclear tests, Jun./Jul., p. 24;
Russian-Indian nuclear plant deal, Jun./Jul., p. 25;
May sign CTBT, Aug./Sept., p. 32;
Promises to sign CTBT, Oct., p. 22.
(See also Ballistic Missiles, CD, CTBT, Nuclear Non-Proliferation, NPT, Pakistan.)

International Atomic Energy Agency:
Report on Iraq issued, Apr., p. 25;
Approves protocols for additional nuclear safeguards, Jun./Jul., p. 34;
Report on Iraq issued, Oct., p. 21.
(See also North Korea.)

Iran:
Russia sets limits on missile-related sales, Jan./Feb., p. 31;
Chinese nuclear sale blocked, Mar., p. 22;
Ukraine agrees to end nuclear cooperation, Mar., p. 23;
U.S., Russia agree to control technology transfers, Mar., p. 24;
Shipment of Russian steel stopped, Apr., p. 26;
U.S. Senate approves Russian sanctions for missile cooperation with Iran, May, p. 30;
Administration imposes new Russian sanctions, Jun./Jul., p. 26;
Shahab-3 missile test, Jun./Jul., p. 26.

Iraq:
U.S. air strikes averted, Jan./Feb., p. 2, 29;
Effects on U.S.-Russian relations, Jan./Feb., pp. 18–19;
UN votes to maintain sanctions, Apr., p. 25;
UN sets terms for closing Iraqi nuclear file, May, p. 31;
UN keeps nuclear file open, Jun./Jul., p. 29;
UN ends bimonthly reviews of economic sanctions, Aug./Sept., p. 26;
Resumption of nuclear program., Oct., pp. 9–15;
Blocks UNSCOM monitoring, Oct., p. 21;
U.S., British Air Strikes, Nov./Dec., p. 21.
(See also IAEA, UNSCOM.)

Japan:
Missile defense initiatives, Oct., p. 24;
Resumes participation in N. Korean reactor project, Oct., p. 26.
(See also KEDO.)

Kazakhstan:
See ABM Treaty, START I.

Korean Peninsula Energy Development Organization (KEDO):
Nuclear plant cost-sharing arrangement agreed on, Jun./Jul., p. 31;
Funding approved by Congress, Oct., p. 26.
(See also North Korea.)

Landmines:
U.S. policy, Jan./Feb., p. 10;
U.S. promises to sign Ottawa convention, May, p. 37;
U.S. destroys last "dumb" mines, Jun./Jul., p. 32;
40th state ratifies Ottawa convention, Aug./Sept., p. 27;
Table of Ottawa ratifiers, Aug./Sept., p. 27.

Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR):
U.S. encourages China to join, Mar., p. 22; May; p. 33, Jun./Jul., p. 23;
U.S. supports Ukraine's entry, Mar., p. 23;
South Korea possibly joining, Oct., p. 28.
(See also U.S. Arms Control Policy.)

National Missile Defense (NMD):
See ABM Treaty, BMD, U.S.-Russian Relations.

NATO:
Russia and NATO expansion, Jan./Feb., pp. 14–15;
Controlling the damage of NATO expansion, Mar., p. 2;
Senate vote on NATO expansion delayed, Mar., p. 28;
Second round of expansion, Apr., p. 2;
Senate resolution on NATO expansion, Apr., pp. 14–19 (Document);
Senate approves NATO expansion, Apr., p. 20;
Senate debate, Oct., pp. 19–20;
No first use raised, Nov./Dec., p. 24.
(See also CFE Treaty, Russia, START III, U.S. Arms Control Policy, U.S.-Russian Relations.)

North Korea:
U.S. imposes sanctions following Pakistani missile test, Apr., p. 22;
Nuclear cleanup halted, May, p. 35;
Launches multi-stage rocket, Aug./Sept., p. 28;
Missile test threatens U.S.-North Korean Agreed Framework, Aug./Sept., p. 29;
Congress and North Korea, Oct., p. 20;
Missile talks with U.S. resume, Oct., p. 24;
Avoiding breakdown in relations with the United States, Nov./Dec., pp. 11–15.
(See also IAEA, KEDO.)

Nuclear Abolition:
Leaders call for abolition of nuclear weapons, Jan./Feb., p. 34;
Dismantling the concept of "weapons of mass destruction," Apr., pp. 3–8;
Legality of nuclear weapons, Jun./Jul., p. 35 (Letter to the editor).
(See also CD.)

Nuclear Material Protection, Control and Accounting (MPC&A):
See Gore-Chernomyrdin Commission, Nuclear Safety and Security.

Nuclear Non-Proliferation:
CTBT's effect on nuclear proliferation, Mar., pp. 7–11;
Non-proliferation following South Asian nuclear tests, May, pp. 3–6;
South Asian nuclear tests and international norms, May, p. 26;
Preventing "brain drain" of former Soviet weapons scientists, Jun./Jul., pp. 16–22;
U.S.-Russian "nuclear cities" agreement signed, Oct., p. 29;
Effect of U.S. tritium decision, Nov./Dec., p. 25.
(See also China, KEDO, North Korea, Nuclear Abolition, Nuclear Safety and Security, Russia, UNSCOM, U.S. Non-Proliferation Policy, CTBT.)

Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT):
Effects of South Asian nuclear tests, May, pp. 3–5;
South Asian nuclear tests and international norms, May, p. 26 (Letter to the editor);
Brazil ratifies treaty, Jun./Jul., p. 34;
U.S., Russian nuclear reduction commitment, Nov./Dec., p. 9 (ACA briefing).
(See also CTBT.)

Nuclear Safety and Security:
Nuclear materials security in the former Soviet Union, Mar., pp. 12–18;
U.S. removes Georgian nuclear materials, Apr., p. 28;
Russian nuclear arsenal security, Jun./Jul., p. 34;
Saving the HEU deal with Russia, Aug./Sept., p. 2;
U.S.-Russian HEU deal at risk, Aug./Sept., pp. 8–14;
Congressional funding, Oct., p. 20;
U.S. stockpile certified safe and reliable, Nov./Dec., p. 25.
(See also CTR.)

Nuclear Testing:
DOE conducts subcritical experiment, Mar., p. 28;
Detecting nuclear tests, May, pp. 7–13;
Indian and Pakistani nuclear tests conducted, May, p. 22;
Tally of worldwide nuclear tests, May, p. 38 (Factfile).
(See also CTBT, India, Pakistan, Stockpile Stewardship.)

Nunn-Lugar:
See Nuclear Safety and Security.

Organization of American States (OAS):
Establishes working group on arms transparency convention, Oct., p. 26.

Ottawa Process:
See Landmines.

Pakistan:
Reaction to BJP election victory; Mar., p. 25;
May sue U.S. for undelivered F-16s, Mar., p. 29;
U.S. imposes sanctions following missile test, Apr., p. 22;
Effects of nuclear tests, May, p. 2;
Indian and Pakistani nuclear tests conducted, May, p. 22;
CD condemns nuclear tests, May, p. 25;
Diplomatic fallout from nuclear tests, Jun./Jul., p. 24;
May sign CTBT, Aug./Sept., p. 32;
Promises to sign CTBT, Oct., p. 22;
Deal with U.S. on F-16s, Nov./Dec., p. 27.
(See also Ballistic Missiles, CD, CTBT, India, Nuclear Non-Proliferation, NPT.).

Plutonium:
See Nuclear Safety and Security.

Russia:
Limits placed on missile-related sales to Iran, Jan./Feb., p. 31;
Nuclear materials security, Mar., pp. 12–18;
Yeltsin dismisses cabinet, Mar., p. 19;
U.S., Russia agree to control technology transfers to Iran, Mar., p. 24;
START II submitted to Duma, Apr., p. 24;
Shipment of steel to Iran stopped, Apr., p. 26;
U.S. Senate approves Russian sanctions for missile cooperation with Iran, May, p. 30;
Preventing "brain drain" of former Soviet weapons scientists, Jun./Jul., pp. 16-22;
Russian-Indian nuclear plant deal, Jun./Jul., p. 25;
U.S. imposes new Russian sanctions, Jun./Jul., p. 26;
IBM fined for supercomputer sale to Russia, Aug./Sept., p. 33;
Lugar visit on CTR, Nov./Dec., p. 22.
(See also Gore Chernomyrdin Commission, Nuclear Safety and Security, START II, U.S.-Russian Relations.)

South Africa:
U.S. arms sanctions ended, Mar., p. 29;
Arms purchases, Nov./Dec., p. 28.

South Korea:
Missile initiatives, Oct., p. 28.
(See also Ballistic Missiles, KEDO, North Korea.)

Space:
Talks on arms in, Aug./Sept., p. 30; Oct., p. 6.
(See also ABM Treaty.)

Stockpile Stewardship and Management Program (SSMP):
Stockpile stewardship under a CTBT, Mar., pp. 3–6.
(See also CTBT.)

Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START) I:
U.S. and Soviet/Russian strategic nuclear forces, Mar., p. 30 (Factfile);
U.S. and Soviet/Russian nuclear warhead reductions, Aug./Sept., p. 34 (Factfile);
Delivery vehicle cuts on track, Oct., p. 29.
(See also Russia, TMD, START II.)

Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START) II:
Primakov government support, Mar., p. 19;
Submitted to Duma, Apr., p. 24;
Duma vote delayed, Jun./Jul., p. 34;
Impact of U.S. NMD programs, Nov./Dec., pp 3–10 (ACA briefing);
Duma vote postponed following Iraq strikes, Nov./Dec., p. 23.
(See also Russia, START I, START III, U.S. Arms Control Policy, U.S. Nuclear Use Policy, U.S. Nuclear Weapons, U.S.-Russian Relations.)

Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START) III:
See Russia, U.S. Arms Control Policy, U.S. Nuclear Use Policy, U.S.-Russian Relations, START II.

Supercomputers:
See Export Controls.

Theater Missile Defense (TMD):
See ABM Treaty, BMD, U.S.-Russian Relations.

Ukraine:
Sign nuclear cooperation agreement with U.S., Mar., p. 23;
Lugar visit on CTR, Nov./Dec., p. 22.
(See also ABM, Russia, START I.)

United Nations:
Head of Department of Disarmament Affairs appointed, Jan./Feb., p. 37;
Security Council imposes arms embargo on Yugoslavia, Mar., p. 26;
Iraq sanctions, maintained, Apr., p. 25;
Terms set for closing Iraqi nuclear file, May, p. 31;
Iraqi nuclear file remains open, Jun./Jul., p. 29;
UN reports no monitoring regime for Yugoslav arms embargo, Aug./Sept., p. 36;
U.S. debt to UN, Oct., p. 20;
Security Council condemns Iraq's noncooperation with UNSCOM, Oct., p. 21.
(See also CD, CTBT, Iraq, UN Conventional Arms Register, UNSCOM.)

UN Conventional Arms Register:
U.S. 1997 data, Jun./Jul., pp. 37–38;
The United States remains top exporter, Oct., p. 27;
Table of top reporting exporters, Oct., p. 27;
Complete 1997 data, Nov./Dec., pp. 29–30 (Factfile).
(See also Conventional Arms Transfers.)

UN Special Commission on Iraq (UNSCOM):
Inspections of presidential sites completed, Mar., p. 21;
Report issued, Apr., p. 25;
Discovery of chemical agent VX, Jun./Jul., p. 29;
Interview with UNSCOM Chairman Richard Butler, Aug./Sept., pp. 3–7;
UNSCOM investigator Scott Ritter resigns, Aug./Sept., p. 26;
Report issued, Oct., p. 21;
Future following U.S., British air strikes, Nov./Dec., p. 21.
(See also Iraq, United Nations.)

Uranium:
See Nuclear Safety and Security.

U.S. Arms Control Policy:
Strategic agreements and the CTBT, Jan./Feb., pp. 3–10;
Advancing the arms control agenda, Jan./Feb., pp. 11–19;
Interview with U.S. CD Ambassador Robert Grey, Oct., pp. 3–8;
Status quo year in Congress, Oct., pp. 16–20.
(See also CTBT, U.S. Congress, U.S. Nuclear Use Policy, U.S.-Russian Relations.)

U.S. Congress:
Clinton urges Senate action on CTBT, Jan./Feb., p. 28;
Senate vote on NATO expansion delayed, Mar., p. 28;
Senate resolution on NATO expansion, Apr., pp. 14–19 (Document);
Senate approves NATO expansion, Apr., p. 20;
Administration calls for Senate action on CTB, Apr., p. 21;
Senate committee approves Cochran NMD bill, Apr., p. 23;
Cochran NMD bill narrowly misses floor vote, May, p. 29, Aug./Sept., p. 25;
CWC implementing legislation passed, May, p. 30;
Senate approves Russian sanctions for missile cooperation with Iran, May, p. 30;
House seeks to limit Sino-U.S. space cooperation, May, p. 33;
Administration, Congress debate treaty membership and future, May, p. 36;
CTBT trapped in Senate, Jun./Jul., pp. 3–9;
New NMD bill introduced in House, Aug./Sept., p. 25;
House bans funds to implement treaty succession agreement, Aug./Sept., p. 32;
Senate restores CTBT funding, Aug./Sept., p. 32;
Satellite export control returned to State Department, Oct., p. 25;
KEDO funding approved, Oct., p. 26.
(See also, CTBT, CWC, NMD.)

U.S. Non-Proliferation Policy:
See CD, China, CTBT, CWC, Gore-Chernomyrdin Commission, IAEA, India, Iran, Iraq, KEDO, MTCR; North Korea, Nuclear Abolition, Nuclear Safety and Security, Pakistan, South Korea, UNSCOM, U.S. Arms Control Policy, U.S. Nuclear Use Policy, U.S. Nuclear Weapons, U.S.-Russian Relations, Wassenaar Arrangement.

U.S. Nuclear Use Policy:
New presidential decision directive, Jan./Feb., pp. 5–6;
Negative security assurances, Mar.; p. 27, Oct., p. 7;
No first use, Nov./Dec., p. 24.
(See also NATO, Russia.)

U.S. Nuclear Weapons:
See Nuclear Testing, Plutonium, U.S. Non-Proliferation Policy, WIPP.

U.S.-Russian Relations:
Senate approves sanctions for missile cooperation with Iran, May, p. 30;
U.S. imposes sanctions, Jun./Jul., p. 26;
Clinton-Yeltsin summit announced, Jun./Jul., p. 34;
Summit arms control agreements, Aug./Sept., p. 24;
Impact of U.S. NMD programs, Nov./Dec., pp. 3–10 (ACA briefing).
(See also ABM Treaty, CFE Treaty, Gore-Chernomyrdin Commission, NATO, Strategic Arms Reduction Talks, U.S. Arms Control Policy, Wassenaar Arrangement.)

Wassenaar Arrangement:
Plenary held, Nov./Dec., p. 26.
(See also Conventional Arms Transfers, Export Controls.)