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The Arms Control Association is an "exceptional organization that effectively addresses pressing national and international challenges with an impact that is disproportionate to its small size." 

– John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation
January 19, 2011
1998 ACT Index

Latest ACA Resources

The following is a complete index of materials printed in Arms Control Today in 1998.

The index is organized according to 6 categories:

Authors Subjects Factfiles Interviews Briefings Documents

Authors

Albright, David and Khidhir Hamza:

"Iraq's Reconstitution of Its Nuclear Weapons Program," Oct., pp. 9–15.

Alessi, Victor

and Ronald F. Lehman II:
"Science in the Pursuit of Peace: The Success and Future of the ISTC," Jun./Jul., pp. 16–22.

Allen, Richard

, Gregory van der Vink, Jeffrey Park, Terry Wallace and Christel Hennet:
"False Accusations, Undetected Tests and Implications for the CTB Treaty," May, pp. 7–13.

Bailey, Kathleen C.:

"The CTB Treaty and Nuclear Non-Proliferation: The Debate Continues," Mar., pp. 7, 10–11 (Mar. 18 Testimony before the Senate Governmental Affairs Subcommittee on International Security, Proliferation and Federal Services).

Bell, Robert:

"Strategic Agreements and the CTB Treaty: Striking the Right Balance," Jan./Feb., pp. 3–10 (Feb, 18 address before ACA annual luncheon).

Blackwood, Milton E., Jr.:

"Beyond the Chemical Weapons Stockpile: The Challenge of Non-Stockpile Materiel," Jun./Jul., pp. 10–15.

Boese, Wade:

"Proposed FMS Deals in 1997 Reflect Tight Markets, Economic Woes," Jan./Feb., p. 32;
"CD Opens '98 Session As Members Reiterate Competing Priorities," Jan./Feb., p. 33;
"CD Closes 1st Session, Establishes One Ad Hoc Committee," Mar., p. 21;
"UN Security Council Approves Arms Embargo on Yugoslavia," Mar., p. 26;
"Administration Clears Way for South African Arms Trade," Mar., p. 29;
"Senate Approves NATO Expansion, Signals Caution on Future Rounds,"Apr., pp. 20-21;
"Indian, Pakistani Nuclear Tests Elicit Condemnation at CD," May, p. 25;
"European Union Adopts Code of Conduct on Arms Sales," May, p. 32;
"UAE to Purchase 80 F-16C/Ds, Arms in Deal Worth $7 Billion," May, pp. 34–35;
"Pakistan Supports Cutoff Talks at Opening of Third CD Session," Jun./Jul., p.27;
"CFE Compliance Report Issued; Treaty Adaptation Talks Continue," Jun./Jul., p. 30;
"U.S. Remains Largest Supplier to a Shrinking Arms Market," Jun./Jul., p. 32;
"Fortieth Ratification Sets Clock for Ottawa Treaty's Entry Into Force," Aug./Sept., p. 27;
"CD Convenes Committee to Work on Fissile Cutoff," Aug./Sept., p. 30;
"OAS to Draft Arms Transparency Convention," Oct., p. 26;
"U.S. Retains Top Spot in Latest UN Conventional Arms Register," Oct., p. 27;
"Germany Raises No-First-Use Issue at NATO Meeting," Nov./Dec., p. 24;
"Little Progress at Wassenaar Export Control Regime Plenary," Nov./Dec., p. 26.

Boutwell, Jeffrey

and Michael Klare:
"Small Arms and Light Weapons: Controlling the Real Instruments of War," Aug./Sept.

, pp. 15–23.

Bunn, George:

"Moving Toward 'Legally Binding' Negative Security Assurances," Mar., p. 27 (Letter to the editor);
"Nuclear Tests Violate International Norm," May, pp. 26–27 (Letter to the editor).

Butler, Richard:

"Ambassador Richard Butler: Keeping Iraq's Disarmament on Track," Aug./Sept., pp. 3–7.

Cerniello, Craig:

"Clinton Urges Senate to Act on CTB; Helms Calls Treaty 'Low Priority,'" Jan./Feb., p. 28;
"International Group Issues Call For Abolition of Nuclear Weapons," Jan./Feb., p. 34;
"Yeltsin Government Shake-Up Unlikely to Affect Arms Control," Mar., p. 19;
"Panel Criticizes U.S. 'Rush' To Deploy Missile Defense Systems," Mar., p. 20;
"Britain, France Ratify CTB Treaty, Adminstration Looks to Senate," Apr., p. 21;
"Senate Panel Approves NMD Bill Seeking to Move Up Deployment," Apr., p. 23;
"Yeltsin Submits START II, ABM-TMD Agreements to Duma," Apr., p. 24;
"South Asian Nuclear Tests Cloud Prospects for CTBT Ratification," May, pp. 24, 27;
"Senate Narrowly Averts Floor Vote on Cochran NMD Legislation," May, p. 29;
"Administration, Congress Continue Debate Over Membership, Future of ABM Treaty," May, p. 36;
"Britain Releases Defense Review Calling for a 'Minimum Deterrent'," Jun./Jul., p. 28;
"Rumsfeld Panel Releases Report on Missile Threat to U.S.," Jun./Jul., pp. 28, 33;
"Moscow Summit Brings Two Minor Arms Control Agreements," Aug./Sept., pp. 24, 31;
"NMD Bill Stalled in Senate; New Bill Introduced in House," Aug./Sept., p. 25;
"DOD Official Says NMD System May Require Treaty Withdrawal," Oct., p. 23;
"CIA Holds to Assessment of Ballistic Missile Threat to U.S.," Oct., p. 24;
"Duma Drafts Resolution Then Postpones Vote on START II," Nov./Dec., p. 23;
"Lugar Cites CTR Progress, Calls on U.S. for More Aid", Nov./Dec., p. 22;
"DOE Plans to Obtain Tritium from Existing Civilian Reactors," Nov./Dec., p. 25.

Diamond, Howard:

"Clinton Moves to Implement Sino-U.S. Nuclear Agreement," Jan./Feb., p. 30;
"Russia Issues New Export Decree To Stem Missile Transfers to Iran," Jan./Feb., p. 31;
"Proposed FMS Deals in 1997 Reflect Tight Markets, Economic Woes," Jan./Feb., p. 32;
"U.S. Renews Effort to Bring China Into Missile Control Regime," Mar., p. 22;
"U.S., Ukraine Sign Nuclear Accord, Agree on MTCR Accession," Mar., p. 23;
"U.S., Russia Take New Steps to Control Technology Transfers to Iran," Mar., p. 24;
"After BJP Election Win, Leaders Soften Line on Nuclear Weapons," Mar., p. 25;
"U.S. Imposes Sanctions on Pakistan, N. Korea Following Missile Test," Apr., p. 22;
"UN Maintains Sanctions on Iraq As Security Council Split Grows," Apr., p. 25;
"Russian Export Controls Fail to Stop Steel for Iranian Missile Program," Apr., p. 26;
"India Conducts Nuclear Tests; Pakistan Follows Suit," May, p. 22–23, 27;
"Senate Approves Sanction Legislation Aimed at Russian-Iranian Missile Cooperation," May, pp. 30–31;
"UN Security Council Sets Terms for 'Closing' Nuclear File on Iraq," May, p. 31;
"House Seeks to Limit Space Cooperation with China," May, p. 33;
"N. Korea Warns on Nuclear Freeze, Halts DOE Cleanup at Yongbyon," May, p. 35;
"Sino-U.S. Summit Yields Modest Advances in Arms Control Agenda," Jun./Jul., p. 23;
"India, Pakistan Respond to Arms Control Initiatives," Jun./Jul., p. 24;
"Russia, India Move Forward With Deals on Arms, Nuclear Power," Jun./Jul., p. 25;
"Clinton Vetoes Sanctions Bill; Sets, Imposes New Sanctions on Russia," Jun./Jul., p. 26;
"Iraqi Nuclear File Kept Open, New VX Concerns," Jun./Jul., p. 29;
"KEDO Resolves Cost-Sharing for North Korean Reactor Project," Jun./Jul., p. 31;
"UN Fixes Sanctions on Iraq, Seeks Renewed Cooperation," Aug./Sept., p. 26;
"N. Korea Launches Staged Rocket That Overflies Japanese Territory," Aug./Sept., pp. 28-29;
"Framework Funds Endangered by N. Korean Missile Test, Digging," Aug./Sept., p. 29;
"Iraq Blocks UNSCOM Monitoring; Security Council Calls for Review," Oct., p. 21;
"India, Pakistan Commit to Sign CTB Treaty by September 1999," Oct., p. 22;
"U.S., N. Korea Meet on Missiles; Japan, S. Korea Press on Defenses," Oct., pp. 24, 28;
"Congress Returns Export Control Over Satellites to State Department," Oct., p. 25;
"Congress Okays KEDO Funding; Japan Lifts LWR Funding Block," Oct., p. 26;
"UNSCOM Future Uncertain After Strikes on Iraq," Nov./Dec., p. 21.
"U.S. Waives Many Test-Related Sanctions on India, Pakistan," Nov./Dec., p. 23.

Diamond, Howard

and Erik J. Leklem:
"Iraq Strikes New Deal On Inspections at Special Sites," Jan./Feb., pp. 29, 35.

Doyle, James E.:

"Improving Nuclear Materials Security In the Former Soviet Union: Next Steps for the MPC&A Program," Mar., pp. 12–8.

Eisenhower, Susan:

"Advancing the Arms Control Agenda: Pitfalls and Possibilities," Jan./Feb., pp. 11–19 (ACA briefing);
"National Missile Defense, the ABM Treaty and the Future of START II," Nov./Dec., pp. 3–10 (ACA briefing).

Fischer, Christopher

and Andrew Howells:
"U.S. Army Destroys Last Non-Essential 'Dumb' Mines," Jun./Jul., p. 32.

Graham, Thomas, Jr.:

"South Asia and the Future of Nuclear Non-Proliferation," May

, pp. 3–6.

Grey, Robert T.:

"U.S. Interests and Priorities at the CD," Oct., pp. 3–8 (Interview).

Gronlund, Lisbeth:

"Taking a Closer Look at the 'Demarcation' Agreement," Jun./Jul., p. 36 (Letter to the Editor).

Hamza, Khidhir

and David Albright:
"Iraq's Reconstitution of Its Nuclear Weapons Program," Oct., pp. 9–15.

Hennet, Christel

, Gregory van der Vink, Jeffrey Park, Richard Allen and Terry Wallace:
"False Accusations, Undetected Tests and Implications for the CTB Treaty," May, pp. 7–13.

Howells, Andrew

and Christopher Fischer:
"U.S. Army Destroys Last Non-Essential 'Dumb' Mines," Jun./Jul., p. 32.

Isaacs, John:

"Advancing the Arms Control Agenda: Pitfalls and Possibilities," Jan./Feb., pp. 11–19 (ACA briefing);
"Arms Control in 1998: Congress Maintains the Status Quo," Oct., pp. 16–20.

Karp, Aaron:

"Indian Ambitions and the Limits of American Influence," May

, pp. 14-21.

Keeny, Spurgeon M., Jr.:

"Give Diplomacy a Chance," Jan./Feb., p.2;
"Advancing the Arms Control Agenda: Pitfalls and Possibilities," Jan./Feb., pp. 11–19 (ACA briefing);
"NATO Expansion: Time for Damage Control," Mar., p. 2;
"The CTB Treaty and Nuclear Non-Proliferation: The Debate Continues," Mar., pp. 7–9 (Mar. 18 Testimony before the Senate Governmental Affairs Subcommittee on International Security, Proliferation and Federal Services);
"South Asia's Nuclear Wake-Up Call," May, p. 2;
"The New Missile 'Threat' Gap," Jun./Jul., p. 2;
"'Not with a bang but a whimper'," Oct., p. 2;
"Putting National Security First," Aug./Sept., p. 2;
"Don't Stop START II," Nov./Dec., p. 2;
"National Missile Defense, the ABM Treaty and the Future of START II," Nov./Dec., pp. 3–10 (ACA briefing).

Kimball, Daryl G.:

"Holding the CTBT Hostage in the Senate: The 'Stealth' Strategy of Helms and Lott," Jun./Jul., pp. 3–9.

Klare, Michael

and Jeffrey Boutwell:
"Small Arms and Light Weapons: controlling the Real Instruments of War," Aug./Sept., pp. 15–23.

Lehman, Ronald F., II

and Victor Alessi:
"Science in the Pursuit of Peace: The Success and Future of the ISTC," Jun./Jul., pp. 16–22.

Leklem, Erik J.:

"UNSCOM Completes First Inspections at 'Presidential Sites,'" Mar., p. 21;
"At One Year, CWC Progress Tempered by Limited Transparency," Apr., pp. 27–28;
"CWC Implementing Legislation Passed by Senate; Future Uncertain," May, p. 30;
"U.S. Pledges to Sign APL Ban; Lists Conditions to be Met First," May, p. 37.

Leklem, Erik J.

and Howard Diamond:
"Iraq Strikes New Deal On Inspections at Special Sites," Jan./Feb., pp. 29, 35;

Mendelsohn, Jack:

"Advancing the Arms Control Agenda: Pitfalls and Possibilities," Jan./Feb., pp. 11–19 (ACA briefing);
"Tranche Fever," Apr.

, p. 2;

Neff, Thomas L.:

"Privatizing U.S. National Security: The U.S.-Russian HEU Deal at Risk," Aug./Sept., pp. 8–14.

Panofsky, Wolfgang K. H.:

"Dismantling the Concept of 'Weapons of Mass Destruction,'" Apr., pp. 3–8.

Park, Jeffrey

, Gregory van der Vink, Richard Allen, Terry Wallace and Christel Hennet:
"False Accusations, Undetected Tests and Implications for the CTB Treaty," May

, pp. 7–13.

Pike, John:

"National Missile Defense, the ABM Treaty and the Future of START II," Nov./Dec., pp. 3–10 (ACA briefing).

Rhinelander, John:

"National Missile Defense, the ABM Treaty and the Future of START II," Nov./Dec., pp. 3–10 (ACA briefing).

Sigal, Leon V.:

"Averting a Train Wreck with North Korea," Nov./Dec., pp. 11–15.

Smith, Harold P.:

"Funding CW Demilitarization in Russia: Time to Share the Burden," Nov./Dec., pp. 16–20.

Smith, Harold P.

and Richard S. Soll:
"Challenges of Nuclear Stockpile Stewardship Under a Comprehensive Test Ban," Mar., pp. 3–6.

Soll, Richard S.

and Harold P. Smith:
"Challenges of Nuclear Stockpile Stewardship Under a Comprehensive Test Ban," Mar., pp. 3–6.

Tucker, Jonathan B.:

"Strengthening the BWC: Moving Toward a Compliance Protocol," Jan./Feb., pp. 20–27.

van der Vink, Gregory

, Jeffrey Park, Richard Allen, Terry Wallace and Christel Hennet:
"False Accusations, Undetected Tests and Implications for the CTB Treaty," May, pp. 7–13.

Wallace, Terry

, Gregory van der Vink, Jeffrey Park, Richard Allen, and Christel Hennet:
"False Accusations, Undetected Tests and Implications for the CTB Treaty," May, pp. 7–13.

Ware, Alyn:

"The 1996 ICJ Opinion and the Legality of Nuclear Weaponns," Jun./Jul., p. 35 (Letter to the Editor).


Briefings

"Advancing the Arms Control Agenda: Pitfalls and Possibilities," with Susan Eisenhower, John Isaacs, Spurgeon M. Keeny, Jr. and Jack Mendelsohn, Jan./Feb., pp. 11–19.

"National Missile Defense, the ABM Treaty and the Future of START II," with Susan Eisenhower, Spurgeon M. Keeny, Jr., John Pike and John Rhinelander, Nov./Dec., pp. 3–10.


Documents

"The Senate Resolution on NATO Expansion," Apr., pp. 14–19.


Factfiles

"National Missile Defense: An Overview of Alternative," Jan./Feb., p. 38.

"U.S. and Soviet/Russian Strategic Nuclear Forces," Mar., p. 30.

"Update: States-Parties and Signatories to The Chemical Weapons Convention," Apr., pp. 29–30.

"The Nuclear Testing Tally," May, p. 38.

"U.S. 1997 Data for the UN Conventional Arms Register," Jun./Jul., pp. 37–38.

"U.S. and Soviet/Russian Strategic Nuclear Forces," Aug./Sept., p. 34.

"The CTB Treaty: Signatories and Ratifiers," Oct., p. 30.

"The 1997 UN Register of Conventional Arms," Nov./Dec., p. 29–30.


Interviews

Ambassador Richard Butler:

Aug./Sept., pp. 3–7.

Ambassador Robert T. Grey, Jr.:

Oct., pp. 3–8.

 


Subjects

ABM Treaty:

ABM-related agreements submitted to Duma, Apr., p. 24;
Administration, Congress debate treaty membership and future, May, p. 36;
Demarcation agreements, Jun./Jul., p. 36 (Letter to the editor);
House bans funds to implement treaty succession agreement, Aug./Sept., p. 32;
Congressional attacks on treaty, Oct., pp. 16–17;
NMD deployment may require ABM withdrawal, Oct., p. 23;
Impact of U.S. NMD programs, Nov./Dec., pp. 3–10 (ACA briefing).
(See also BMD, NATO, Russia, START II, U.S.-Russian Relations.)

Arms Control and Disarmament Agency (ACDA):

Integration into State Department, Oct., pp. 2, 19.

Balkans:

Security Council imposes arms embargo on Yugoslavia, Mar., p. 26;
UN reports no monitoring regime for arms embargo, Aug./Sept., p. 36.

Ballistic Missiles:

Pakistan tests Ghauri, Apr., p. 22;
New missile "threat" gap, Jun./Jul., p. 2;
Iranian Shahab-3 test, Jun./Jul., p. 26;
Rumsfeld commission releases report on missile threat to U.S., Jun./Jul., p. 28;
N. Korea launches multi-stage rocket, Aug./Sept., p. 28;
CIA evaluates missile threat to U.S., Oct., p. 24.
(See also India, MTCR, NMD, Pakistan, UNSCOM.)

Ballistic Missile Defense (BMD):

Overview of alternative NMD plans, Jan./Feb., p. 38 (Factfile);
Welch panel criticizes rush to deployment, Mar., p. 20;
New NMD bill introduced in Senate, Mar., p. 28;
U.S. "rush to failure," Apr., pp. 9–13;
Senate committee approves NMD bill, Apr., p. 23;
Senate NMD bill narrowly misses floor vote, May, p. 29; Aug./Sept., p. 25;
New missile "threat" gap, Jun./Jul., p. 2;
Rumsfeld commission releases report, Jun./Jul., p. 28;
New NMD bill introduced in House, Aug./Sept., p. 25;
Congressional debate in 1998, Oct., pp. 16–17;
CIA evaluates ballistic missile threat to U.S., Oct., p. 24;
U.S. to increase NMD funding, Nov./Dec., pp. 3–10 (ACA briefing).
(See also ABM Treaty, U.S. Congress, U.S.-Russian relations.)

Belarus:

See ABM Treaty, START I.

Biological Weapons:

See Iraq.

Biological Weapons Convention (BWC):

Monitoring compliance, Jan./Feb., 20–27.

Chemical Weapons:

Disposing of CW stockpiles, Jun./Jul., pp. 10–15;
Funding CW demilitarization in Russia, Nov./Dec., pp. 16–20.
(See also Chemical Weapons Convention.)

Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC):

Analysis of first year of formal activity, Apr., p. 27;
List of states-parties and signatories, Apr., pp. 29–30 (Factfile);
Senate passes implementing legislation, May, p. 30;
Implementing legislation vetoed, Jun./Jul., p. 34;
Implementing legislation approved, Oct., pp. 18–19.
(See also Chemical Weapons, U.S. Congress.)

China:

Sino-U.S. nuclear cooperation accord, Jan./Feb., p. 30;
U.S. encourages China to join MTCR, Mar., p. 22;
U.S. House seeks to limit Sino-U.S. space cooperation, May, p. 33;
Sino-U.S. summit, Jun./Jul., p. 23;
U.S. arms sale to Taiwan proposed, Aug./Sept., p. 36.

Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT):

Clinton urges Senate action, Jan./Feb., p. 28;
Stockpile stewardship under a CTBT, Mar., pp. 3–6;
Effect of CTBT on nuclear proliferation, Mar., pp. 7–11;
Britain, France deposit instruments of ratification, Apr., p. 21;
Effects of South Asian nuclear tests, May, pp. 5–6;
Effectiveness of verification regime, May, pp. 7–13;
Effects of South Asian nuclear tests on CTBT ratification, May, p. 24;
CTBT trapped in Senate, Jun./Jul., pp. 3–9;
Brazil deposits instrument of ratification, Jun./Jul., p. 34;
India, Pakistan may sign CTBT, Aug./Sept., p. 32;
U.S. Senate restores CTBT funding, Aug./Sept., p. 32;
U.S. Senate inaction on treaty, Oct., pp. 17–18;
Prospects for ratification in 1999, Oct., p. 20;
India, Pakistan promise to sign treaty, Oct., p. 22;
Treaty signatories and ratifiers, Oct., p. 30 (Factfile).
(See also CD, Japan, SSMP, U.S. Arms Control Policy, U.S. Non-Proliferation Policy.)

Conference on Disarmament (CD):

1998 session opens, Jan./Feb., p. 33;
Establishes ad hoc committee on negative security assurances, Mar., p. 21;
Special coordinator for landmines appointed, Mar., p. 29;
Condemns Indian and Pakistani nuclear tests; May, p. 25;
Pakistan announces support for fissile material cutoff treaty, Jun./Jul., p. 27;
Committee on fissile material cutoff treaty convened, Aug./Sept., p. 30;
Interview with U.S. CD Ambassador Robert Grey, Oct., pp. 3–8.
(See also Landmines, CTBT, United Nations.)

Conventional Armed Forces in Europe (CFE) Treaty:

Compliance report issued, Jun./Jul., p. 30;
Russia calls for faster adaptation talks, Aug./Sept., p. 32;
Goal set for adapting treaty, Nov./Dec., p. 27.
(See also NATO, Russia, U.S.-Russian Relations.)

Conventional Arms Transfers:

Proposed 1997 U.S. sales, Jan./Feb., p. 32;
EU code of conduct proposed, Jan./Feb., p. 37;
Code of conduct legislation dropped by U.S. Congress, Mar., p. 28;
Thailand cancels arms purchase, Mar., p. 29;
U.S. to permit arms sales to South Africa, Mar., p. 29;
EU adopts code of conduct, May, p. 32;
U.S. fighter sale to UAE announced, May, p. 34;
U.S. leading arms supplier, Jun./Jul., p. 32;
Global spread of small arms and light weapons, Aug./Sept., pp. 15–23;
More European states adopt EU code of conduct, Aug./Sept., p. 32;
U.S. FY 1997 sales, Aug./Sept., p. 33;
U.S. arms sale to Taiwan proposed, Aug./Sept., p. 36;
OAS establishes working group on arms transparency convention, Oct., p. 26;
U.S.-Israeli fighter sale, Oct., p. 29;
Efforts to slow weapons flow to Africa, Oct., p. 29;
S. African arms purchases, Nov./Dec., p. 28;
Cyprus cancels Russian missile delivery, Nov./Dec., p. 27.
(See also UN Conventional Arms Register, U.S. Arms Control Policy, Wassenaar.)

Cooperative Threat Reduction:

Lugar cites progress, calls for more aid, Nov./Dec., p. 22.
(See also Nuclear Safety and Security.)

Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA):

Agency created, Oct., p. 29.

Department of Energy:

Subcritical experiment conducted, Mar., p. 28;
Peña to resign as Energy secretary, Apr., p. 28;
Future tritium source announced, Nov./Dec., p. 25.
(See also IAEA, Nuclear Safety and Security.)

Export Controls:

U.S. House seeks to limit Sino-U.S. space cooperation, May, p. 33;
IBM fined for supercomputer sale to Russia, Aug./Sept., p. 33;
Satellite export control returns to State Department, Oct., p. 25.
(See also China, MTCR, U.S. Non-Proliferation Policy, Russia, Wassenaar Arrangement.)

Fissile Material Cutoff Treaty (FMCT):

Pakistan announces FMCT support in CD, Jun./Jul., p. 27;
CD committee on FMCT convened, Aug./Sept., p. 30;
U.S. policy, Oct., pp. 4–6.

Georgia:

U.S. removes Georgian nuclear materials, Apr., p. 28;
Ratifies Open Skies Treaty, Jun./Jul., p. 34.

Gore-Chernomyrdin Commission:

Results of tenth meeting, Mar., p. 26;
Executive session held, Jun./Jul., p. 34.
(See also U.S.-Russian Relations.)

Great Britain:

Retires tactical nuclear weapons, Mar., p. 28;
Defense review calls for minimum deterrent, Jun./Jul., p. 28.

India:

BJP leaders tone down nuclear rhetoric after election win, Mar., p. 25;
Effects of nuclear tests, May, p. 2;
CTBT monitoring system and Indian nuclear tests, May, pp. 11–12;
Factors in nuclear test decision, May, pp. 14–21;
Indian and Pakistani nuclear tests conducted, May, p. 22;
CD condemns nuclear tests, May, p. 25;
Diplomatic fallout from nuclear tests, Jun./Jul., p. 24;
Russian-Indian nuclear plant deal, Jun./Jul., p. 25;
May sign CTBT, Aug./Sept., p. 32;
Promises to sign CTBT, Oct., p. 22.
(See also Ballistic Missiles, CD, CTBT, Nuclear Non-Proliferation, NPT, Pakistan.)

International Atomic Energy Agency:

Report on Iraq issued, Apr., p. 25;
Approves protocols for additional nuclear safeguards, Jun./Jul., p. 34;
Report on Iraq issued, Oct., p. 21.
(See also North Korea.)

Iran:

Russia sets limits on missile-related sales, Jan./Feb., p. 31;
Chinese nuclear sale blocked, Mar., p. 22;
Ukraine agrees to end nuclear cooperation, Mar., p. 23;
U.S., Russia agree to control technology transfers, Mar., p. 24;
Shipment of Russian steel stopped, Apr., p. 26;
U.S. Senate approves Russian sanctions for missile cooperation with Iran, May, p. 30;
Administration imposes new Russian sanctions, Jun./Jul., p. 26;
Shahab-3 missile test, Jun./Jul., p. 26.

Iraq:

U.S. air strikes averted, Jan./Feb., p. 2, 29;
Effects on U.S.-Russian relations, Jan./Feb., pp. 18–19;
UN votes to maintain sanctions, Apr., p. 25;
UN sets terms for closing Iraqi nuclear file, May, p. 31;
UN keeps nuclear file open, Jun./Jul., p. 29;
UN ends bimonthly reviews of economic sanctions, Aug./Sept., p. 26;
Resumption of nuclear program., Oct., pp. 9–15;
Blocks UNSCOM monitoring, Oct., p. 21;
U.S., British Air Strikes, Nov./Dec., p. 21.
(See also IAEA, UNSCOM.)

Japan:

Missile defense initiatives, Oct., p. 24;
Resumes participation in N. Korean reactor project, Oct., p. 26.
(See also KEDO.)

Kazakhstan:

See ABM Treaty, START I.

Korean Peninsula Energy Development Organization (KEDO):


Nuclear plant cost-sharing arrangement agreed on, Jun./Jul., p. 31;
Funding approved by Congress, Oct., p. 26.
(See also North Korea.)

Landmines:

U.S. policy, Jan./Feb., p. 10;
U.S. promises to sign Ottawa convention, May, p. 37;
U.S. destroys last "dumb" mines, Jun./Jul., p. 32;
40th state ratifies Ottawa convention, Aug./Sept., p. 27;
Table of Ottawa ratifiers, Aug./Sept., p. 27.

Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR):

U.S. encourages China to join, Mar., p. 22; May; p. 33, Jun./Jul., p. 23;
U.S. supports Ukraine's entry, Mar., p. 23;
South Korea possibly joining, Oct., p. 28.
(See also U.S. Arms Control Policy.)

National Missile Defense (NMD):

See ABM Treaty, BMD, U.S.-Russian Relations.

NATO:

Russia and NATO expansion, Jan./Feb., pp. 14–15;
Controlling the damage of NATO expansion, Mar., p. 2;
Senate vote on NATO expansion delayed, Mar., p. 28;
Second round of expansion, Apr., p. 2;
Senate resolution on NATO expansion, Apr., pp. 14–19 (Document);
Senate approves NATO expansion, Apr., p. 20;
Senate debate, Oct., pp. 19–20;
No first use raised, Nov./Dec., p. 24.
(See also CFE Treaty, Russia, START III, U.S. Arms Control Policy, U.S.-Russian Relations.)

North Korea:

U.S. imposes sanctions following Pakistani missile test, Apr., p. 22;
Nuclear cleanup halted, May, p. 35;
Launches multi-stage rocket, Aug./Sept., p. 28;
Missile test threatens U.S.-North Korean Agreed Framework, Aug./Sept., p. 29;
Congress and North Korea, Oct., p. 20;
Missile talks with U.S. resume, Oct., p. 24;
Avoiding breakdown in relations with the United States, Nov./Dec., pp. 11–15.
(See also IAEA, KEDO.)

Nuclear Abolition:

Leaders call for abolition of nuclear weapons, Jan./Feb., p. 34;
Dismantling the concept of "weapons of mass destruction," Apr., pp. 3–8;
Legality of nuclear weapons, Jun./Jul., p. 35 (Letter to the editor).
(See also CD.)

Nuclear Material Protection, Control and Accounting (MPC&A):


See Gore-Chernomyrdin Commission, Nuclear Safety and Security.

Nuclear Non-Proliferation:

CTBT's effect on nuclear proliferation, Mar., pp. 7–11;
Non-proliferation following South Asian nuclear tests, May, pp. 3–6;
South Asian nuclear tests and international norms, May, p. 26;
Preventing "brain drain" of former Soviet weapons scientists, Jun./Jul., pp. 16–22;
U.S.-Russian "nuclear cities" agreement signed, Oct., p. 29;
Effect of U.S. tritium decision, Nov./Dec., p. 25.
(See also China, KEDO, North Korea, Nuclear Abolition, Nuclear Safety and Security, Russia, UNSCOM, U.S. Non-Proliferation Policy, CTBT.)

Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT):

Effects of South Asian nuclear tests, May, pp. 3–5;
South Asian nuclear tests and international norms, May, p. 26 (Letter to the editor);
Brazil ratifies treaty, Jun./Jul., p. 34;
U.S., Russian nuclear reduction commitment, Nov./Dec., p. 9 (ACA briefing).
(See also CTBT.)

Nuclear Safety and Security:

Nuclear materials security in the former Soviet Union, Mar., pp. 12–18;
U.S. removes Georgian nuclear materials, Apr., p. 28;
Russian nuclear arsenal security, Jun./Jul., p. 34;
Saving the HEU deal with Russia, Aug./Sept., p. 2;
U.S.-Russian HEU deal at risk, Aug./Sept., pp. 8–14;
Congressional funding, Oct., p. 20;
U.S. stockpile certified safe and reliable, Nov./Dec., p. 25.
(See also CTR.)

Nuclear Testing:

DOE conducts subcritical experiment, Mar., p. 28;
Detecting nuclear tests, May, pp. 7–13;
Indian and Pakistani nuclear tests conducted, May, p. 22;
Tally of worldwide nuclear tests, May, p. 38 (Factfile).
(See also CTBT, India, Pakistan, Stockpile Stewardship.)

Nunn-Lugar:

See Nuclear Safety and Security.

Organization of American States (OAS):

Establishes working group on arms transparency convention, Oct., p. 26.

Ottawa Process:

See Landmines.

Pakistan:

Reaction to BJP election victory; Mar., p. 25;
May sue U.S. for undelivered F-16s, Mar., p. 29;
U.S. imposes sanctions following missile test, Apr., p. 22;
Effects of nuclear tests, May, p. 2;
Indian and Pakistani nuclear tests conducted, May, p. 22;
CD condemns nuclear tests, May, p. 25;
Diplomatic fallout from nuclear tests, Jun./Jul., p. 24;
May sign CTBT, Aug./Sept., p. 32;
Promises to sign CTBT, Oct., p. 22;
Deal with U.S. on F-16s, Nov./Dec., p. 27.
(See also Ballistic Missiles, CD, CTBT, India, Nuclear Non-Proliferation, NPT.).

Plutonium:

See Nuclear Safety and Security.

Russia:

Limits placed on missile-related sales to Iran, Jan./Feb., p. 31;
Nuclear materials security, Mar., pp. 12–18;
Yeltsin dismisses cabinet, Mar., p. 19;
U.S., Russia agree to control technology transfers to Iran, Mar., p. 24;
START II submitted to Duma, Apr., p. 24;
Shipment of steel to Iran stopped, Apr., p. 26;
U.S. Senate approves Russian sanctions for missile cooperation with Iran, May, p. 30;
Preventing "brain drain" of former Soviet weapons scientists, Jun./Jul., pp. 16-22;
Russian-Indian nuclear plant deal, Jun./Jul., p. 25;
U.S. imposes new Russian sanctions, Jun./Jul., p. 26;
IBM fined for supercomputer sale to Russia, Aug./Sept., p. 33;
Lugar visit on CTR, Nov./Dec., p. 22.
(See also Gore Chernomyrdin Commission, Nuclear Safety and Security, START II, U.S.-Russian Relations.)

South Africa:

U.S. arms sanctions ended, Mar., p. 29;
Arms purchases, Nov./Dec., p. 28.

South Korea:

Missile initiatives, Oct., p. 28.
(See also Ballistic Missiles, KEDO, North Korea.)

Space:

Talks on arms in, Aug./Sept., p. 30; Oct., p. 6.
(See also ABM Treaty.)

Stockpile Stewardship and Management Program (SSMP):

Stockpile stewardship under a CTBT, Mar., pp. 3–6.
(See also CTBT.)

Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START) I:

U.S. and Soviet/Russian strategic nuclear forces, Mar., p. 30 (Factfile);
U.S. and Soviet/Russian nuclear warhead reductions, Aug./Sept., p. 34 (Factfile);
Delivery vehicle cuts on track, Oct., p. 29.
(See also Russia, TMD, START II.)

Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START) II:

Primakov government support, Mar., p. 19;
Submitted to Duma, Apr., p. 24;
Duma vote delayed, Jun./Jul., p. 34;
Impact of U.S. NMD programs, Nov./Dec., pp 3–10 (ACA briefing);
Duma vote postponed following Iraq strikes, Nov./Dec., p. 23.
(See also Russia, START I, START III, U.S. Arms Control Policy, U.S. Nuclear Use Policy, U.S. Nuclear Weapons, U.S.-Russian Relations.)

Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START) III:

See Russia, U.S. Arms Control Policy, U.S. Nuclear Use Policy, U.S.-Russian Relations, START II.

Supercomputers:

See Export Controls.

Theater Missile Defense (TMD):

See ABM Treaty, BMD, U.S.-Russian Relations.

Ukraine:

Sign nuclear cooperation agreement with U.S., Mar., p. 23;
Lugar visit on CTR, Nov./Dec., p. 22.
(See also ABM, Russia, START I.)

United Nations:

Head of Department of Disarmament Affairs appointed, Jan./Feb., p. 37;
Security Council imposes arms embargo on Yugoslavia, Mar., p. 26;
Iraq sanctions, maintained, Apr., p. 25;
Terms set for closing Iraqi nuclear file, May, p. 31;
Iraqi nuclear file remains open, Jun./Jul., p. 29;
UN reports no monitoring regime for Yugoslav arms embargo, Aug./Sept., p. 36;
U.S. debt to UN, Oct., p. 20;
Security Council condemns Iraq's noncooperation with UNSCOM, Oct., p. 21.
(See also CD, CTBT, Iraq, UN Conventional Arms Register, UNSCOM.)

UN Conventional Arms Register:

U.S. 1997 data, Jun./Jul., pp. 37–38;
The United States remains top exporter, Oct., p. 27;
Table of top reporting exporters, Oct., p. 27;
Complete 1997 data, Nov./Dec., pp. 29–30 (Factfile).
(See also Conventional Arms Transfers.)

UN Special Commission on Iraq (UNSCOM):

Inspections of presidential sites completed, Mar., p. 21;
Report issued, Apr., p. 25;
Discovery of chemical agent VX, Jun./Jul., p. 29;
Interview with UNSCOM Chairman Richard Butler, Aug./Sept., pp. 3–7;
UNSCOM investigator Scott Ritter resigns, Aug./Sept., p. 26;
Report issued, Oct., p. 21;
Future following U.S., British air strikes, Nov./Dec., p. 21.
(See also Iraq, United Nations.)

Uranium:

See Nuclear Safety and Security.

U.S. Arms Control Policy:

Strategic agreements and the CTBT, Jan./Feb., pp. 3–10;
Advancing the arms control agenda, Jan./Feb., pp. 11–19;
Interview with U.S. CD Ambassador Robert Grey, Oct., pp. 3–8;
Status quo year in Congress, Oct., pp. 16–20.
(See also CTBT, U.S. Congress, U.S. Nuclear Use Policy, U.S.-Russian Relations.)

U.S. Congress:

Clinton urges Senate action on CTBT, Jan./Feb., p. 28;
Senate vote on NATO expansion delayed, Mar., p. 28;
Senate resolution on NATO expansion, Apr., pp. 14–19 (Document);
Senate approves NATO expansion, Apr., p. 20;
Administration calls for Senate action on CTB, Apr., p. 21;
Senate committee approves Cochran NMD bill, Apr., p. 23;
Cochran NMD bill narrowly misses floor vote, May, p. 29, Aug./Sept., p. 25;
CWC implementing legislation passed, May, p. 30;
Senate approves Russian sanctions for missile cooperation with Iran, May, p. 30;
House seeks to limit Sino-U.S. space cooperation, May, p. 33;
Administration, Congress debate treaty membership and future, May, p. 36;
CTBT trapped in Senate, Jun./Jul., pp. 3–9;
New NMD bill introduced in House, Aug./Sept., p. 25;
House bans funds to implement treaty succession agreement, Aug./Sept., p. 32;
Senate restores CTBT funding, Aug./Sept., p. 32;
Satellite export control returned to State Department, Oct., p. 25;
KEDO funding approved, Oct., p. 26.
(See also, CTBT, CWC, NMD.)

U.S. Non-Proliferation Policy:

See CD, China, CTBT, CWC, Gore-Chernomyrdin Commission, IAEA, India, Iran, Iraq, KEDO, MTCR; North Korea, Nuclear Abolition, Nuclear Safety and Security, Pakistan, South Korea, UNSCOM, U.S. Arms Control Policy, U.S. Nuclear Use Policy, U.S. Nuclear Weapons, U.S.-Russian Relations, Wassenaar Arrangement.

U.S. Nuclear Use Policy:

New presidential decision directive, Jan./Feb., pp. 5–6;
Negative security assurances, Mar.; p. 27, Oct., p. 7;
No first use, Nov./Dec., p. 24.
(See also NATO, Russia.)

U.S. Nuclear Weapons:

See Nuclear Testing, Plutonium, U.S. Non-Proliferation Policy, WIPP.

U.S.-Russian Relations:

Senate approves sanctions for missile cooperation with Iran, May, p. 30;
U.S. imposes sanctions, Jun./Jul., p. 26;
Clinton-Yeltsin summit announced, Jun./Jul., p. 34;
Summit arms control agreements, Aug./Sept., p. 24;
Impact of U.S. NMD programs, Nov./Dec., pp. 3–10 (ACA briefing).
(See also ABM Treaty, CFE Treaty, Gore-Chernomyrdin Commission, NATO, Strategic Arms Reduction Talks, U.S. Arms Control Policy, Wassenaar Arrangement.)

Wassenaar Arrangement:

Plenary held, Nov./Dec., p. 26.
(See also Conventional Arms Transfers, Export Controls.)