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Mine Ban Treaty
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18 September 1997

Entered into force March 1, 1999

Preamble

The States Parties,

Determined to put an end to the suffering and casualties caused by anti-personnel
mines, that kill or maim hundreds of people every week, mostly innocent and
defenceless civilians and especially children, obstruct economic development and
reconstruction, inhibit the repatriation of refugees and internally displaced persons,
and have other severe consequences for years after emplacement,

Believing it necessary to do their utmost to contribute in an efficient and coordinated
manner to face the challenge of removing anti-personnel mines placed throughout the
world, and to assure their destruction,

Wishing to do their utmost in providing assistance for the care and rehabilitation,
including the social and economic reintegration of mine victims,

Recognizing that a total ban of anti-personnel mines would also be an important
confidence-building measure,

Welcoming the adoption of the Protocol on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of
Mines, Booby-Traps and Other Devices, as amended on 3 May 1996, annexed to
the Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional
Weapons Which May Be Deemed to Be Excessively Injurious or to Have
Indiscriminate Effects, and calling for the early ratification of this Protocol by all States
which have not yet done so,

Welcoming also United Nations General Assembly Resolution 51/45 S of
10 December 1996 urging all States to pursue vigorously an effective, legally-binding
international agreement to ban the use, stockpiling, production and transfer of
anti-personnel landmines,

Welcoming furthermore the measures taken over the past years, both unilaterally
and multilaterally, aiming at prohibiting, restricting or suspending the use, stockpiling,
production and transfer of anti-personnel mines,

Stressing the role of public conscience in furthering the principles of humanity as
evidenced by the call for a total ban of anti-personnel mines and recognizing the efforts
to that end undertaken by the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement,
the International Campaign to Ban Landmines and numerous other non-governmental
organizations around the world,

Recalling the Ottawa Declaration of 5 October 1996 and the Brussels Declaration of
27 June 1997 urging the international community to negotiate an international and legally
binding agreement prohibiting the use, stockpiling, production and transfer of
anti-personnel mines,

Emphasizing the desirability of attracting the adherence of all States to this Convention,
and determined to work strenuously towards the promotion of its universalization in
all relevant fora including, inter alia, the United Nations, the Conference on Disarmament,
regional organizations, and groupings, and review conferences of the Convention on
Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons Which May
Be Deemed to Be Excessively Injurious or to Have Indiscriminate Effects,

Basing themselves on the principle of international humanitarian law that the right of the
parties to an armed conflict to choose methods or means of warfare is not unlimited,
on the principle that prohibits the employment in armed conflicts of weapons, projectiles
and materials and methods of warfare of a nature to cause superfluous injury or
unnecessary suffering and on the principle that a distinction must be made between
civilians and combatants,

Have agreed as follows:

Article 1
General obligations

1. Each State Party undertakes never under any circumstances:
a) To use anti-personnel mines;

b) To develop, produce, otherwise acquire, stockpile, retain or transfer to anyone,
directly or indirectly, anti-personnel mines;

c) To assist, encourage or induce, in any way, anyone to engage in any activity prohibited
to a State Party under this Convention.

2. Each State Party undertakes to destroy or ensure the destruction of all anti-personnel
mines in accordance with the provisions of this Convention.


Article 2
Definitions

1. "Anti-personnel mine" means a mine designed to be exploded by the presence,
proximity or contact of a person and that will incapacitate, injure or kill one or more
persons. Mines designed to be detonated by the presence, proximity or contact of
a vehicle as opposed to a person, that are equipped with anti-handling devices, are not
considered anti-personnel mines as a result of being so equipped.

2. "Mine" means a munition designed to be placed under, on or near the ground or
other surface area and to be exploded by the presence, proximity or contact of a
person or a vehicle.

3. "Anti-handling device" means a device intended to protect a mine and which is part of,
linked to, attached to or placed under the mine and which activates when an attempt is
made to tamper with or otherwise intentionally disturb the mine.

4. "Transfer" involves, in addition to the physical movement of anti-personnel mines into
or from national territory, the transfer of title to and control over the mines, but does not
involve the transfer of territory containing emplaced anti-personnel mines.

5. "Mined area" means an area which is dangerous due to the presence or suspected
presence of mines.

Article 3
Exceptions

1. Notwithstanding the general obligations under Article 1, the retention or transfer
of a number of anti-personnel mines for the development of and training in mine
detection, mine clearance, or mine destruction techniques is permitted. The amount
of such mines shall not exceed the minimum number absolutely necessary for the
above-mentioned purposes.

2. The transfer of anti-personnel mines for the purpose of destruction is permitted.

Article 4
Destruction of stockpiled anti-personnel mines

Except as provided for in Article 3, each State Party undertakes to destroy or ensure
the destruction of all stockpiled anti-personnel mines it owns or possesses, or that are
under its jurisdiction or control, as soon as possible but not later than four ye ars after
the entry into force of this Convention for that State Party.

Article 5
Destruction of anti-personnel mines in mined areas

1. Each State Party undertakes to destroy or ensure the destruction of all anti-personnel
mines in mined areas under its jurisdiction or control, as soon as possible but not later
than ten years after the entry into force of this Convention for that State Party.

2. Each State Party shall make every effort to identify all areas under its jurisdiction or
control in which anti-personnel mines are known or suspected to be emplaced and
shall ensure as soon as possible that all anti-personnel mines in mined areas under its
jurisdiction or control are perimeter-marked, monitored and protected by fencing or
other means, to ensure the effective exclusion of civilians, until all anti-personnel mines
contained therein have been destroyed. The marking shall at least be to the standards
set out in the Protocol on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Mines,
Booby-Traps and Other Devices, as amended on 3 May 1996, annexed to the
Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional
Weapons Which May Be Deemed to Be Excessively Injurious or to Have
Indiscriminate Effects.

3. If a State Party believes that it will be unable to destroy or ensure the
destruction of all anti-personnel mines referred to in paragraph 1 within that
time period, it may submit a request to a Meeting of the States Parties or a
Review Conference for an extension of the deadline for completing the
destruction of such anti-personnel mines, for a period of up to ten years.

4. Each request shall contain:
a) The duration of the proposed extension;

b) A detailed explanation of the reasons for the proposed extension, including:

(i) The preparation and status of work conducted under national
demining programs;

(ii) The financial and technical means available to the State Party for
the destruction of all the anti-personnel mines; and

(iii) Circumstances which impede the ability of the State Party to
destroy all the anti-personnel mines in mined areas;

c) The humanitarian, social, economic, and environmental implications of
the extension; and

d) Any other information relevant to the request for the proposed extension.

5. The Meeting of the States Parties or the Review Conference shall, taking
into consideration the factors contained in paragraph 4, assess the request
and decide by a majority of votes of States Parties present and voting
whether to grant the request for an extension period.

6. Such an extension may be renewed upon the submission of a new
request in accordance with paragraphs 3, 4 and 5 of this Article. In
requesting a further extension period a State Party shall submit relevant
additional information on what has been undertaken in the previous
extension period pursuant to this Article.

Article 6
International cooperation and assistance

1. In fulfilling its obligations under this Convention each State Party has
the right to seek and receive assistance, where feasible, from other States
Parties to the extent possible.

2. Each State Party undertakes to facilitate and shall have the right to
participate in the fullest possible exchange of equipment, material and
scientific and technological information concerning the implementation
of this Convention. The States Parties shall not impose undue restrictions
on the provision of mine clearance equipment and related technological
information for humanitarian purposes.

3. Each State Party in a position to do so shall provide assistance for the
care and rehabilitation, and social and economic reintegration, of mine
victims and for mine awareness programs. Such assistance may be
provided, inter alia, through the United Nations system, international,
regional or national organizations or institutions, the International
Committee of the Red Cross, national Red Cross and Red Crescent
societies and their International Federation, non-governmental organizations,
or on a bilateral basis.

4. Each State Party in a position to do so shall provide assistance for mine
clearance and related activities. Such assistance may be provided, inter alia,
through the United Nations system, international or regional organizations or
institutions, non-governmental organizations or institutions, or on a bilateral
basis, or by contributing to the United Nations Voluntary Trust Fund for
Assistance in Mine Clearance, or other regional funds that deal with demining.

5. Each State Party in a position to do so shall provide assistance for the
destruction of stockpiled anti-personnel mines.

6. Each State Party undertakes to provide information to the database on
mine clearance established within the United Nations system, especially
information concerning various means and technologies of mine clearance,
and lists of experts, expert agencies or national points of contact on mine clearance.

7. States Parties may request the United Nations, regional organizations, other States
Parties or other competent intergovernmental or non-governmental fora to assist its
authorities in the elaboration of a national demining program to determine, inter alia:

a) The extent and scope of the anti-personnel mine problem;

b) The financial, technological and human resources that are required for the
implementation of the program;

c) The estimated number of years necessary to destroy all anti-personnel mines in
mined areas under the jurisdiction or control of the concerned State Party;

d) Mine awareness activities to reduce the incidence of mine-related injuries
or deaths;

e) Assistance to mine victims;

f) The relationship between the Government of the concerned State Party and the
relevant governmental, inter-governmental or non-governmental entities that will
work in the implementation of the program.

8. Each State Party giving and receiving assistance under the provisions of this
Article shall cooperate with a view to ensuring the full and prompt implementation
of agreed assistance programs.

Article 7
Transparency measures

1. Each State Party shall report to the Secretary-General of the United Nations
as soon as practicable, and in any event not later than 180 days after the entry
into force of this Convention for that State Party on:

a) The national implementation measures referred to in Article 9;

b) The total of all stockpiled anti-personnel mines owned or possessed by it,
or under its jurisdiction or control, to include a breakdown of the type, quantity
and, if possible, lot numbers of each type of anti-personnel mine stockpiled;

c) To the extent possible, the location of all mined areas that contain, or are
suspected to contain, anti-personnel mines under its jurisdiction or control, to
include as much detail as possible regarding the type and quantity of each type
of anti-personnel mine in each mined area and when they were emplaced;

d) The types, quantities and, if possible, lot numbers of all anti-personnel
mines retained or transferred for the development of and training in mine
detection, mine clearance or mine destruction techniques, or transferred for
the purpose of destruction, as well as the institutions authorized by a State Party
to retain or transfer anti-personnel mines, in accordance with Article 3;

e) The status of programs for the conversion or de-commissioning of
anti-personnel mine production facilities;

f) The status of programs for the destruction of anti-personnel mines
in accordance with Articles 4 and 5, including details of the methods which will
be used in destruction, the location of all destruction sites and the applicable
safety and environmental standards to be observed;

g) The types and quantities of all anti-personnel mines destroyed after the
entry into force of this Convention for that State Party, to include a breakdown
of the quantity of each type of anti-personnel mine destroyed, in accordance with
Articles 4 and 5 , respectively, along with, if possible, the lot numbers of each type
of anti-personnel mine in the case of destruction in accordance with Article 4;

h) The technical characteristics of each type of anti-personnel mine produced,
to the extent known, and those currently owned or possessed by a State Party,
giving, where reasonably possible, such categories of information as may facilitate
identification and clearance of anti-personnel mines; at a minimum, this information
shall include the dimensions, fusing, explosive content, metallic content, colour
photographs and other information which may facilitate mine clearance; and

i) The measures taken to provide an immediate and effective warning to
the population in relation to all areas identified under paragraph 2 of Article 5.

2. The information provided in accordance with this Article shall be updated by
the States Parties annually, covering the last calendar year, and reported to the
Secretary-General of the United Nations not later than 30 April of each year.

3. The Secretary-General of the United Nations shall transmit all
such reports received to the States  Parties.

Article 8
Facilitation and clarification of compliance

1. The States Parties agree to consult and cooperate with each other regarding
the implementation of the  provisions of this Convention, and to work together
in a spirit of cooperation to facilitate compliance by  States Parties with their
obligations under this Convention.

2. If one or more States Parties wish to clarify and seek to resolve questions
relating to compliance with  the provisions of this Convention by another State Party,
it may submit, through the Secretary-General of  the United Nations, a Request for
Clarification of that matter to that State Party. Such a request shall be
accompanied by all appropriate information. Each State Party shall refrain from
unfounded Requests for  Clarification, care being taken to avoid abuse. A State Party
that receives a Request fo r Clarification shall  provide, through the Secretary-General
of the United Nations, within 28 days to the requesting State Party  all information
which would assist in clarifying this matter.

3. If the requesting State Party does not receive a response through the
Secretary-General of the United  Nations within that time period, or deems
the response to the Request for Clarification to be unsatisfactory, it  may submit
the matter through the Secr etary-General of the United Nations to the next
Meeting of the  States Parties. The Secretary-General of the United Nations shall
transmit the submission, accompanied by  all appropriate information pertaining
to the Request for Clarification, to all States Parties. All such information  shall
be presented to the requested State Party which shall have the right to respond.

4. Pending the convening of any meeting of the States Parties, any of the
States Parties concerned may  request the Secretary-General of the United
Nations to exercise his or her good offices to facilitate the  clarification requested.

5. The requesting State Party may propose through the Secretary-General of the
United Nations the  convening of a Special Meeting of the States Parties to
consider the matter. The Secretary-General of the United Nations shall thereupon
communicate this proposal and all information submitted by the States Parties
concerned, to all States Parties with a request that they indicate whether they favour
a Special Meeting of  the States Parties, for the purpose of considering the matter.
In the event that within 14 days from the date  of such communication, at least one-third
of the States Parties favours such a Special Meeting, the  Secretary-General of the
United Nations shall convene this Special Meeting of the States Parties within a
further 14 days. A quorum for t his Meeting shall consist of a majority of States Parties.

6. The Meeting of the States Parties or the Special Meeting of the States Parties, as
the case may be,  shall first determine whether to consider the matter further, taking
into account all information submitted by the States Parties concerned. The Meeting
of the States Parties or the Special Meeting of the States Parties shall make every
effort to reach a decision by consensus. If despite all efforts to that end no
agreement has been reached, it shall take this decision by a majority of States
Parties present and voting.

7. All States Parties shall cooperate fully with the Meeting of the States Parties
or the Special Meeting of  the States Parties in the fulfilment of its review of the
matter, including any fact-finding missions that are  authorized in accordance
with paragraph 8.

8. If further clarification is required, the Meeting of the States Parties or the
Special Meeting of the States Parties shall authorize a fact-finding mission and
decide on its mandate by a majority of States Parties present  and voting. At
any time the re quested State Party may invite a fact-finding mission to its territory.
Such a mission shall take place without a decision by a Meeting of the States
Parties or a Special Meeting of  the States Parties to authorize such a mission.
The mission, consisting of up to 9 experts, designated and  approved in
accordance with paragraphs 9 and 10, may collect additional information on
the spot or in other places directly related to the alleged compliance issue under
the jurisdiction or control of the requested State Party.

9. The Secretary-General of the United Nations shall prepare and update a list
of the names, nationalities  and other relevant data of qualified experts provided
by States Parties and communicate it to all States Parties. Any expert included
on this list sh all be regarded as designated for all fact-finding missions unless a
State Party declares its non-acceptance in writing. In the event of non-acceptance,
the expert  shall not participate in fact-finding missions on the territory or any other
place under the jurisdiction or control of the objecting State Party, if the
non-acceptance was declared prior to the appointment of the expert to such missions.

10. Upon receiving a request from the Meeting of the States Parties or a Special
Meeting of the States Parties, the Secretary-General of the United Nations shall,
after consultations with the requested State Party, appoint the members of the
mission, including its leader. Nationals of States Parties requesting the fact-finding
mission or directly affected by it shall not be appointed to the mission. The
members of the fact-finding mission shall enjoy privileges and immunities under
Article VI of the Convent ion on the Privileges and Immunities of the United
Nations, adopted on 13 February 1946.

11. Upon at least 72 hours notice, the members of the fact-finding mission shall
arrive in the territory of the requested State Party at the earliest opportunity. The
requested State Party shall take the necessary administrative measures to receive,
transport and accommodate the mission, and shall be responsible for ensuring
the security of the mission to the maximum extent possible while they are on
territory under its control.

12. Without prejudice to the sovereignty of the requested State Party, the
fact-finding mission may bring into the territory of the requested State Party the
necessary equipment which shall be used exclusively for gathering information
on the alleged compliance issue. Prior to its arrival, the mission will advise
the requested State Party of the equipment that it intends to utilize in the course
of its fact-finding mission.

13. The requested State Party shall make all efforts to ensure that the
fact-finding mission is given the opportunity to speak with all relevant persons
who may be able to provide information related to the alleged compliance issue.

14. The requested State Party shall grant access for the fact-finding mission to
all areas and installations under its control where facts relevant to the compliance
issue could be expected to be collected. This shall be subject to any arrangements
that the requested State Party considers necessary for:

a) The protection of sensitive equipment, information and areas;

b) The protection of any constitutional obligations the requested State Party
may have with regard to proprietary rights, searches and seizures, or other
constitutional rights; or

c) The physical protection and safety of the members of the fact-finding
mission. In the event that the requested State Party makes such arrangements,
it shall make every reasonable effort to demonstrate through alternative means
its compliance with this Convention.

15. The fact-finding mission may remain in the territory of the State Party concerned
for no more than 14 days, and at any particular site no more than 7 days, unless
otherwise agreed.

16. All information provided in confidence and not related to the subject matter of
the fact-finding mission shall be treated on a confidential basis.

17. The fact-finding mission shall report, through the Secretary-General of the
United Nations, to the  Meeting of the States Parties or the Special Meeting of
the States Parties the results of its findings.

18. The Meeting of the States Parties or the Special Meeting of the States Parties shall
consider all relevant information, including the report submitted by the fact-finding mission,
and may request the requested State Party to take measures to address the compliance
issue within a specified period of time. The requested State Party shall report on all
measures taken in response to this request.

19. The Meeting of the States Parties or the Special Meeting of the States Parties may
suggest to the States Parties concerned ways and means to further clarify or resolve the
matter under consideration, including the initiation of appropriate procedures in conformity
with international law. In circumstances where the issue at hand is determined to be due
to circumstances beyond the control of the requested State Party, the Meeting of the States
Parties or the Special Meeting of the States Parties may recommend appropriate measures,
including the use of cooperative measures referred to in Article 6.

20. The Meeting of the States Parties or the Special Meeting of the States Parties shall
make every effort to reach its decisions referred to in paragraphs 18 and 19 by
consensus, otherwise by a two-thirds majority of States Parties present and voting.


Article 9
National implementation measures

Each State Party shall take all appropriate legal, administrative and other
measures, including the imposition of penal sanctions, to prevent and suppress any
activity prohibited to a State Party under this Convention undertaken by persons or
on territory under its jurisdiction or control.

Article 10
Settlement of disputes

1. The States Parties shall consult and cooperate with each other to settle any dispute
That may arise with regard to the application or the interpretation of this Convention.
Each State Party may bring any such dispute before the Meeting of the States Parties.

2. The Meeting of the States Parties may contribute to the settlement of the dispute
by whatever means it deems appropriate, including offering its good offices, calling
upon the States parties to a dispute to start the settlement procedure of their choice
and recommending a time-limit for any agreed procedure.

3. This Article is without prejudice to the provisions of this Convention on facilitation
and clarification of compliance.

Article 11
Meetings of the States Parties

1. The States Parties shall meet regularly in order to consider any matter with
regard to the application or implementation of this Convention, including:

a) The operation and status of this Convention;

b) Matters arising from the reports submitted under the provisions of this Convention;

c) International cooperation and assistance in accordance with Article 6;

d) The development of technologies to clear anti-personnel mines;

e) Submissions of States Parties under Article 8; and

f) Decisions relating to submissions of States Parties as provided for in Article 5.

2. The First Meeting of the States Parties shall be convened by the Secretary-General
of the United Nations within one year after the entry into force of this Convention. The
subsequent meetings shall be convened by the Secretary-General of the United Nations
annually until the first Review Conference.

3. Under the conditions set out in Article 8, the Secretary-General of the
United Nations shall convene a Special Meeting of the States Parties.

4. States not parties to this Convention, as well as the United Nations,
other relevant international organizations or institutions, regional organizations,
the International Committee of the Red Cross and relevant non-governmental
organizations may be inv ited to attend these meetings as observers in accordance
with the agreed Rules of Procedure.

Article 12
Review Conferences

1. A Review Conference shall be convened by the Secretary-General of the
United Nations five years  after the entry into force of this Convention. Further
Review Conferences shall be convened by the Secretary-General of the United
Nations if so requested by one or more States Parties, provided that the interval
between Review Conferences shall in no case be less than five years. All States
Parties to this Convention shall be invited to each Review Conference.

2. The purpose of the Review Conference shall be:

a) To review the operation and status of this Convention;

b) To consider the need for and the interval between further Meetings
of the States Parties referred to in  paragraph 2 of Article 11;

c) To take decisions on submissions of States Parties as provided for
in Article 5; and

d) To adopt, if necessary, in its final report conclusions related to the
implementation of this Convention.

3. States not parties to this Convention, as well as the United Nations, other
relevant international organizations or institutions, regional organizations, the
International Committee of the Red Cross and relevant non-governmental
organizations may be inv ited to attend each Review Conference as observers in
accordance with the agreed Rules of Procedure.

Article 13
Amendments

1. At any time after the entry into force of this Convention any State Party may
propose amendments to this Convention. Any proposal for an amendment shall
be communicated to the Depositary, who shall circulate it to all States Parties and
shall seek their views on whether an Amendment Conference should be
convened to consider the proposal. If a majority of the States Parties notify the
Depositary no later than 30 days after its circulation that they support further
consideration of the proposal, the Deposi tary shall convene an Amendment
Conference to which all States Parties shall be invited.

2. States not parties to this Convention, as well as the United Nations, other
relevant international organizations or institutions, regional organizations, the
International Committee of the Red Cross and relevant non-governmental
Organizations may be inv ited to attend each Amendment Conference as
observers in  accordance with the agreed Rules of Procedure.

3. The Amendment Conference shall be held immediately following a
Meeting of the States Parties or a Review Conference unless a majority of
the States Parties request that it be held earlier.

4. Any amendment to this Convention shall be adopted by a majority of
two-thirds of the States Parties present and voting at the Amendment Conference.
The Depositary shall communicate any amendment so adopted to the States Parties.

5. An amendment to this Convention shall enter into force for all States
Parties to this Convention which have accepted it, upon the deposit with the
Depositary of instruments of acceptance by a majority of States Parties.
Thereafter it shall enter into fo rce for any remaining State Party on the
date of deposit of its instrument of acceptance.

Article 14
Costs

1. The costs of the Meetings of the States Parties, the Special Meetings
of the States Parties, the Review Conferences and the Amendment Conferences
shall be borne by the States Parties and States not parties to this Convention
participating therein, in ac cordance with the United Nations scale of
assessment adjusted appropriately.

2. The costs incurred by the Secretary-General of the United Nations under
Articles 7 and 8 and the costs of any fact-finding mission shall be borne by
the States Parties in accordance with the United Nations scale of assessment
adjusted appropriately.

Article 15
Signature

This Convention, done at Oslo, Norway, on 18 September 1997,
shall be open for signature at Ottawa, Canada, by all States from 3 December
1997 until 4 December 1997, and at the United Nations Headquarters in
New York from 5 December 1997 until its entry in to force.

Article 16
Ratification, acceptance, approval or accession

1. This Convention is subject to ratification, acceptance or approval
of the Signatories.

2. It shall be open for accession by any State which has not signed
the Convention.

3. The instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession
shall be deposited with the Depositary.

Article 17
Entry into force

1. This Convention shall enter into force on the first day of the
sixth month after the month in which the 40th instrument of ratification,
acceptance, approval or accession has been deposited.

2. For any State which deposits its instrument of ratification, acceptance,
approval or accession after the date of the deposit of the 40th instrument
of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, this Convention shall
enter into force on the first day of the sixth month after the date on which
that State has deposited its instrument of ratification, acceptance,
approval or accession.

Article 18
Provisional application

Any State may at the time of its ratification, acceptance, approval or
accession, declare that it will apply provisionally paragraph 1 of Article 1
of this Convention pending its entry into force.

Article 19
Reservations

The Articles of this Convention shall not be subject to reservations.

Article 20
Duration and withdrawal

1. This Convention shall be of unlimited duration.

2. Each State Party shall, in exercising its national  sovereignty, have
the right to withdraw from this Convention. It shall give notice of such
withdrawal to all other States Parties, to the Depositary and to the United
Nations Security Council. Such inst rument of withdrawal shall include
a full explanation of the reasons motivating this withdrawal.

3. Such withdrawal shall only take effect six months after the receipt
of the instrument of withdrawal by the Depositary. If, however, on the
expiry of that six-month period, the withdrawing State Party is engaged in an
armed conflict, the withdrawal shal l not take effect before the end of the
armed conflict.

4. The withdrawal of a State Party from this Convention shall not in
any way affect the duty of States to continue fulfilling the obligations
assumed under any relevant rules of international law.



Article 21
Depositary

The Secretary-General of the United Nations is hereby
designated as the Depositary of this Convention.

Article 22
Authentic texts

The original of this Convention, of which the Arabic, Chinese, English,
French, Russian and Spanish texts are equally authentic, shall be
deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations.