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"I find hope in the work of long-established groups such as the Arms Control Association...[and] I find hope in younger anti-nuclear activists and the movement around the world to formally ban the bomb."

– Vincent Intondi
Author, "African Americans Against the Bomb: Nuclear Weapons, Colonialism, and the Black Freedom Movement
July 1, 2020
Appendix A: Summary of the Key ­Components of the JCPOA

Table of Contents

The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action is a detailed, 159-page agreement with five annexes. Implementation schedules and enforcement options are also governed by UN Security Council Resolution 2231, adopted on July 20, 2015, and Iran’s compliance with the JCPOA will be verified by the IAEA according to certain requirements set forth in the agreement.

The following is a summary of the timeline and key components of the multi-year agreement.

Timeline for Implementation

Finalization Day: conclusion of the agreement on July 14, then Iran and the United States complete domestic review processes, Iran provides the IAEA with information necessary for the agency to complete its PMD investigation

Adoption Day: 90 days after the passage of the UN Security Council Resolution endorsing the deal (July 20, 2015), afterward Iran and the P5+1 take steps (outlined below) to meet their commitments by implementation day

Implementation Day: The IAEA certifies that Iran has taken the key steps to restrict its nuclear program and put in place increased monitoring, and the U.S., EU, and UN implement sanctions relief

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