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The Ottawa Convention: Signatories and States-Parties

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Press Contact: Daryl Kimball, Deputy Director, (202) 463-8270 x107

Updated: March 2013

The Ottawa Convention, also referred to as the "Mine Ban Treaty," prohibits the use, stockpiling, production, and transfer of anti-personnel landmines (APLs). It requires states-parties to destroy their stockpiled APLs within four years and eliminate all APL holdings, including mines currently planted in the soil, within 10 years. Countries may request a renewable extension, which can be up to 10 years long, to fulfill their destruction obligations. States-parties are also required annually to report to the UN secretary-general their total APL stockpiles, the technical characteristics of their APLs, the location of all mined areas, and the status of APL destruction programs.

The convention, which is of unlimited duration and open to all nations, entered into force March 1, 1999. As of March 2013, 160 countries had ratified or acceded to the treaty, and one country, the Marshall Islands, has signed the accord but not ratified it. States-parties overwhelmingly come from Europe, Africa, and Latin America and the Caribbean. Almost no countries in the Near East and only about half of the countries in the Asia-Pacific region have signed the treaty.

Some key current and past producers and users of landmines, including the United States, China, India, Pakistan, and Russia, have not signed the treaty. The George W. Bush administration announced Feb. 27, 2004 that the United States would not join the Ottawa Convention. The United States is party to the 1996 amended mines protocol of the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons, which restricts but does not ban APL use.  The Obama administration has stated that its current landmine policy is under review and plans to clarify its position on the Ottawa treaty in the future.

A precise accounting of the number of landmines planted globally is not possible. The International Campaign to Ban Landmines, a coalition of more than 1,400 non-government organizations working on landmine issues, has estimated that 59 countries have landmines on their territories. The coalition also has recently estimated that as many as 100 million APLs may be stockpiled around the globe, of which roughly 14 million are stockpiled by Ottawa Convention states-parties and signatories.

The following is a complete list of all Ottawa Convention signatories and states-parties:

Country
Signature
Deposit
Afghanistan 9/11/02
Albania 9/8/98 2/29/00
Algeria 12/3/97 10/9/01
Andorra 12/3/97 6/29/98
Angola 12/4/97 7/5/02
Antigua & Barbuda 12/3/97 5/3/99
Argentina 12/4/97 9/14/99
Australia 12/3/97 1/14/99
Austria 12/3/97 6/29/98
Bahamas 12/3/97 7/31/98
Bangladesh 5/7/98 9/6/00
Barbados 12/3/97 1/26/99
Belarus 9/03/03
Belgium 12/3/97 9/4/98
Belize 2/27/98 4/23/98
Benin 12/3/97 9/25/98
Bhutan 8/18/05
Bolivia 12/3/97 6/9/98
Bosnia and Herzegovina 12/3/97 9/8/98
Botswana 12/3/97 3/1/00
Brazil 12/3/97 4/30/99
Brunei Darussalam 12/4/97 4/24/06
Bulgaria 12/3/97 9/4/98
Burkina Faso 12/3/97 9/16/98
Burundi 12/3/97 10/22/03
Cambodia 12/3/97 7/28/99
Cameroon 12/3/97 9/19/02
Canada 12/3/97 12/3/97
Cape Verde 12/4/97 5/14/01
Central African Republic 11/8/02
Chad 7/6/98 5/6/99
Chile 12/3/97 9/10/01
Colombia 12/3/97 9/6/00
Comoros 9/19/02
Congo 5/4/01
Cook Islands 12/3/97 3/15/06
Costa Rica 12/3/97 3/17/99
Cote d'Ivoire 12/3/97 6/30/00
Croatia 12/4/97 5/20/98
Cyprus 12/4/97 1/17/03
Czech Republic 12/3/97 10/26/99
Democratic Republic of Congo 5/2/02
Denmark 12/4/97 6/8/98
Djibouti 12/3/97 5/18/98
Dominica 12/3/97 3/26/99
Dominican Republic 12/3/97 6/30/00
Ecuador 12/4/97 4/29/99
El Salvador 12/4/97 1/27/99
Equatorial Guinea 9/16/98
Eriitrea 8/27/01
Estonia 5/12/04
Ethiopia 12/3/97 12/17/04
Fiji 12/3/97 6/10/98
Finland 1/09/12
France 12/3/97 7/23/98
Gabon 12/3/97 9/8/00
Gambia 12/4/97 9/23/02
Germany 12/3/97 7/23/98
Ghana 12/4/97 6/30/00
Greece 12/3/97 9/25/03
Grenada 12/3/97 8/19/98
Guatemala 12/3/97 3/26/99
Guinea 12/4/97 10/8/98
Guinea-Bissau 12/3/97 5/22/01
Guyana 12/4/97 8/5/03
Haiti 12/3/97 2/15/06
Holy See 12/4/97 2/17/98
Honduras 12/3/97 9/24/98
Hungary 12/3/97 4/6/98
Iceland 12/4/97 5/5/99
Indonesia 12/4/97 2/20/07
Iraq 8/15/07
Ireland 12/3/97 12/3/97
Italy 12/3/97 4/23/99
Jamaica 12/3/97 7/17/98
Japan 12/3/97 9/30/98
Jordan 8/11/98 11/13/98
Kenya 12/5/97 1/23/01
Kiribati 9/7/00
Kuwait 7/31/07
Latvia 7/1/05
Lesotho 12/4/97 12/2/98
Liberia 12/23/99
Liechtenstein 12/3/97 10/5/99
Lithuania 2/26/99 5/12/03
Luxembourg 12/4/97 6/14/99
Macedonia, FYR 9/9/98
Madagascar 12/4/97 9/16/99
Malawi 12/4/97 8/13/98
Malaysia 12/3/97 4/22/99
Maldives 10/1/98 9/7/00
Mali 12/3/97 6/2/98
Malta 12/4/97 5/7/01
Marshall Islands 12/4/97
Mauritania 12/3/97 7/21/00
Mauritius 12/3/97 12/3/97
Mexico 12/3/97 6/9/98
Moldova 12/3/97 9/8/00
Monaco 12/4/97 11/17/98
Montenegro 10/23/06
Mozambique 12/3/97 8/25/98
Namibia 12/3/97 9/21/98
Nauru 8/7/00
Netherlands 12/3/97 4/12/99
New Zealand 12/3/97 1/27/99
Nicaragua 12/4/97 11/30/98
Niger 12/4/97 3/23/99
Nigeria 9/27/01
Niue 12/3/97 4/15/98
Norway 12/3/97 7/9/98
Palau 11/19/07
Panama 12/4/97 10/7/98
Papua New Guinea 6/28/04
Paraguay 12/3/97 11/13/98
Peru 12/3/97 6/17/98
Philippines 12/3/97 2/15/00
Poland 12/4/97 12/27/12
Portugal 12/3/97 2/19/99
Qatar 12/4/97 10/13/98
Romania 12/3/97 11/30/00
Rwanda 12/3/97 6/8/00
St. Kitts & Nevis 12/3/97 12/2/98
St. Lucia 12/3/97 4/13/99
St. Vincent & the Grenadines 12/3/97 8/1/01
Samoa 12/3/97 7/23/98
San Marino 12/3/97 3/18/98
Sao Tome & Principe 4/30/98 3/31/03
Senegal 12/3/97 9/24/98
Serbia & Montenegro 9/18/03
Seychelles 12/4/97 6/2/00
Sierra Leone 7/29/98 4/25/01
Slovakia 12/3/97 2/25/99
Slovenia 12/3/97 10/27/98
Solomon Islands 12/4/97 1/26/99
Somalia 4/16/12
South Africa 12/3/97 6/26/98
South Sudan 11/11/11
Spain 12/3/97 1/19/99
Sudan 12/4/97 10/13/03
Suriname 12/4/97 5/23/02
Swaziland 12/4/97 12/22/98
Sweden 12/4/97 11/30/98
Switzerland 12/3/97 3/24/98
Tajikistan 10/12/99
Tanzania 12/3/97 11/13/00
Thailand 12/3/97 11/27/98
Timor Leste 5/7/03
Togo 12/4/97 3/9/00
Trinidad & Tobago 12/4/97 4/27/98
Tunisia 12/4/97 7/9/99
Turkey 9/25/03
Turkmenistan 12/3/97 1/19/98
Tuvalu 9/13/11
Uganda 12/3/97 2/25/99
Ukraine 2/24/99 12/27/05
United Kingdom 12/3/97 7/31/98
Uruguay 12/3/97 6/7/01
Vanuatu 12/4/97 9/16/05
Venezuela 12/3/97 4/14/99
Yemen 12/4/97 9/1/98
Zambia 12/12/97 2/23/01
Zimbabwe 12/3/97 6/18/98

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