The estimated cost of sustaining and modernizing U.S. nuclear weapons over the next 10 years has
increased 23 percent.
Every U.S. president since John Kennedy has successfully concluded at least one agreement with Russia or the Soviet Union to reduce nuclear dangers. These agreements have helped to slash nuclear stockpiles, manage nuclear competition, and provide greater stability, thereby reducing the risk of nuclear catastrophe between the world’s two largest nuclear actors.
The Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board (DNFSB), in charge of overseeing the safety and security of U.S. nuclear weapons complex sites, is in the middle of a battle with the Department of Energy and Congress over its scope and size and its role as an independent oversight authority.
Termination of the INF Treaty allows Russia and the United States to deploy new ground-launched intermediate-range missiles, increasing the risk of a new destabilizing arms race. Congress must adopt legislation to prohibit funding for the procurement, flight-testing, or deployment of U.S. ground-launched or ballistic missiles until the Trump administration meets seven specific conditions. (February 2019)
History of the INF Treaty between the United States and Russia and details on potential violations by Russia
The Trump administration’s sudden decision and announcement Oct. 20 to “terminate” the 1987 Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty due to Russian violations of the treaty has been met with bipartisan and international concern. A collection of various reactions from international partners, members of Congress, and former national security policymakers is provided below and will be updated as further reactions arise.
The INF Treaty crisis is a global security problem. Nations will need to step forward with creative and pragmatic solutions that create the conditions necessary to ensure that the world’s two largest nuclear actors meet their legal obligations to end the arms race and reduce nuclear threats.
The difficulties of getting to “yes” on an agreement to extend New START, much less a subsequent strategic
nuclear arms control accord, should not be underestimated.
U.S. and Russia trade blame as they look to develop new weapons systems.