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Convention on Cluster Munitions
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Convention on Cluster Munitions

Dublin, May 19 - 30, 2008

The States Parties to this Convention, 

Deeply concerned
that civilian populations and individual civilians continue to bear
the brunt of armed conflict, 

Determined to put an end for all time to the suffering and casualties caused by cluster
munitions at the time of their use, when they fail to function as intended or when they
are abandoned,

Concerned that cluster munition remnants kill or maim civilians, including women
and children, obstruct economic and social development, including through the loss of
livelihood, impede post-conflict rehabilitation and reconstruction, delay or prevent the
return of refugees and internally displaced persons, can negatively impact on national
and international peace-building and humanitarian assistance efforts, and have other
severe consequences that can persist for many years after use, 

Deeply concerned
also at the dangers presented by the large national stockpiles of
cluster munitions retained for operational use and determined to ensure their rapid
destruction, 

Believing it necessary to contribute effectively in an efficient, coordinated manner to
resolving the challenge of removing cluster munition remnants located throughout the
world, and to ensure their destruction, 

Determined also to ensure the full realisation of the rights of all cluster munition
victims and recognising their inherent dignity,

Resolved
to do their utmost in providing assistance to cluster munition victims,
including medical care, rehabilitation and psychological support, as well as providing
for their social and economic inclusion,

Recognising
the need to provide age- and gender-sensitive assistance to cluster
munition victims and to address the special needs of vulnerable groups,

Bearing in mind
the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities which,
inter alia, requires that States Parties to that Convention undertake to ensure and
promote the full realisation of all human rights and fundamental freedoms of all
persons with disabilities without discrimination of any kind on the basis of disability,

Mindful of the need to coordinate adequately efforts undertaken in various fora to
address the rights and needs of victims of various types of weapons, and resolved to
avoid discrimination among victims of various types of weapons,

Reaffirming
that in cases not covered by this Convention or by other international
agreements, civilians and combatants remain under the protection and authority of the
principles of international law, derived from established custom, from the principles
of humanity and from the dictates of public conscience,

Resolved also that armed groups distinct from the armed forces of a State shall not,
under any circumstances, be permitted to engage in any activity prohibited to a State
Party to this Convention,

Welcoming the very broad international support for the international norm prohibiting
anti-personnel mines, enshrined in the 1997 Convention on the Prohibition of the Use,
Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on Their
Destruction, 

Welcoming also the adoption of the Protocol on Explosive Remnants of War, annexed
to the Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional
Weapons Which May be Deemed to be Excessively Injurious or to Have
Indiscriminate Effects, and its entry into force on 12 November 2006, and wishing to
enhance the protection of civilians from the effects of cluster munition remnants in
post-conflict environments, 

Bearing in mind also United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 on women,
peace and security and United Nations Security Council Resolution 1612 on children
in armed conflict,

Welcoming
further the steps taken nationally, regionally and globally in recent years
aimed at prohibiting, restricting or suspending the use, stockpiling, production and
transfer of cluster munitions, 

Stressing the role of public conscience in furthering the principles of humanity as
evidenced by the global call for an end to civilian suffering caused by cluster
munitions and recognising the efforts to that end undertaken by the United Nations,
the International Committee of the Red Cross, the Cluster Munition Coalition and
numerous other non-governmental organisations around the world, 

Reaffirming
the Declaration of the Oslo Conference on Cluster Munitions, by which,
inter alia, States recognised the grave consequences caused by the use of cluster
munitions and committed themselves to conclude by 2008 a legally binding
instrument that would prohibit the use, production, transfer and stockpiling of cluster
munitions that cause unacceptable harm to civilians, and would establish a framework
for cooperation and assistance that ensures adequate provision of care and
rehabilitation for victims, clearance of contaminated areas, risk reduction education
and destruction of stockpiles,

Emphasising the desirability of attracting the adherence of all States to this
Convention, and determined to work strenuously towards the promotion of its
universalisation and its full implementation, 

Basing themselves on the principles and rules of international humanitarian law, in
particular the principle that the right of parties to an armed conflict to choose methods
or means of warfare is not unlimited, and the rules that the parties to a conflict shall at
all times distinguish between the civilian population and combatants and between
civilian objects and military objectives and accordingly direct their operations against
military objectives only, that in the conduct of military operations constant care shall
be taken to spare the civilian population, civilians and civilian objects and that the
civilian population and individual civilians enjoy general protection against dangers
arising from military operations,

HAVE AGREED
as follows:

Article 1
General obligations and scope of application

1.      Each State Party undertakes never under any circumstances to:
(a)     Use cluster munitions;
(b)     Develop, produce, otherwise acquire, stockpile, retain or transfer to
anyone, directly or indirectly, cluster munitions;
(c)     Assist, encourage or induce anyone to engage in any activity
prohibited to a State Party under this Convention.

2.      Paragraph 1 of this Article applies, mutatis mutandis, to explosive bomblets
that are specifically designed to be dispersed or released from dispensers affixed to
aircraft.

3.      This Convention does not apply to mines. 

Article 2

Definitions

For the purposes of this Convention: 

1.      “Cluster munition victims” means all persons who have been killed or
suffered physical or psychological injury, economic loss, social marginalisation or
substantial impairment of the realisation of their rights caused by the use of cluster
munitions. They include those persons directly impacted by cluster munitions as well
as their affected families and communities; 

2.      “Cluster munition” means a conventional munition that is designed to
disperse or release explosive submunitions each weighing less than 20 kilograms, and
includes those explosive submunitions.  It does not mean the following:
(a)     A munition or submunition designed to dispense flares, smoke,
pyrotechnics or chaff; or a munition designed exclusively for an air
defence role;

(b)     A munition or submunition designed to produce electrical or electronic
effects;
(c)     A munition that, in order to avoid indiscriminate area effects and the
risks posed by unexploded submunitions, has all of the following
characteristics:
(i)      Each munition contains fewer than ten explosive submunitions;
(ii)     Each explosive submunition weighs more than four kilograms;
(iii)    Each explosive submunition is designed to detect and engage a
single target object;
(iv)    Each explosive submunition is equipped with an electronic self-
destruction mechanism;
(v)     Each explosive submunition is equipped with an electronic self-
deactivating feature;

3.     “Explosive submunition” means a conventional munition that in order to
perform its task is dispersed or released by a cluster munition and is designed to
function by detonating an explosive charge prior to, on or after impact;

4.     “Failed cluster munition” means a cluster munition that has been fired,
dropped, launched, projected or otherwise delivered and which should have dispersed
or released its explosive submunitions but failed to do so; 

5.     “Unexploded submunition” means an explosive submunition that has been
dispersed or released by, or otherwise separated from, a cluster munition and has
failed to explode as intended;

6.     “Abandoned cluster munitions” means cluster munitions or explosive
submunitions that have not been used and that have been left behind or dumped, and
that are no longer under the control of the party that left them behind or dumped them. 
They may or may not have been prepared for use;

7.    “Cluster munition remnants” means failed cluster munitions, abandoned
cluster munitions, unexploded submunitions and unexploded bomblets; 

8.     “Transfer” involves, in addition to the physical movement of cluster
munitions into or from national territory, the transfer of title to and control over
cluster munitions, but does not involve the transfer of territory containing cluster
munition remnants;

9.     “Self-destruction mechanism” means an incorporated automatically-
functioning mechanism which is in addition to the primary initiating mechanism of
the munition and which secures the destruction of the munition into which it is
incorporated;

10.    “Self-deactivating” means automatically rendering a munition inoperable by
means of the irreversible exhaustion of a component, for example a battery, that is
essential to the operation of the munition;

11.     “Cluster munition contaminated area” means an area known or suspected
to contain cluster munition remnants;

12.     “Mine” means a munition designed to be placed under, on or near the ground
or other surface area and to be exploded by the presence, proximity or contact of a
person or a vehicle;

13.     “Explosive bomblet” means a conventional munition, weighing less than 20
kilograms, which is not self-propelled and which, in order to perform its task, is
dispersed or released by a dispenser, and is designed to function by detonating an
explosive charge prior to, on or after impact;

14.     “Dispenser” means a container that is designed to disperse or release
explosive bomblets and which is affixed to an aircraft at the time of dispersal or
release; 

15.     “Unexploded bomblet” means an explosive bomblet that has been dispersed,
released or otherwise separated from a dispenser and has failed to explode as
intended.

Article 3
Storage and stockpile destruction

1.      Each State Party shall, in accordance with national regulations, separate all
cluster munitions under its jurisdiction and control from munitions retained for
operational use and mark them for the purpose of destruction.

2.      Each State Party undertakes to destroy or ensure the destruction of all cluster
munitions referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article as soon as possible but not later
than eight years after the entry into force of this Convention for that State Party. Each
State Party undertakes to ensure that destruction methods comply with applicable
international standards for protecting public health and the environment.

3.      If a State Party believes that it will be unable to destroy or ensure the
destruction of all cluster munitions referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article within
eight years of entry into force of this Convention for that State Party it may submit a
request to a Meeting of States Parties or a Review Conference for an extension of the
deadline for completing the destruction of such cluster munitions by a period of up to
four years. A State Party may, in exceptional circumstances, request additional
extensions of up to four years. The requested extensions shall not exceed the number
of years strictly necessary for that State Party to complete its obligations under
paragraph 2 of this Article.

4.      Each request for an extension shall set out:
(a)     The duration of the proposed extension; 
(b)     A detailed explanation of the proposed extension, including the
financial and technical means available to or required by the State
Party for the destruction of all cluster munitions referred to in
paragraph 1 of this Article and, where applicable, the exceptional
circumstances justifying it;
(c)     A plan for how and when stockpile destruction will be completed;

(d)     The quantity and type of cluster munitions and explosive submunitions
held at the entry into force of this Convention for that State Party and
any additional cluster munitions or explosive submunitions discovered
after such entry into force; 
(e)    The quantity and type of cluster munitions and explosive submunitions
destroyed during the period referred to in paragraph 2 of this Article;
and
(f)     The quantity and type of cluster munitions and explosive submunitions
remaining to be destroyed during the proposed extension and the
annual destruction rate expected to be achieved. 

5.       The Meeting of States Parties or the Review Conference shall, taking into
consideration the factors referred to in paragraph 4 of this Article, assess the request
and decide by a majority of votes of States Parties present and voting whether to grant
the request for an extension. The States Parties may decide to grant a shorter
extension than that requested and may propose benchmarks for the extension, as
appropriate.  A request for an extension shall be submitted a minimum of nine months
prior to the Meeting of States Parties or the Review Conference at which it is to be
considered.  

6.        Notwithstanding the provisions of Article 1 of this Convention, the retention
or acquisition of a limited number of cluster munitions and explosive submunitions
for the development of and training in cluster munition and explosive submunition
detection, clearance or destruction techniques, or for the development of cluster
munition counter-measures, is permitted. The amount of explosive submunitions
retained or acquired shall not exceed the minimum number absolutely necessary for
these purposes. 

7.        Notwithstanding the provisions of Article 1 of this Convention, the transfer of
cluster munitions to another State Party for the purpose of destruction, as well as for
the purposes described in paragraph 6 of this Article, is permitted.

8.        States Parties retaining, acquiring or transferring cluster munitions or
explosive submunitions for the purposes described in paragraphs 6 and 7 of this
Article shall submit a detailed report on the planned and actual use of these cluster
munitions and explosive submunitions and their type, quantity and lot numbers. If
cluster munitions or explosive submunitions are transferred to another State Party for
these purposes, the report shall include reference to the receiving party. Such a report
shall be prepared for each year during which a State Party retained, acquired or
transferred cluster munitions or explosive submunitions and shall be submitted to the
Secretary-General of the United Nations no later than 30 April of the following year. 

Article 4
Clearance and destruction of cluster munition remnants and risk reduction education

1.       Each State Party undertakes to clear and destroy, or ensure the clearance and
destruction of, cluster munition remnants located in cluster munition contaminated
areas under its jurisdiction or control, as follows:
(a)     Where cluster munition remnants are located in areas under its
jurisdiction or control at the date of entry into force of this Convention  for that State Party

such clearance and destruction shall be completed
as soon as possible but not later than ten years from that date;
(b)     Where, after entry into force of this Convention for that State Party,
cluster munitions have become cluster munition remnants located in
areas under its jurisdiction or control, such clearance and destruction
must be completed as soon as possible but not later than ten years after
the end of the active hostilities during which such cluster munitions
became cluster munition remnants; and
(c)     Upon fulfilling either of its obligations set out in sub-paragraphs (a)
and (b) of this paragraph, that State Party shall make a declaration of
compliance to the next Meeting of States Parties. 

2.       In fulfilling its obligations under paragraph 1 of this Article, each State Party
shall take the following measures as soon as possible, taking into consideration the
provisions of Article 6 of this Convention regarding international cooperation and
assistance:
(a)     Survey, assess and record the threat posed by cluster munition
remnants, making every effort to identify all cluster munition
contaminated areas under its jurisdiction or control;
(b)     Assess and prioritise needs in terms of marking, protection of civilians, 
clearance and destruction, and take steps to mobilise resources and
develop a national plan to carry out these activities, building, where
appropriate, upon existing structures, experiences and methodologies; 
(c)     Take all feasible steps to ensure that all cluster munition contaminated
areas under its jurisdiction or control are perimeter-marked, monitored
and protected by fencing or other means to ensure the effective
exclusion of civilians. Warning signs based on methods of marking
readily recognisable by the affected community should be utilised in
the marking of suspected hazardous areas. Signs and other hazardous
area boundary markers should, as far as possible, be visible, legible,
durable and resistant to environmental effects and should clearly
identify which side of the marked boundary is considered to be within
the cluster munition contaminated areas and which side is considered
to be safe; 
(d)     Clear and destroy all cluster munition remnants located in areas under
its jurisdiction or control; and
(e)     Conduct risk reduction education to ensure awareness among civilians
living in or around cluster munition contaminated areas of the risks
posed by such remnants.   

3.       In conducting the activities referred to in paragraph 2 of this Article, each
State Party shall take into account international standards, including the International
Mine Action Standards (IMAS). 

4.       This paragraph shall apply in cases in which cluster munitions have been used
or abandoned by one State Party prior to entry into force of this Convention for that
State Party and have become cluster munition remnants that are located in areas under
the jurisdiction or control of another State Party at the time of entry into force of this
Convention for the latter.

(a)     In such cases, upon entry into force of this Convention for both States
Parties, the former State Party is strongly encouraged to provide, inter
alia, technical, financial, material or human resources assistance to the
latter State Party, either bilaterally or through a mutually agreed third
party, including through the United Nations system or other relevant
organisations, to facilitate the marking, clearance and destruction of
such cluster munition remnants.  
(b)     Such assistance shall include, where available, information on types
and quantities of the cluster munitions used, precise locations of cluster
munition strikes and areas in which cluster munition remnants are
known to be located.

5.       If a State Party believes that it will be unable to clear and destroy or ensure the
clearance and destruction of all cluster munition remnants referred to in paragraph 1
of this Article within ten years of the entry into force of this Convention for that State
Party, it may submit a request to a Meeting of States Parties or a Review Conference
for an extension of the deadline for completing the clearance and destruction of such
cluster munition remnants by a period of up to five years. The requested extension
shall not exceed the number of years strictly necessary for that State Party to complete
its obligations under paragraph 1 of this Article. 

6.       A request for an extension shall be submitted to a Meeting of States Parties or
a Review Conference prior to the expiry of the time period referred to in paragraph 1
of this Article for that State Party. Each request shall be submitted a minimum of nine
months prior to the Meeting of States Parties or Review Conference at which it is to
be considered. Each request shall set out:
(a)     The duration of the proposed extension; 
(b)     A detailed explanation of the reasons for the proposed extension,
including the financial and technical means available to and required
by the State Party for the clearance and destruction of all cluster
munition remnants during the proposed extension;
(c)     The preparation of future work and the status of work already
conducted under national clearance and demining programmes during
the initial ten year period referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article and
any subsequent extensions;
(d)     The total area containing cluster munition remnants at the time of entry
into force of this Convention for that State Party and any additional
areas containing cluster munition remnants discovered after such entry
into force;
(e)     The total area containing cluster munition remnants cleared since entry
into force of this Convention;
(f)      The total area containing cluster munition remnants remaining to be
cleared during the proposed extension;
(g)     The circumstances that have impeded the ability of the State Party to
destroy all cluster munition remnants located in areas under its
jurisdiction or control during the initial ten year period referred to in
paragraph 1 of this Article, and those that may impede this ability
during the proposed extension;
(h)     The humanitarian, social, economic and environmental implications of
the proposed extension; and

(i)     Any other information relevant to the request for the proposed
extension.

7.       The Meeting of States Parties or the Review Conference shall, taking into
consideration the factors referred to in paragraph 6 of this Article, including, inter
alia, the quantities of cluster munition remnants reported, assess the request and
decide by a majority of votes of States Parties present and voting whether to grant the
request for an extension. The States Parties may decide to grant a shorter extension
than that requested and may propose benchmarks for the extension, as appropriate.

8.       Such an extension may be renewed by a period of up to five years upon the
submission of a new request, in accordance with paragraphs 5, 6 and 7 of this Article. 
In requesting a further extension a State Party shall submit relevant additional
information on what has been undertaken during the previous extension granted
pursuant to this Article.

Article 5
Victim assistance

1.      Each State Party with respect to cluster munition victims in areas under its
jurisdiction or control shall, in accordance with applicable international humanitarian
and human rights law, adequately provide age- and gender-sensitive assistance,
including medical care, rehabilitation and psychological support, as well as provide
for their social and economic inclusion. Each State Party shall make every effort to
collect reliable relevant data with respect to cluster munition victims. 

2.      In fulfilling its obligations under paragraph 1 of this Article each State Party
shall: 
(a)     Assess the needs of cluster munition victims;
(b)     Develop, implement and enforce any necessary national laws and
policies;
(c)     Develop a national plan and budget, including timeframes to carry out
these activities, with a view to incorporating them within the existing
national disability, development and human rights frameworks and
mechanisms, while respecting the specific role and contribution of
relevant actors;
(d)     Take steps to mobilise national and international resources;
(e)     Not discriminate against or among cluster munition victims, or
between cluster munition victims and those who have suffered injuries
or disabilities from other causes; differences in treatment should be
based only on medical, rehabilitative, psychological or socio-economic
needs;
(f)      Closely consult with and actively involve cluster munition victims and
their representative organisations; 
(g)     Designate a focal point within the government for coordination of
matters relating to the implementation of this Article; and
(h)     Strive to incorporate relevant guidelines and good practices including
in the areas of medical care, rehabilitation and psychological support,
as well as social and economic inclusion.

Article 6
International cooperation and assistance

1.       In fulfilling its obligations under this Convention each State Party has the right
to seek and receive assistance.

2.       Each State Party in a position to do so shall provide technical, material and
financial assistance to States Parties affected by cluster munitions, aimed at the
implementation of the obligations of this Convention. Such assistance may be
provided, inter alia, through the United Nations system, international, regional or
national organisations or institutions, non-governmental organisations or institutions,
or on a bilateral basis. 

3.       Each State Party undertakes to facilitate and shall have the right to participate
in the fullest possible exchange of equipment and scientific and technological
information concerning the implementation of this Convention. The States Parties
shall not impose undue restrictions on the provision and receipt of clearance and other
such equipment and related technological information for humanitarian purposes. 

4.       In addition to any obligations it may have pursuant to paragraph 4 of Article 4
of this Convention, each State Party in a position to do so shall provide assistance for
clearance and destruction of cluster munition remnants and information concerning
various means and technologies related to clearance of cluster munitions, as well as
lists of experts, expert agencies or national points of contact on clearance and
destruction of cluster munition remnants and related activities. 

5.       Each State Party in a position to do so shall provide assistance for the
destruction of stockpiled cluster munitions, and shall also provide assistance to
identify, assess and prioritise needs and practical measures in terms of marking, risk
reduction education, protection of civilians and clearance and destruction as provided
in Article 4 of this Convention.

6.       Where, after entry into force of this Convention, cluster munitions have
become cluster munition remnants located in areas under the jurisdiction or control of
a State Party, each State Party in a position to do so shall urgently provide emergency
assistance to the affected State Party. 

7.       Each State Party in a position to do so shall provide assistance for the
implementation of the obligations referred to in Article 5 of this Convention to
adequately provide age- and gender-sensitive assistance, including medical care,
rehabilitation and psychological support, as well as provide for social and economic
inclusion of cluster munition victims. Such assistance may be provided, inter alia,
through the United Nations system, international, regional or national organisations or
institutions, the International Committee of the Red Cross, national Red Cross and
Red Crescent Societies and their International Federation, non-governmental
organisations or on a bilateral basis.

8.       Each State Party in a position to do so shall provide assistance to contribute to
the economic and social recovery needed as a result of cluster munition use in
affected States Parties.

9.       Each State Party in a position to do so may contribute to relevant trust funds in
order to facilitate the provision of assistance under this Article.

10.      Each State Party that seeks and receives assistance shall take all appropriate
measures in order to facilitate the timely and effective implementation of this
Convention, including facilitation of the entry and exit of personnel, materiel and
equipment, in a manner consistent with national laws and regulations, taking into
consideration international best practices.

11.       Each State Party may, with the purpose of developing a national action plan,
request the United Nations system, regional organisations, other States Parties or
other competent intergovernmental or non-governmental institutions to assist its
authorities to determine, inter alia:
(a)     The nature and extent of cluster munition remnants located in areas
under its jurisdiction or control;
(b)     The financial, technological and human resources required for the
implementation of the plan;
(c)     The time estimated as necessary to clear and destroy all cluster
munition remnants located in areas under its jurisdiction or control;
(d)     Risk reduction education programmes and awareness activities to
reduce the incidence of injuries or deaths caused by cluster munition
remnants;
(e)     Assistance to cluster munition victims; and
(f)     The coordination relationship between the government of the State
Party concerned and the relevant governmental, intergovernmental or
non-governmental entities that will work in the implementation of the
plan.

12.       States Parties giving and receiving assistance under the provisions of this
Article shall cooperate with a view to ensuring the full and prompt implementation of
agreed assistance programmes. 

Article 7
Transparency measures

1.       Each State Party shall report to the Secretary-General of the United Nations as
soon as practicable, and in any event not later than 180 days after the entry into force
of this Convention for that State Party, on: 
(a)     The national implementation measures referred to in Article 9 of this
Convention;
(b)     The total of all cluster munitions, including explosive submunitions, 
referred to in paragraph 1 of Article 3 of this Convention, to include a
breakdown of their type, quantity and, if possible, lot numbers of each
type; 
(c)     The technical characteristics of each type of cluster munition produced
by that State Party prior to entry into force of this Convention for it, to
the extent known, and those currently owned or possessed by it, giving,
where reasonably possible, such categories of information as may
facilitate identification and clearance of cluster munitions; at a minimum, this information

shall include the dimensions, fusing,
explosive content, metallic content, colour photographs and other
information that may facilitate the clearance of cluster munition
remnants;
(d)     The status and progress of programmes for the conversion or
decommissioning of production facilities for cluster munitions;
(e)     The status and progress of programmes for the destruction, in
accordance with Article 3 of this Convention, of cluster munitions,
including explosive submunitions, with details of the methods that will
be used in destruction, the location of all destruction sites and the
applicable safety and environmental standards to be observed;
(f)     The types and quantities of cluster munitions, including explosive
submunitions, destroyed in accordance with Article 3 of this
Convention, including details of the methods of destruction used, the
location of the destruction sites and the applicable safety and
environmental standards observed;

(g)     Stockpiles of cluster munitions, including explosive submunitions,
discovered after reported completion of the programme referred to in
sub-paragraph (e) of this paragraph, and plans for their destruction in
accordance with Article 3 of this Convention;
(h)     To the extent possible, the size and location of all cluster munition
contaminated areas under its jurisdiction or control, to include as much
detail as possible regarding the type and quantity of each type of
cluster munition remnant in each such area and when they were used;
(i)     The status and progress of programmes for the clearance and
destruction of all types and quantities of cluster munition remnants
cleared and destroyed in accordance with Article 4 of this Convention,
to include the size and location of the cluster munition contaminated
area cleared and a breakdown of the quantity of each type of cluster
munition remnant cleared and destroyed;
(j)     The measures taken to provide risk reduction education and, in
particular, an immediate and effective warning to civilians living in
cluster munition contaminated areas under its jurisdiction or control;  
(k)     The status and progress of implementation of its obligations under
Article 5 of this Convention to adequately provide age- and gender-
sensitive assistance, including medical care, rehabilitation and
psychological support, as well as provide for social and economic
inclusion of cluster munition victims and to collect reliable relevant
data with respect to cluster munition victims; 
(l)     The name and contact details of the institutions mandated to provide
information and to carry out the measures described in this paragraph;
(m)     The amount of national resources, including financial, material or in
kind, allocated to the implementation of Articles 3, 4 and 5 of this
Convention; and
(n)     The amounts, types and destinations of international cooperation and
assistance provided under Article 6 of this Convention.

2.       The information provided in accordance with paragraph 1 of this Article shall
be updated by the States Parties annually, covering the previous calendar year, and reported to the Secretary-General of the United Nations not later than 30 April of each
year.

3.       The Secretary-General of the United Nations shall transmit all such reports
received to the States Parties. 

Article 8

Facilitation and clarification of compliance

1.       The States Parties agree to consult and cooperate with each other regarding the
implementation of the provisions of this Convention and to work together in a spirit of
cooperation to facilitate compliance by States Parties with their obligations under this
Convention. 

2.      If one or more States Parties wish to clarify and seek to resolve questions
relating to a matter of compliance with the provisions of this Convention by another
State Party, it may submit, through the Secretary-General of the United Nations, a
Request for Clarification of that matter to that State Party. Such a request shall be
accompanied by all appropriate information. Each State Party shall refrain from
unfounded Requests for Clarification, care being taken to avoid abuse. A State Party
that receives a Request for Clarification shall provide, through the Secretary-General
of the United Nations, within 28 days to the requesting State Party all information that
would assist in clarifying the matter. 

3.      If the requesting State Party does not receive a response through the Secretary-
General of the United Nations within that time period, or deems the response to the
Request for Clarification to be unsatisfactory, it may submit the matter through the
Secretary-General of the United Nations to the next Meeting of States Parties. The
Secretary-General of the United Nations shall transmit the submission, accompanied
by all appropriate information pertaining to the Request for Clarification, to all States
Parties. All such information shall be presented to the requested State Party which
shall have the right to respond. 

4.      Pending the convening of any Meeting of States Parties, any of the States
Parties concerned may request the Secretary-General of the United Nations to
exercise his or her good offices to facilitate the clarification requested. 

5.      Where a matter has been submitted to it pursuant to paragraph 3 of this
Article, the Meeting of States Parties shall first determine whether to consider that
matter further, taking into account all information submitted by the States Parties
concerned. If it does so determine, the Meeting of States Parties may suggest to the
States Parties concerned ways and means further to clarify or resolve the matter under
consideration, including the initiation of appropriate procedures in conformity with
international law. In circumstances where the issue at hand is determined to be due to
circumstances beyond the control of the requested State Party, the Meeting of States
Parties may recommend appropriate measures, including the use of cooperative
measures referred to in Article 6 of this Convention.

6.      In addition to the procedures provided for in paragraphs 2 to 5 of this Article,
the Meeting of States Parties may decide to adopt such other general procedures or

specific mechanisms for clarification of compliance, including facts, and resolution of
instances of non-compliance with the provisions of this Convention as it deems
appropriate. 

Article 9
National implementation measures

Each State Party shall take all appropriate legal, administrative and other measures to
implement this Convention, including the imposition of penal sanctions to prevent and
suppress any activity prohibited to a State Party under this Convention undertaken by
persons or on territory under its jurisdiction or control.

Article 10
Settlement of disputes

1.      When a dispute arises between two or more States Parties relating to the
interpretation or application of this Convention, the States Parties concerned shall
consult together with a view to the expeditious settlement of the dispute by
negotiation or by other peaceful means of their choice, including recourse to the
Meeting of States Parties and referral to the International Court of Justice in
conformity with the Statute of the Court.

2.       The Meeting of States Parties may contribute to the settlement of the dispute
by whatever means it deems appropriate, including offering its good offices, calling
upon the States Parties concerned to start the settlement procedure of their choice and
recommending a time-limit for any agreed procedure.

Article 11
Meetings of States Parties

1.       The States Parties shall meet regularly in order to consider and, where
necessary, take decisions in respect of any matter with regard to the application or
implementation of this Convention, including:
(a)     The operation and status of this Convention;
(b)     Matters arising from the reports submitted under the provisions of this
Convention; 
(c)     International cooperation and assistance in accordance with Article 6
of this Convention;
(d)     The development of technologies to clear cluster munition remnants;
(e)     Submissions of States Parties under Articles 8 and 10 of this
Convention; and
(f)     Submissions of States Parties as provided for in Articles 3 and 4 of this
Convention.

2.      The first Meeting of States Parties shall be convened by the Secretary-General
of the United Nations within one year of entry into force of this Convention. The
subsequent meetings shall be convened by the Secretary-General of the United
Nations annually until the first Review Conference.

3.       States not party to this Convention, as well as the United Nations, other
relevant international organisations or institutions, regional organisations, the
International Committee of the Red Cross, the International Federation of Red Cross
and Red Crescent Societies and relevant non-governmental organisations may be
invited to attend these meetings as observers in accordance with the agreed rules of
procedure. 

Article 12
Review Conferences

1.       A Review Conference shall be convened by the Secretary-General of the
United Nations five years after the entry into force of this Convention. Further
Review Conferences shall be convened by the Secretary-General of the United
Nations if so requested by one or more States Parties, provided that the interval
between Review Conferences shall in no case be less than five years. All States
Parties to this Convention shall be invited to each Review Conference.

2.      The purpose of the Review Conference shall be:
(a)     To review the operation and status of this Convention;
(b)     To consider the need for and the interval between further Meetings of 
States Parties referred to in paragraph 2 of Article 11 of this
Convention; and
(c)     To take decisions on submissions of States Parties as provided for in
Articles 3 and 4 of this Convention.

3.       States not party to this Convention, as well as the United Nations, other
relevant international organisations or institutions, regional organisations, the
International Committee of the Red Cross, the International Federation of Red Cross
and Red Crescent Societies and relevant non-governmental organisations may be
invited to attend each Review Conference as observers in accordance with the agreed
rules of procedure.

Article 13
Amendments

1.       At any time after its entry into force any State Party may propose amendments
to this Convention. Any proposal for an amendment shall be communicated to the
Secretary-General of the United Nations, who shall circulate it to all States Parties and
shall seek their views on whether an Amendment Conference should be convened to
consider the proposal. If a majority of the States Parties notify the Secretary-General
of the United Nations no later than 90 days after its circulation that they support
further consideration of the proposal, the Secretary-General of the United Nations
shall convene an Amendment Conference to which all States Parties shall be invited.

2.      States not party to this Convention, as well as the United Nations, other
relevant international organisations or institutions, regional organisations, the
International Committee of the Red Cross, the International Federation of Red Cross
and Red Crescent Societies and relevant non-governmental organisations may be
invited to attend each Amendment Conference as observers in accordance with the
agreed rules of procedure.

3.       The Amendment Conference shall be held immediately following a Meeting
of States Parties or a Review Conference unless a majority of the States Parties
request that it be held earlier.

4.      Any amendment to this Convention shall be adopted by a majority of two-
thirds of the States Parties present and voting at the Amendment Conference. The
Depositary shall communicate any amendment so adopted to all States.

5.      An amendment to this Convention shall enter into force for States Parties that
have accepted the amendment on the date of deposit of acceptances by a majority of
the States which were Parties at the date of adoption of the amendment. Thereafter it
shall enter into force for any remaining State Party on the date of deposit of its
instrument of acceptance. 

Article 14
Costs and administrative tasks

1.       The costs of the Meetings of States Parties, the Review Conferences and the
Amendment Conferences shall be borne by the States Parties and States not party to
this Convention participating therein, in accordance with the United Nations scale of
assessment adjusted appropriately.

2.      The costs incurred by the Secretary-General of the United Nations under
Articles 7 and 8 of this Convention shall be borne by the States Parties in accordance
with the United Nations scale of assessment adjusted appropriately.

3.      The performance by the Secretary-General of the United Nations of
administrative tasks assigned to him or her under this Convention is subject to an
appropriate United Nations mandate. 

Article 15
Signature

This Convention, done at Dublin on 30 May 2008, shall be open for signature at Oslo
by all States on 3 December 2008 and thereafter at United Nations Headquarters in
New York until its entry into force.

Article 16
Ratification, acceptance, approval or accession

1.       This Convention is subject to ratification, acceptance or approval by the
Signatories.

2.       It shall be open for accession by any State that has not signed the Convention.

3.       The instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession shall be
deposited with the Depositary.

Article 17
Entry into force

1.      This Convention shall enter into force on the first day of the sixth month after
the month in which the thirtieth instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or
accession has been deposited.

2.       For any State that deposits its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval
or accession after the date of the deposit of the thirtieth instrument of ratification,
acceptance, approval or accession, this Convention shall enter into force on the first
day of the sixth month after the date on which that State has deposited its instrument
of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession.

Article 18

Provisional application

Any State may, at the time of its ratification, acceptance, approval or accession,
declare that it will apply provisionally Article 1 of this Convention pending its entry
into force for that State. 

Article 19
Reservations

The Articles of this Convention shall not be subject to reservations. 

Article 20
Duration and withdrawal

1.       This Convention shall be of unlimited duration.

2.       Each State Party shall, in exercising its national sovereignty, have the right to
withdraw from this Convention. It shall give notice of such withdrawal to all other
States Parties, to the Depositary and to the United Nations Security Council. Such
instrument of withdrawal shall include a full explanation of the reasons motivating
withdrawal.

3.      Such withdrawal shall only take effect six months after the receipt of the
instrument of withdrawal by the Depositary. If, however, on the expiry of that six-
month period, the withdrawing State Party is engaged in an armed conflict, the
withdrawal shall not take effect before the end of the armed conflict.

Article 21

Relations with States not party to this Convention

1.      Each State Party shall encourage States not party to this Convention to ratify,
accept, approve or accede to this Convention, with the goal of attracting the adherence
of all States to this Convention.

2.      Each State Party shall notify the governments of all States not party to this
Convention, referred to in paragraph 3 of this Article, of its obligations under this Convention, shall promote the norms it establishes and shall make its best efforts to
discourage States not party to this Convention from using cluster munitions. 

3.      Notwithstanding the provisions of Article 1 of this Convention and in
accordance with international law, States Parties, their military personnel or nationals,
may engage in military cooperation and operations with States not party to this
Convention that might engage in activities prohibited to a State Party. 

4.      Nothing in paragraph 3 of this Article shall authorise a State Party: 
(a)     To develop, produce or otherwise acquire cluster munitions;
(b)     To itself stockpile or transfer cluster munitions;
(c)     To itself use cluster munitions; or
(d)     To expressly request the use of cluster munitions in cases where the
choice of munitions used is within its exclusive control. 

Article 22
Depositary

The Secretary-General of the United Nations is hereby designated as the Depositary
of this Convention.

Article 23
Authentic texts

The Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish texts of this Convention
shall be equally authentic.