Login/Logout

*
*  

ACA’s journal, Arms Control Today, remains the best in the market. Well focused. Solidly researched. Prudent.

– Hans Blix,
former IAEA Director-General

Nuclear Nonproliferation

The P5+1 and Iran Nuclear Talks Alert, July 3

Ministers and Momentum International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Director-General Yukiya Amano returned from Tehran on Friday after meeting with Iranian President Hassan Rouhani and the Secretary of the Supreme National Security Council of Iran Ali Shamkhani. The Iranian press and The Los Angeles Times reported Shamkhani as saying that Iran is ready to continue cooperation with the IAEA to “resolve the remaining issues.” Upon return to Vienna, Amano said on July 3 that he discussed monitoring and verification under a comprehensive deal and the agency's investigation into the possible military...

The P5+1 and Iran Nuclear Talks Alert, July 1

Mr. Amano Goes to Tehran Negotiators decided to extend talks through July 7, with each side agreeing to continue implementation of the November 2013 interim Joint Plan of Action for the next seven days. The decision came after Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif returned to Vienna. He brought with him the head of the Atomic Energy Agency of Iran, Ali Akbar Salehi, who has been sidelined from many of the negotiations since Lausanne due to health concerns. Negotiators on both sides have said that Salehi’s presence will be an asset to the talks, given his technical expertise and...

Statement on the Extension of the Iran Nuclear Talks

Description: 

Sources indicate that the P5+1 and Iran negotiators are on their way to reaching agreement on the technical implementation of the key remaining issues, within the next several days.

Body: 

Arms Control Experts Say ‘Both Sides Have Come Too Far to Walk Away’ 

For Immediate Release: June 30, 2015

Media Contacts: Kelsey Davenport, nonproliferation policy director, [email protected]; Daryl G. Kimball, executive director, 202-277-3478; Timothy Farnsworth, communications director, 202-463-8270 ext. 110.

(Washington D.C. and Vienna)Our sources in Vienna and in other key capitals indicate that the P5+1 (China, France, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States) and Iran negotiators are making progress and the two sides are on their way to reaching agreement on the technical implementation of the key remaining issues, within the next several days.  

These are complex negotiations, but most of the major and most difficult political decisions have already been made and the negotiators are within sight of reaching a final agreement by their revised July 7 deadline. 

It is important to get all the details right so that there are no ambiguities or weaknesses in the final agreement that complicate effective and timely implementationor that can be exploited by hard line opponents of a negotiated solution in Tehran and Washington.

Despite claims from some political pundits who suggest there are “vast differences,” the positions of the two sides overlap just enough to allow each side to meet their core concerns. For instance, some critics and press outlets erroneously assert that Iran’s Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei has ruled out any inspections of Iran’s military sites. A more careful reading shows that Khamenei said Iran will not allow “unconventional” inspections.

However, inspections under the terms of the additional protocol are not “unconventional.” Iran already has an additional protocol agreement with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) that it implemented voluntarily from 2003 to 2006, and has agreed to implement and ratify under a final nuclear deal with the P5+1.

It is unrealistic and unnecessary to have carte blanche access to Iran’s military sites to verify Iran’s compliance with this agreement. Iran, like any other country, has legitimate concerns about safeguarding sensitive military sites. Yet, for effective verification, the IAEA must be able to promptly access sites when and if concerns arise and with reason, as is permitted under the terms of the IAEA additional protocol, which Iran has already agreed to implement and ratify. Establishing a dispute mechanism to broker fair compromises between Iran and the IAEA in a timely manner if disputes over access arise will also be helpful. 

wide range of nonproliferation and security experts agree that a final agreement based on the parameters agreed to on April 2 at Lausanne is clearly in the interest of both Iran and the international community. When implemented, it will put in place an effective, verifiable, enforceable, long-term plan to guard against the possibility of a new nuclear-armed state in the Middle East. It will establish long-term, verifiable restrictions on Iran's sensitive nuclear fuel cycle activities, many of which will last for 10 years, some for 15 years, some for 25 years. Iran’s plutonium path to the bomb will be eliminated, its potential to “breakout” and amass enough bomb-grade uranium for one bomb will be expanded to at least 12 months.

Just as importantly, the deal will put in place a layered monitoring regime, which will include IAEA inspections under Iran's additional protocol and modified code 3.1 safeguards provisions that will last indefinitely.

This is an historic moment—both sides have come too far to walk away from an effective, long-term verifiable deal that blocks Iran’s pathways to nuclear weapons.

Kelsey Davenport, director for nonproliferation policy, in Vienna and Daryl G. Kimball, executive director, in Washington D.C.

Country Resources:

Posted: December 31, 1969

The P5+1 and Iran Nuclear Talks Alert, June 29

Talks Extended, But Differences Resolvable Just days before the June 30 deadline for completing their talks, foreign ministers from the P5+1 (China, France, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States) and Iran descended on Vienna. U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry kicked off the weekend arrivals on Friday night. He was followed by Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif on Saturday morning and French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius later that day. Upon arrival, Fabius said that there are three areas where difference still exist: sanctions relief, inspections, and...

The P5+1 and Iran Nuclear Talks Alert, June 26

Vienna Prepares for Ministers and the Media Talks are ramping up in Vienna, with preparations for the arrival of foreign ministers from Iran and the P5+1 (China, France, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States). To accommodate the expected flood of journalists, a media tent was constructed outside the Coburg Palace. In the negotiating rooms yesterday, Iran’s deputy foreign ministers and negotiators met with EU political director Helga Schmid. U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry will travel to Vienna today, June 26, along with U.S. Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz. Iran’s...

The P5+1 and Iran Nuclear Deal: Outcome, Implementation, and Verification

Description: 

Negotiators from the P5+1 and Iran are in the final stretch to secure a comprehensive nuclear agreement...

Body: 

Thursday, July 16, 2015
9:30 a.m. - 11:00 a.m.
Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Root Room
1779 Massachusetts Ave. NW, Washington, D.C. 

RSVP Today!

Negotiators from the P5+1 (China, France, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States) and Iran are in the final stretch to secure a comprehensive nuclear agreement that would verifiably block Iran’s pathways to nuclear weapons development and guard against a clandestine weapons program in exchange for sanctions relief. Should such an agreement be reached in the coming weeks, diplomats will then turn to the process of implementing the comprehensive deal. 

On July 16, the Arms Control Association is bringing together former high-level government officials and experts to address the challenges of implementing the deal and discuss steps that can be taken to enhance prospects for the deal’s success.  

Speakers include:

  • Kelsey Davenport, Director for Nonproliferation Policy, Arms Control Association;
  • Ilan Goldenberg, Senior Fellow and Director, Middle East Security Program, Center for a New American Security and a former Special Advisor on the Middle East and former Iran Team Chief in the Office of the Undersecretary of Defense for Policy;
  • Richard Nephew, Program Director of Economic Statecraft, Sanctions and Energy Markets, Columbia University and former Principal Deputy Coordinator for Sanctions Policy, Department of State, and former Director for Iran, National Security Staff; and
  • Daryl G. Kimballmoderator, Executive Director, Arms Control Association.

Please RSVP online. 

###

The Arms Control Association is an independent, membership-based organization dedicated to providing authoritative information and practical policy solutions to address the dangers posed by the world's most dangerous weapons. 

Country Resources:

Posted: December 31, 1969

The P5+1 and Iran Nuclear Talks Alert, June 23

A Critical Mass of Diplomatic Energy? Key players are meeting and gathering ahead for what may be a final, intense and continuous round of talks aimed at finalizing a comprehensive agreement. Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif flew to Luxemburg for talks with the German, French, and British diplomats and EU foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini on Monday. After meeting with Zarif, UK Foreign Secretary Philip Hammond said that negotiations will go “up to the wire” but the parties aim to get a “durable” comprehensive nuclear agreement by June 30. Zarif returned to Tehran after the...

The P5+1 and Iran Nuclear Talks Alert, June 19

Vienna For the Long Haul Iran’s deputy foreign ministers and nuclear negotiators Abbas Araqchi and Madjid Takht Ravanchi returned to Vienna to continue talks on a comprehensive deal on Wednesday, and are likely to remain through the June 30 deadline. Political directors from the P5+1 (China, France, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States) traveled to Vienna this week to continue negotiations on the final deal. Araqchi said the sides are making slow, but steady progress on the text. On Thursday, the Iranian team met with EU political director Helga Schmid and U.S...

The P5+1 and Iran Nuclear Talks Alert, June 16

Vienna and Back Again Political directors for Iran and the P5+1 (China, France, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States) met in Vienna on Friday to continue negotiations on the comprehensive nuclear deal. Iranian deputy foreign ministers and negotiators Abbas Araqchi and Madjid Takht Ravanchi flew back to Tehran after the meeting. They will likely return to Vienna on Wednesday. The following day, Iranian President Hassan Rouhani said in a national address that if the P5+1 is “committed to the current frameworks, respects Iran’s rights and national interest and stops asking...

Background and Key Resources: Iran Nuclear Negotiations

Description: 

 

Body: 

Top diplomats from the P5+1 (China, France, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States) and Iran are working to finalize a comprehensive, long-term nuclear deal to block Iran’s potential pathways to a nuclear weapon.  Negotiators have made significant progress toward a final deal since the November 2013 Joint Plan of Action was reached. On April 2 in Lausanne, Iran and the P5+1 agreed on key parameters for a final, comprehensive nuclear deal. Both sides aim to finalize a comprehensive deal by June 30, 2015.

Below are must-read resources to better understand the issues at state and the anticipated Iran deal. If you are a member of the media and would like to speak to one of our experts, contact Communications Director Timothy Farnsworth at 202-463-8270, ext 110 or email [email protected].

Analysis

“Iran Nuclear Policy Brief: An Effective, Verifiable Nuclear Deal with Iran,” Arms Control Association, Threat Assessment Brief, June 16, 2015.

Solving the Iranian Nuclear Puzzle: Toward a Realistic and Effective Comprehensive Nuclear Agreement,” Research Staff, Arms Control Association, Projects and Reports. June 1, 2014.

Iran Nuclear Brief: Iranian Missiles and the Comprehensive Nuclear Deal,” Arms Control Association, Threat Assessment Brief, May 7, 2014.

Iran Nuclear Brief: Iranian Missiles and the Comprehensive Nuclear Deal,” Arms Control Association, Threat Assessment Brief, May 7, 2014.

Under a Microscope: Monitoring and Verification in an Iran Deal,” Arms Control Association, Issue Brief, April 29, 2015.

The Lausanne Framework and a Final Nuclear Deal with Iran,” Arms Control Association, Issue Brief, April 14, 2015.

An Historic Nonproliferation Opportunity,” by Daryl Kimball, Arms Control Today, March 30, 2015.

Articles

The Verification Challenge: Iran and the IAEA,” by Thomas E. Shea, Arms Control Today, June 2015.

A Win-Win Solution for Iran's Arak Reactor,” by Ali Ahmad, Frank von Hippel, Alexander Glaser, and Zia Mian, Arms Control Today, April 2014.

Fact Sheets

Implementation of the Iran-IAEA Framework at a Glance,” Arms Control Association, Fact Sheet, June 2015.

Implementation of the Joint Plan of Action at a Glance,” Arms Control Association, Fact Sheet, February 2015.

UN Security Council Resolutions on Iran,” Arms Control Association, Fact Sheet, August 2015.

Timeline of Nuclear Diplomacy with Iran,” Arms Control Association, Fact Sheet, May 2015.

Country Resources:

Posted: December 31, 1969

Pages

Subscribe to RSS - Nuclear Nonproliferation