After years of talks, South Korea and the United States signed an agreement for peaceful nuclear cooperation.
As the administration reforms the oversight process for foreign weapons sales, critics see risks for human rights and law enforcement.
Rose E. Gottemoeller and Eric L. Hirschhorn say that the Obama administration’s planned export control reforms will help the U.S. government do a better job of safeguarding vital technologies and will not diminish its ability to prevent human rights abuses.
The Obama administration will not adopt a policy of insisting that countries renounce uranium enrichment and spent fuel reprocessing as a condition for concluding agreements for nuclear cooperation with the United States, two senior administration officials said in a Jan. 10 letter to Capitol Hill.
Members of the House Foreign Affairs Committee heard testimony May 12 on the Obama administration’s export control reform initiative, praising and criticizing different aspects of the process.
A House committee has approved a bill that would create new nonproliferation requirements for U.S. nuclear trade partners. A key goal of the bill is to discourage new uranium-enrichment and spent fuel reprocessing programs.
Key members of Congress from both parties last month expressed support for revising
At a Sept. 24 House Foreign Affairs Committee hearing, Chairman Howard Berman (D-Calif.) and Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R-Fla.), the ranking member, talked about changes they planned to make or were considering. Ros-Lehtinen said she intended to introduce legislation, although she did not indicate when.
The Senate last month provided its advice and consent to ratification of defense trade cooperation treaties with
The Senate’s Sept. 29 action, which was preceded by Senate and House approval of controversial legislation to implement the treaties, came a month after President Barack Obama and senior officials provided greater detail on their export control reform plans, including the results of efforts to apply their approach to an existing class of controlled items.
Tuesday, the Senate Foreign Relations Committee approved by voice vote a resolution for advice and consent for ratification of Defense Trade Cooperation Treaties with Australia and the United Kingdom as well as legislation to implement them. Experts at the nonpartisan Arms Control Association (ACA) recommended today that the full Senate indefinitely defer consideration of these treaties.
The Obama administration is shifting
The plan, announced April 20 in a speech to a Business Executives for National Security meeting in