The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action is a detailed, 159-page agreement with five annexes. Implementation schedules and enforcement options are also governed by UN Security Council Resolution 2231, adopted on July 20, 2015, and Iran’s compliance with the JCPOA will be verified by the IAEA according to certain requirements set forth in the agreement.
The following is a summary of the timeline and key components of the multi-year agreement.
Timeline for Implementation
• Finalization Day: conclusion of the agreement on July 14, then Iran and the United States complete domestic review processes, Iran provides the IAEA with information necessary for the agency to complete its PMD investigation
• Adoption Day: 90 days after the passage of the UN Security Council Resolution endorsing the deal (July 20, 2015), afterward Iran and the P5+1 take steps (outlined below) to meet their commitments by implementation day
• Implementation Day: The IAEA certifies that Iran has taken the key steps to restrict its nuclear program and put in place increased monitoring, and the U.S., EU, and UN implement sanctions relief